# Research-aptitude questions set 6

By | January 5, 2017

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## Important Research aptitude questions

 Question 1
E. B. Titchener (1867-1927) defined Psychology' as the science of
 A Soul B Mind C Experience D Conscious Experience
 Question 2
J. B. Watson defined Psychology' as the science
 A Soul B Behavior C Mind D Consciousness
 Question 3
Psychology was defined as the Science of Behavior'' by
 A Functionalists B Structuralisms C Gestalt Psychologists D Behaviorists
 Question 4
Who defined Psychology' as the scientific study of activities of the organism in relation to its environment?
 A J. B. Watson B Sigmund Freud C C. G. Jung
 Question 5
Any systematically organised body of verified knowledge about a certain class of facts and events is known as
 A Science B Experiment C Hypothesis D Fact
 Question 6
Psychology is
 A A social Science B A Natural Science C A Biological Science D Both Natural and Social Science
 Question 7
Why is it important to change one variable at a time in single case designs?
 A Changing one variable allows isolation of the cause of the change B Changing more than one variable at a time confounds those independent variables C Both A and B are true D None of the above
 Question 8
Researchers can attempt to eliminate the threat of bias from the selection-maturation effect in the nonequivalent comparison-group design by matching experimental and control participants on important variables.
 A True B False
 Question 9
Group comparison designs are always superior to single-case designs.
 A True B False
 Question 10
When you are confident that the experimental manipulation produced the changes you measured in the dependent variable, your study probably has good ........ validity.
 A Internal B External C Causal D Construct
 Question 11
Identifying a factor to be measured by placing units or categories on a scale to differentiate varying degrees of that factor and describing these units in some manner is known as
 A A checklist. B A schedule, C A test. D A rating scale.
 Question 12
If a researcher conducts a research on finding out which administrative style contributes more to institutional effectiveness, it is an example of
 A Basic research. B Action research. C Applied research. D Fundamental research.
 Question 13
In case of ANOVA if there are no treatment effects at all, then F-ratio will be
 A Zero. B +1.0. C -1.0. D Any value between 1.0-1%.
 Question 14
What is the nature of F-test?
 A Essentially a two-tailed test B Essentially a one-tailed test C Can be one-tailed as well as two-tailed depending on the hypothesis to be tested D Can never be a one-tailed test.
 Question 15
Who developed Method of equal appearing intervals forming the basis of constructing attitude scales?
 A Likert B Thurstone and Chave C Bogardus D Guttman.
 Question 16
What is an attitude scale with five points on it varying from strongly approved to strongly disapproved?
 A Likert type B Thurstone type C Bogardus type D Guttman type.
 Question 17
What is an attitude scale in which each item's value is calculated by finding out the mean or median of the ratings of a large number of judges on an eleven-point rating scale?
 A Thurstone type B Guttman type C Bogardus type D Likert type.
 Question 18
Which of the following situations calls for the use of a ratio-scale?
 A A researcher waits to assert that the two persons X and V differ in their attitudes towards nationalization of education B He wishes to state that the attitude of one person X' is more favorable than that of Y' C He wishes to make a statement that as compared to Y, X' is much more in favor of nationalization than he is, as compared to Z' D He wants to show that X' is twice as much in favor of Nationalization as `Y'.
 Question 19
Which one of the following is regarded as the very breath of an experiment?
 A Independent Variable B Dependent Variable C Controlled Variable D Experimental Control
 Question 20
Mr. Ali has conducted an extensive review of the literature and has deductively reasoned a hypothesis about his problem on the basis of this review. Which type of a research plan is Mr. Ali likely proposing?
 A Qualitative B Ethical C Both quantitative and qualitative D Quantitative
 Question 21
The directors of a graduate program in educational research wish to see what types of jobs their graduates take after they finish their program. They randomly sample students from the program and have them fill out questionnaires with items asking about the types of jobs they have had. They also are asked to describe the roles they play in their current positions. This project is best described as having what kind of objective
 A Descriptive B Predictive C Explanatory D None of the above
 Question 22
When research is done to test hypotheses and theories about how and why phenomena operate as they do, then the primary purpose of such research is
 A Descriptive B Predictive C Explanatory D None of the above
 Question 23
The variable the researcher matches to eliminate it as an alternative explanation is called a(n) ........ variable
 A Matching B Independent C Dependent D Partial
 Question 24
Which of the following is not a longitudinal design?
 A Panel B Cross-sectional C Trend D Both A and C are longitudinal designs
 Question 25
Researcher selects only 25 members as a sample from the total population of 20,000, and considers
 A He was guided by his supervisor B He was a good researcher C The population was Homogeneous D None of the above
There are 25 questions to complete.