Management information system MCQ
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The Master of Management is a post-graduate master's degree awarded to students who normally complete a one- to two-year program of graduate level coursework in business management at an accredited academic institution. As the program is designed for students interested in entering leadership roles, the degree attracts applicants from diverse academic disciplines. The MM program structure is similar to that of the Master of Business Administration, Master of Arts in Management, and Master of Science in Management degrees.
Most organizations have three management levels: first-level, middle-level, and top-level managers. These managers are classified according to a hierarchy of authority and perform different tasks. In many organizations, the number of managers in each level gives the organization a pyramid structure.
Batch processing is a technique in which data to be processed or programs to be executed are collected into groups to permit convenient, efficient, and serial processing. It is the simplest form of data processing. With this method, data is entered to the information flow in large volumes, or batches.
The batch processing method was first used in the 19th century by Herman Hollerith, an American inventor who created the first tabulating machine. This device became the precursor to the modern computer, capable of counting and sorting data organized in the form of punched cards.
Batch Processing is a method where the information to be organized is sorted into groups to allow for efficient and sequential processing. Online Processing is a method that utilizes Internet connections and equipment directly attached to a computer. It is used mainly for information recording and research.
Data is any sequence of one or more symbols given meaning by specific act of interpretation. Data requires interpretation to become information. To translate data to information, there must be several known factors considered. The factors involved are determined by the creator of the data and the desired information. The term metadata is used to reference the data about the data. Metadata may be implied, specified or given. Data relating to physical events or processes will also have a temporal component. In almost all cases this temporal component is implied. This is the case when a device such as a temperature logger receives data from a temperature sensor. When the temperature is received it is assumed that the data has a temporal references of "now". So the device records the date, time and temperature together. When the data logger communicates temperatures, it must also report the date and time for each temperature.
Data is represented in a computer by means of simple on/off switches, and digitally these become 1 and 0. Millions of switches in combination create all the data in a computer system. Computer data handing is an electrical system; therefore the on/off switches become electrical switches.
Defining the Problem 2. Analysing the Problem 3. Developing Alternative Solutions 4. Deciding upon the Best Solution 5. Making the Decision Effective 6. Implementing and Verifying the Decision. Step # 1. Defining the Problem: Management may see a clash of personalities; the real problem may well be poor organization structure.