Reading comprehension questions answers for competitive exam
Ghanshyam Das Birla was a great architect of India's industrial growth. He started his career in Kolkata at the beginning of 20th century. He set up many industries. He entered the field of business during the days of the First World War and established himself after the war years. First, he established a cotton mill in Sabzi Mandi, Delhi, followed by Keshoram Cotton Mills and Birla Jute Mills around 1920. The Keshoram Mills were set up with the efforts of Andrew Yule. In 1919, with an investment of Rs 50 lakhs, Birla Brothers Limited was formed and thereafter a mill was set up in Gwalior.
Mr. Birla realised that politicalfreedom from British rule was imperative for the industrial growth of India. In 1920, he came into contact with Gandhiji and became his disciple. In the decade of the 30's he set up sugar paper mills. From 1943 to 1946, with the stock exchange gaining ground, Birla Brothers ventured into the areas of cars, cotton, machinery and man-made fabrics. United Commercial Bank was set up during this period. Prior to this, he had established Ruby, Asiatic Insurance Co. and Inland Air Service.
After independence, the Birlas expanded their business and started production in many fields. Near Mirzapur, he, in collaboration with Caesar, an American friend, set up an aluminium plant Hindalco in record time. He bought the Century Mill from Sir Chunnilal V.Mehta, the cousin of Sir Purshottam Das Thakur. He also boughttea estates and started cement and fertiliser factories. He established a new style of management. In his birth place Pilani, and at many other places he started many educational institutions. To his credit go many temples, planetariums and hospitals. In 1983, he died while in London, but not before seeing his business flourish as one of the topmost establishments in India. During the decades of 70's and 80's, Birla Brothers was among the topmost Industrial Houses in India.
Anna Saheb Karve's life was an simple and clean as that of an ancient ascetic (Rishi Muni). He was liberal in his views and sympathetic in his attitude. He was deeply moved by the troubles and tribulations of women flok. What Anna Saheb did for the upliftment of women in the last decade of the nineteenth century was beyond the imagination ofthe people. He created an awakening among women through his writing in Kesari. He was a staunch supporter of widow remarriage. On March 11, 1893, he set an example for society by taking the bold step of marrying a widow. The couple dedicated their lives to social work and reform. He established an orphanage in Pune.
Anna Saheb realised the importance of education for women. He spared no effortin starting the Bharatiya Mahila Vidyapeeth, the first university for women. In 1921, he travelled to Europe and America and met famous people like Albert Einstein and formulated his opinions regarding work. In 1958, he was awarded the 'Bharat Ratna' in recognition of his services in educational and social reforms.
Ghanshyam Das Birla was better known to India as
a freedom fighter against British rule
an architect of temples in various cities
a pioneer of India's industrial growth
an architect of the textile industry in India
a textile related industry
a cotton mill, Gwalior
Keshoram Cotton Mills, Delhi
car manufacturing company
He helped Ghanshyam Das Birla in setting up cotton mills in Sabzi Mandi, Delhi.
He invested Rs. 50 lakhs in Keshoram Cotton Mills
He extended a lot of help to Ghanshyam Das Birla in his second venture.
He helped Ghanshyam Das Birla in the field of business before the First World War.
The British rule was very atrocious.
The British rule was counter productive to India's industrial growth.
The British rule was not a hindrance to India's industrial growth.
The industrial growth of India had nothing to do with gaining freedom from the British.
- Ghanshyam Das Birla could set up a large number of diverse industries due to British rule in India.
- Ghanshyam Das Birla, with his family members, started various industries due to flourishing of the Stock Exchange.
- Ghanshyam Das Birla was impressed by Gandhiji's philosopy.
Both I and II
Both I and III
All the three
Only II and III