Reading comprehension questions answers for competitive exam
Question 1 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW THE RIGHT ANSWER]
Similar experiences of crowding and space are found in education. To sit in a class where the teacher stuffs our minds with information, organizes it with finality, insists on having the answers while being utterly uninterested in our views, and focus us into a grim competition for grades-to sit in such a class is to experience a lack of space for learning. But to study with a teacher who not only speaks but also listens, who not only answers but asks questions and welcomes our insights, who provides information and theories that do not close doors but open new ones, who encourages students to help each other learn- to study with such a teacher is to know the power of a learning space.
A learning space has three essential dimensions: openness, boundaries and an air of hospitality. To create open learning space is to remove the impediments to learning that we find around and within us; we often create them ourselves to evade the challenge of truth and transformation. One source of such impediments is our fear of appearing ignorant to others or to ourselves. The openness of a space is created by the firmness of its boundaries. A learning space cannot extend indefinitely; if it did, it would not be a structure for learning but an invitation for confusion and chaos. When space boundaries are violated, the quality of space suffers. The teacher who wants to create an open learning space must define and defend its boundaries with care. Because the pursuit of truth can be painful and discomforting, the learning space needs to be hospitable. Hospitable means receiving each other, our struggles, our new-born ideas with openness and care. It means creating an ethos in which the community of truth can form and the pain of its transformation be borne. A learning space needs to be hospitable not to make learning painless, but to make painful things possible, things without which no learning can occur-things like exposing ignorance, testing tentative hypotheses, challenging false or partial information, and mutual criticism of thought.
The task of creating learning space with qualities of openness, boundaries and hospitality can be approached at several levels. The most basic level is the physical arrangement of the classroom. Consider the traditional classroom setting with row of chairs facing the lectern where learning space is confined to the narrow alley of attention between each student and teacher. In this space, there is no commodity of truth, hospitality or room for students to relate to the thoughts of each other. Contrast it with the chairs placed in a circular arrangement creating an open space within which learners can interconnect. At another level, the teacher can create conceptual space with words in two ways. One is through assigned reading; the other is through lecturing, assigned reading, not in the form of speed reading several hundred pages but contemplative reading which opens, not fills, our learning space. A teacher can also create a learning space by means of lectures. By providing critical information and a framework of interpretation, a lecturer can lay down boundaries within which learning occurs.
We also create learning space through the kind of speech we utter and the silence from which true speech emanates. Speech is a precious gift and a vital too, but too often our speaking is an evasion of truth, a way of buttressing our self-serving reconstructions of reality. Silence must therefore be an integral part of learning space. In silence, more than in arguments, our mind made world falls away and we are open to the truth that seeks us. Words often divide us, but silence can unite. Finally, teachers must also create emotional space in the class-room, space that allows feelings to arise and be dealt with because submerged feelings can undermine learning. In an emotionally honest learning space, one created by a teacher who does not fear dealing with feelings, the community of truth can flourish between us and we can flourish in it.
Which of the following statements best describes the author's conception of learning space?
Where the teacher is friendly.
Where there is no grim competition for grades.
Where the students are encouraged to learn about space.
Where the teacher provides information and theories which open new doors and encourages students to help each other learn.
Question 2 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW THE RIGHT ANSWER]
We cannot have a space without boundaries.
Bounded space is highly structured.
When space boundaries are violated, the quality of space suffers.
A teacher can effectively defend a learning space without boundaries.
Question 3 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW THE RIGHT ANSWER]
it exposes our ignorance
our views and hypotheses are challenged
it involves criticizing the views of others
all of the above reasons
Question 4 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW THE RIGHT ANSWER]
psychological and conceptual levels
physical perceptual and behavioral levels
physical, conceptual and emotional levels
conceptual, verbal and sensitive levels
Question 5 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW THE RIGHT ANSWER]
silence helps to unite us with others to create a community of truth.
silent contemplation prepares us to construct our mind-made world
speaking is too often an exercise in the evasion of truth
speaking is too often a way of buttressing our self-serving reconstruction of reality
Question 6 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW THE RIGHT ANSWER]
feelings to arise within the learning space
silence to become an integral part of the learning space
learning space to be filled by speed-reading of several hundred pages of assigned reading.
violation of learning space boundaries.
Question 7 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW THE RIGHT ANSWER]
to acknowledge the beauty of a poetic metaphor.
exclusively rooted in our experiences of physical space.
to accept a spiritual dimension in our dealings with our peers.
to extend the parallel of physical space to our experiences in daily life.
Question 8 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW THE RIGHT ANSWER]
It is vital that learning be accompanied by unlearning.
Learning encompasses such elements as courage, dignity and endeavor.
An effective teacher recognizes the value of empathy.
Encourage good learners, discourage indifferent ones.
Question 9 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW THE RIGHT ANSWER]
assigned reading and lecturing.
speed reading and written comprehension.
gentle persuasion and deliberate action
creative extrapolation and illustrations.
Question 10 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW THE RIGHT ANSWER]
a teacher committed to join the community of truth.
a teacher who is not afraid of confronting feelings.
a teacher who takes care not to undermine the learning process.
a teacher who worships critical silence.