Pre-Modern Northeast Asia

 

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Pre-Modern Northeast Asia

Question 1
The Qing state relied on an incredibly complex bureaucracy to keep the dynasty in order. Who stepped in to take control on the local level when the state's neglect of public works and military affairs, coupled with an inefficient government, sewed discontent with the peasant farmers in the late Qing Dynasty?
A
Merchants and artisans
B
Confucian scholars and lower-level bureaucrats
C
Military leaders, aristocratic landowners, and secret societies
D
Foreign traders and missionaries

Question 2
The civil service examination system of the Koryo Dynasty in Korea was closely modeled on their Chinese counterparts. Who could take the exams, and what subjects were the exams based on?
A
Any tax-paying free citizen, but not aristocrats (they were all appointed positions); Buddhist sutras and teachings, coupled with mathematics and alchemy.
B
Only the first-born sons of the first three ranking classes (royal caste, yangban, and palace functionaries); Daoist teachings, Confucian classics, law, and astronomy.
C
Everyone except those of the lowest classes; Confucian classics, along with legal studies, mathematics, and astronomy.
D
Only members of the royal caste and the yangban; Confucian classics and Buddhist sutras and teachings.

Question 3
The Han developed an elaborate bureaucratic government that originated the notion of selecting officials based on merit. Though it only amounted to a small percentage of officials, some were chosen for their knowledge and education. What did the Han base their education system on?
A
Daoist teachings
B
Confucian philosophy
C
Legalist writings
D
None of these. The Han created a secular education system that reinforced practical knowledge over moral philosophy.

Question 4
Choose the following staple crop and method(s) for harvest used by the Vietnamese people since 8000 BCE, both in the mountains and on the coast.
A
The Vietnamese have primarily relied on fishing and only planted crops in limited quantities.
B
The prehistoric Chinese taught the Vietnamese how to grow millet, which became their staple crop.
C
The Vietnamese cultivated wheat in the open prairies to the east of the Mekong River.
D
They developed two ways by which to cultivate ricea dry method that was used in the more mountainous regions, and a wet method that took advantage of irrigation techniques used in conjunction with rivers.

Question 5
The Shang Dynasty capitalized on their use of bronze metallurgy to maintain their dynastic power and wealth. Which of the following items did the Shang NOT make using bronze?
A
Weapons
B
Common tools
C
Chariots
D
Ceremonial court records

Question 6
According to Confucian thought, the "junzi, " or "superior man/gentleman/scholar, " exhibits which of the following character traits?
A
He excels in his speech, is modest in his actions, and is often insincere.
B
He wants to see clearly, hear distinctly, practice righteousness, and be a virtuous man above all else.
C
He is willing to improperly obtain riches and fulfill desires, and is often struck with fear and anxiety.
D
All of the above.

Question 7
The Buddhist cosmic cycle of "mappo" convinces Kamo no Chomei to do what during the Kamakura period?
A
Write a scathing rebuke of society in the literary work entitled "The Pillow Book."
B
Rise to power as the head of a feudal daimy.
C
Become a Buddhist monk and relate his cautionary tale to others by writing the "Hjki" ("An Account of My Hut").
D
Join the Taira clan and fight in the Genpei War.

Question 8
How did the Mongols foster long-distance trade and cultural exchange with Eurasia?
A
The Mongols created "ortogh, " merchant associations, to coordinate and improve long-distance trade.
B
In order to make more currency available and increase trade, they minted more paper money and lowered tariffs on merchants.
C
The Mongols allowed physicians, artisans, and scientists to travel across Mongol territories, facilitating knowledge transfer along the Silk Road and other trade routes.
D
All of the above.

Question 9
Though the Xia Dynasty may have been a mythical creation of the Chinese, what trait(s) did the Shang Dynasty share with its legendary predecessor?
A
The dynasty believed in a monotheistic religion that worshipped the Sun.
B
The dynasty began with a virtuous and heroic leader and ended with a tyrannical leader being overthrown by the people.
C
The dynasty witnessed the sharing of power between the Manchus and the Hans.
D
Mongols invaded the region and set up their own dynasty, subjecting the Chinese to their rule.

Question 10
According to the "Shu Jing" ("The Classic of History"), what will happen to the young king if he does not rule virtuously?
A
It will ruin his ancestral temple and his life will be miserable.
B
His officers will no longer listen to him.
C
Nothing. The young king is instructed to rule harshly to maintain order in society.
D
The earth will shake and the skies will fall.
There are 10 questions to complete.

 

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