# Research-aptitude questions set 39

By | January 18, 2017

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## very Important research aptitude

 Question 1
The research is always
 A verifying the old knowledge B exploring new knowledge C filling the gap between the knowledge D All of the above
 Question 2
Who among the following is the author of elementary forms of religious life''?
 A Durkheim B Dewey C Mannheim D Parsons
 Question 3
All of the following are true statements about action research, EXCEPT;
 A Data are systematically analyzed B Data are collected systematically C Results are generalizable D Results are used to improve practice
 Question 4
The part of the action research spiral that differentiates this research methodology from other kinds of research is;
 A Looking at multiple sources of data B Taking action based on results. C Thinking about or analyzing data in more than one way. D The kinds of data that are collected
 Question 5
The nonrandom sampling type that involves selecting a convenience sample from a population with a specific set of characteristics for your research study is called ........
 A Convenience sampling B Quota sampling C Purposive sampling D Snowball sampling
 Question 6
When a extraneous variable systematically varies with the independent variable and influences the dependent variable, it is called
 A Another dependent variable B A confounding variable C A moderating variable D An unreliable variable
 Question 7
Individuals who engage in action research are most concerned with
 A Supporting the way things are being done. B Publishing results C Proving a hypothesis D Improvement
 Question 8
When there is a need of generating new ideas for hypotheses or to interpret the results of some research, which one is the best research deign?
 A Experiment B Surveys C Focus group discussion D Communication analysis
 Question 9
Which of the following statements is true?
 A A statistical relationship is sufficient evidence to infer causality B Temporal order of the cause and effect is not important in inferring causality C A statistical relation of X and Y is insufficient evidence for inferring causality D Temporal order of cause and effect variables and statistical relation are all that are needed to infer causality
 Question 10
A school district examines a program that uses mentors to help very poor readers improve their reading performance. The children in the program are at the 4th percentile at pretest. At posttest they are around the 20th percentile. While it is possible that the program made the difference, another reason for the change in scores could be
 A History B Regression artifact C Multiple-treatment interference D Differential selection
 Question 11
If a researcher is studying the effect of using laptops in his classroom to ascertain their merit and worth; he is likely conducting which of the following types of research?
 A Experimental B Applied C Basic D Evaluation
 Question 12
Exploratory research addresses which of the following types of question?
 A If B How C Why D What
 Question 13
Who among the following is the author of structure of scientific revolutions'' ?
 A Mills B Pigou C Kuhn D Russel
 Question 14
The reliability of most of the investigation depends on
 A primary data B secondary data C Both A and B D none of the above
 Question 15
Which type of validity refers to the factual accuracy of an account as reported by the researcher?
 A Ecological validity B Temporal validity C Descriptive validity D None of the above
 Question 16
Which of the following is not one of the key threats to internal validity?
 A Maturation B Instrumentation C Temporal change D History
 Question 17
This type of validity refers to the ability to generalize the results of a study across settings.
 A Temporal validity B Internal validity C Ecological validity D External validity
 Question 18
A group of researchers do a study where children from particular classrooms are assigned to treatment or control conditions. After the study, the researcher finds out that the students in the control group are higher achievers than those in the experimental group. He found no treatment effect. The failure to find an effect may be due to
 A A treatment effect B A testing effect C A differential selection effect D A maturation effect
 Question 19
A researcher examines a program looking at the effects of mentoring on poor readers' reading achievement. He looks at two different schools. One serves as the control and the other the experimental group. Both schools had reading achievement that was around the 50th percentile. During the time that the mentoring program is in place in the experimental group, a statewide reading initiative is started in randomly selected schools. The experimental, but not the control school is involved in the initiative. At the end of the year, the experimental group does better than the control. From the information presented above, a likely threat to the internal validity of the study is
 A Selection by mortality interaction B Mortality C Selection-history effect D Selection-maturation effect
 Question 20
Which type of validity refers to the degree to which you can infer that the relationship between two variables is causal?
 A Internal validity B Population validity C Ecological validity D Statistical conclusion validity
 Question 21
Which is not a direct threat to the internal validity of a research design?
 A History B Testing C Sampling error D Differential selection
 Question 22
Alteration in performance due to being aware that one is participating in a study is known as .......
 A Operationalism B Reactivity C Temporal validity D Mortality
 Question 23
Which of the following is an example of deception in business research?
 A The obtaining of company material without permission. B The researcher wearing a disguise during an observation. C The researcher representing their research as being about a different topic D The researcher failing to ask permission to interview someone.
 Question 24
The idea that the more times a research finding is shown with different sets of people, the more confidence we can place in the finding and in generalizing beyond the original participants is known as ........
 A Naturalistic generalization B Methods generalization C Data triangulation D Replication logic
 Question 25
Which among the following is not characteristics of research?
 A irrelevant conclusions B irrelevant data collection C irrelevant data analysis D All of the above
 Question 26
Who among the following is credited with action research?
 A Durkheim B John Dewey C Mannheim D Parsons
There are 26 questions to complete.