Research-aptitude questions set 61

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important research aptitude quiz

Question 1
Which of the following symbols represents a population parameter?
A
SD
B
$\rho$
C
$r$
D
0
Question 2
According to whom ``to start with, the mind is as clean state''.
A
Plato
B
Descarte
C
Locke
D
Spinoza
Question 3
What is the objective of descriptive research?
A
to collect the fact
B
to identify and focus on the present condition
C
to study the subject of phenomenon in fast way
D
All of the above
Question 4
Participant observation is a part of
A
quantitative research
B
qualitative research
C
ethnographic research
D
both B and C
Question 5
In a research, study the conclusions should be based on
A
related literature
B
data collected
C
analysis of data
D
both B and C
Question 6
A researcher does a study of students' phenomenological feelings about problem solving. One of her categories of codes involves positive affect. Two subcategories of that category of positive affect are smiles when solves the problem, and shouts hooray when finished. The relation between these subcategories and the overall category of positive affect is
A
Spatial
B
Sequence
C
Strict inclusion
D
Function
Question 7
In looking at the relationships between coding categories, the relation, "X is a place in Y; X is part of Y" in Spradley's taxonomy of semantic relations is labeled
A
Spatial
B
Rationale
C
Means-end
D
Strict inclusion
Question 8
In looking at the relationships between coding categories, the relation X is a kind of Y in Spradley's taxonomy of semantic relations is labeled
A
Spatial
B
Rationale
C
Means-end
D
Strict inclusion
Question 9
A researcher is interested in studying why the “new math” of the 1960s failed She interviews several teachers who used the new math during the 1960s. These teachers are considered as
A
Primary sources
B
Secondary Sources
C
External critic's
D
Internal critics
Question 10
When we say that science is parsimonious, we mean that
A
Scientific theories are based on laws.
B
We must be careful because causes can occur after specific effects.
C
The best scientific theories are those that offer the simplest explanations for a law.
D
Science accurately describes a wide range of behavior.
Question 11
What type of the interview that is in which questions are already prepared?
A
Telephonic interview
B
Personal interview
C
Unstructured interview
D
Structured interview
Question 12
Which of the following is a legitimate purpose of a research plan?
A
It forces you to think through every aspect of a study.
B
It provides detailed procedures to guide the conduct of the study.
C
It provides clear roadmap of the study.
D
Writing a plan facilitates the evaluation of it.
Question 13
In the statement ‘Smoke badly destroys health of people’ what is the unit of analysis?
A
Transportation
B
Individuals
C
Pollutants
D
Drugs
Question 14
In ........, the researcher attempts to control and/ or manipulate the variables in the study.
A
Experiment
B
Hypothesis
C
Theoretical framework
D
Research design
Question 15
In an experimental research study, the primary goal is to isolate and identify the effect produced by the .....
A
Dependent variable
B
Extraneous variable
C
Independent variable
D
Confounding variable
Question 16
The interview in which questions are already prepared is called ........
A
Telephonic interview
B
Personal interview
C
Unstructured interview
D
Structured interview
Question 17
........ is the evidence that the instrument, techniques, or process used to measure concept does indeed measure the intended concepts.
A
Reliability
B
Reliability
C
Scaling
D
Validity
Question 18
While studying supervisor-subordinate relationship in an organization, what is the unit of analysis?
A
Individual
B
Dyad
C
Employer-employee
D
Organization
Question 19
Which of the following types of survey research is often used for program evaluation or accreditation purposes?
A
Developmental surveys
B
Follow-up studies
C
Public opinion polls
D
No survey research is appropriate
Question 20
In quasi-experimental research designs, causal interpretations can be made ........
A
Only when rival explanations have been shown to be plausible
B
Only when rival explanations have been shown to be implausible
C
Only when the participants have been randomly selected
D
Only when there is a single participant in the experiment
Question 21
In single-case research, ``baseline'' refers to ........
A
The beginning point of the treatment condition
B
The end point of the treatment condition
C
The rate of response established prior to the experimental intervention
D
The time during which a treatment condition is administered
Question 22
Which type of design can be used when the goal is to create a step-by-step increase (or decrease) in the amount, accuracy, or frequency of some behavior over a period of time?
A
Nonequivalent comparison-group design
B
Changing-criterion design
C
Both A and B
D
None of the above
Question 23
Which of the following occurs in a comparison group design when one of the two groups of participants grows or naturally develops faster than the other group?
A
Main effect
B
Sequencing effect
C
Order effect
D
Selection-maturation effect
There are 23 questions to complete.

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