Reading comprehension questions answers for competitive exam
Question 1 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW THE RIGHT ANSWER]
Until a hundred years ago, as humans, we had a simple, uncomplicated biological connect. It was a straightforward equation: we drew roughly 3000 calories each of energy out of the Earth for our food and life's sustenance. Today that number per capita has grown to 100000 calories. We still need only 3000 calories each to nourish life itself. All the rest of this energy is what we extract from the Earth for everything else besides keeping ourselves alive. In some countries, like the US, this per capita number runs at over 200000 calories. Some of us are concerned about this. We fret over what we could - and should - really be doing to soften this abuse of resources. Little things fox us in the welter of things that we get to read. What is sustainable development? How can it be started at our homes? Beyond the ceremonial planting of green and getting people to run marathons of various lengths in support of the environment, is there more that we can add to the abstract value of 'sustainability'? What are the little things we can do in our day-to-day lives, to reduce demand for things that people make and market? Of course, we know that it helps to avoid a plastic bag when you can use a newspaper bag, or a brown bag, or even a jute bag which you can use for many more years unlike a plastic bag which you throwaway in less than a week or after a few uses. However, there's actually quite a bit more that you and I can do without compromise on comfort, with very little as cost incurred, with financial savings, that you can gain on energy and water use, and with solutions that are very feasible and within your reach. It is possible to understand our ecological footprint and its disastrous consequences, not merely in terms of our own behaviour as consumers, but really in terms of the impact on the environment we make.
What is the primary concern of the passage?
There is a need to save energy, to save our environment.
All of us should not only plant trees but also run the marathon
Use of plastic bags should be completely banned
We need to respect the Earth and consume less of its calories
Question 1 Explanation:
The main concern of the author is saving energy and saving environment.Increase in the amount of energy drawn from earth is only a part of the main idea highlighted in the passage. The author has talked about the need for sustainable development, and the need to understand that this abuse of energy and resources would lead to disastrous consequences. So, the right answer is option (A).
Question 2 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW THE RIGHT ANSWER]
Why does the author ask his audience to use a jute bag?
Jute bags look more trendy and stylish
It is the need of the hour, to save energy, to save our ecosystem
Using jute bags helps in consuming only 3000 calories from the Earth
They are quite durable and can be used more than once.
Question 2 Explanation:
According to the passage, using jute bags is one of the simplest ways of saving energy and avoiding the abuse of resources. It has been given as one of the things that can be done in day to day life to reduce the consumption of energy. This is why option (B) is the right answer.
Question 3 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW THE RIGHT ANSWER]
Why does the author mention the ceremonial planting of trees and marathons in support of the environment?
These activities helps in achieving the goal of sustainable development.
These activities are useless and do not contribute in saving resources.
These activities must be encouraged.
There is much beyond these activities, that needs to be done to save energy and resources.
Question 3 Explanation:
The answer can be inferred from lines- 'Beyond the ceremonial planting of green and getting people to run marathons of various lengths....'. It can be inferred that there is much beyond this that needs to be done to achieve sustainable development and to save energy and resources. So, the right answer is option (D)
Question 4 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW THE RIGHT ANSWER]
A suitable title to the passage could be
Lets Shift to Jute
How to Consume Few Calories?
Save Energy, Save the Earth!
The Earth Heading for a Disaster
Question 4 Explanation:
The author's main concern in the passage is saving the energy and saving the environment. So option (C ) is the answer.
There are 4 questions to complete.