Reading comprehension test 279

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Reading comprehension questions answers for competitive exam

Question 1 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW THE RIGHT ANSWER]
As civilization proceeds in the direction of technology, it passes the points of supplying all the basic essentials of life, food, shelter, cloth, and warmth. Then we are faced with a choice between using technology to provide and fulfil needs which have hitherto been regarded as unnecessary or, on the other hand, using technology to reduce the number of hours of work which a man must do in order to earn a given standard of living. In other words, we either raise our standard of living above that necessary for comfort and happiness or we leave it at this level and work shorter hours. I shall take it as axiomatic that mankind has, by that time, chosen the latter alternative. Men will be working shorter and shorter hours in their paid employment.

Refer to the lines: "Then we are faced with a choice ...". What does 'then' refer to in the given sentence?

A
When automation takes over many aspects of human life
B
The present state of civilization
C
The past stage of civilization
D
After having provided the basic essentials of life
Question 1 Explanation: 
As mentioned in the first line of the passage 'As civilization proceeds in the direction of technology, it passes the points of supplying all the basic essentials of life, food, shelter, cloth, and warmth.' The reference to 'then' in this case refers to the point in civilization wherein all the basic essentials have been provided.
Question 2 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW THE RIGHT ANSWER]
What does the passage suggest about the use of technology?
A
It creates new and essential needs for mankind
B
It is opposed to the basic essentials of life
C
It is complementary to a raised standard of living
D
It is responsible for man's love of comfort and happiness
Question 2 Explanation: 
The author does talk about the new needs created by technology but he does not refer to them as essential. So, option (a) is eliminated. Option (b) is eliminated as it does not find a mention in the passage. Option (c) finds an indirect mention in the concluding lines, hence is the right answer.
Question 3 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW THE RIGHT ANSWER]
What does the author mean by the word 'axiomatic' in the given passage?
A
without any evidence
B
evident without proof or argument
C
proved with help of idioms
D
none of the above
Question 3 Explanation: 
The word 'axiomatic' means 'evident without proof or argument'.
Question 4 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW THE RIGHT ANSWER]
What does the author suggest?
A
Man will gradually rise above his present stage in civilization
B
Man will gradually settle down to the same stage with fewer hours of work
C
Man will gradually raise his standard of living by working longer hours
D
Man will gradually earn a given standard of living with the help of technology
Question 4 Explanation: 
The answer can be derived from the lines: Then we are faced with a choice between using technology to provide and fulfil needs which have hitherto been regarded as unnecessary or, on the other hand, using technology to reduce the number of hours of work which a man must do in order to earn a given standard of living. Option (b) is the direct answer that can be derived from the given context.
There are 4 questions to complete.

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