# Research-aptitude questions set 41

By | January 18, 2017

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## Research aptitude

 Question 1
What type of validity refers to the extent to which the results of a study can be generalized across time?
 A Ecological validity B External validity C Internal validity D Temporal validity
 Question 2
Which of the following best describes interpretive validity?
 A Factual accuracy of an account as reported by the researcher B Accurately portraying the meanings given by the participants to what is being studied C Degree to which a theoretical explanation fits the data D Ability to generalize the study results across settings
 Question 3
Which of the following terms is a strategy where the researcher actively engages in critical self-reflection about his or her potential biases and predispositions.
 A Experimenter effect B Reactivity C Investigator triangulation D Reflexivity
 Question 4
Who among the following gave the below statement $\text{ research is an honest effort carried out through insight''}$
 A Cook B Crick C Watson D none of the above
 Question 5
The advantage of preparing the research paper raise
 A the exchange of ideas related to research B the familiarity with the research approaches C the awareness about present research D all of the above
 Question 6
Which technique of research is applied in Educational Sociology?
 A Laboratory Experiments B Field Experiments C Field Studies D Historical Researches.
 Question 7
What is Survey method?
 A Laboratory Experiments B Field Experiments C Field Studies D Historical Researches.
 Question 8
What is not correct about hypothesis?
 A It is essential in studies where cause effect relationships are to be discovered B It is less crucial in studies in which the task is one of determining the status of a given phenomenon C Its absence, essentially, means no research or poor research D Even in case of status-studies, the investigator is likely to need some tentative hypothesis to guide him.
 Question 9
What does representative sample mean?
 A A miniature or replica of the population at least with respect to the characteristic under investigation, if not in all respects B A sample similar to the population in all respects C A sample which is smaller in size than the population D A sample whose mean is estimated to be within sampling errors of the population mean.
 Question 10
If an examiner, inadvertently, allows three minutes extra time to some subjects in the group on a test of intelligence used in a research, this will introduce in the experiment
 A Sampling error of random nature. B Measurement error of random nature. C Measurement error of constant nature. D Sampling error of constant nature.
 Question 11
Level of significance means the probability of
 A Rejecting the null hypothesis. B Accepting the null hypothesis. C Accepting the research hypothesis. D Rejecting the research hypothesis.
 Question 12
Historical research has nothing to do with
 A Collecting source material. B Internal and external criticism of source material. C Formulating hypothesis to explain events and conditions. D Testing hypothesis statistically to draw inferences.
 Question 13
The best measuring tool for research is
 A Well-standardized. B Highly reliable. C Highly valid. D Both sufficiently reliable and sufficiently valid.
 Question 14
What is not possible to achieve in case of the field experiment?
 A Randomization B Manipulation C Control of extraneous variables D Randomization and control of extraneous variables both.
 Question 15
Causal-comparative studies are classified under
 A Experimental research. B Descriptive research. C Historical research. D Developmental research.
 Question 16
Which of the following is not considered one of the criteria for inferring causality?
 A Evidence that the independent and dependent variables are related B Evidence that the relationship between the variables being investigated is not due to a confounding extraneous variable C Evidence that changes in variable A occur before changes in variable B D The temporal ordering of the variables being investigated does not matter because a relationship is all that is really needed
 Question 17
The use of multiple data sources to help understand a phenomenon is one strategy that is used to promote qualitative research validity. Which of the following terms describes this strategy?
 A Data matching B Pattern matching C Data triangulation D Data feedback
 Question 18
What may happen when different comparison groups experience a different history event?
 A History effect B Selection-history effect C Selection effect D Group effect
 Question 19
What is another term that refers to a confounding extraneous variable?
 A Last variable B First variable C Third variable D Fourth variable
 Question 20
A researcher is interested in studying why the new math'' of the 1960s failed. She interviews several teachers who used the new math during the 1960s. These teachers are considered as
 A Primary sources B Secondary Sources C External critics D Internal critics
 Question 21
Experimental design is the only appropriate design where ........ relationship can be established
 A Strong B Linear C Weak D Cause and Effect
 Question 22
Which of the following refers to any systematic change that occurs over time in the way in which the dependent variable is assessed?
 A Instrumentation B Maturation C Testing D Selection
 Question 23
Which of the following terms describes the ability to generalize from the sample of individuals on which a study was conducted to the larger target population of individuals and across different subpopulations within the larger target population?
 A External validity B Population validity C Ecological validity D Temporal validity
 Question 24
Which of the following is not a strategy used to promote qualitative research validity?
 A Peer review B Theory triangulation C Extended fieldwork D Random assignment
 Question 25
The goal of ........ is to focus on summarizing and explaining a specific set of data
 A Inferential statistics B Descriptive statistics C None of the above D All of the above
There are 25 questions to complete.