Reading comprehension test 309

 

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Reading comprehension questions answers for competitive exam

Question 1
Few would have dreamt in their wildest dreams before the fateful May 11 and May 13, 1998 that the trundling elephant that India had all along been compared to in the western media would and could metamorphose overnight into a ferocious lion that could not only roar but charge and kill anyone daring to cast an evil eye. Few could have foretold that the five underground nuclear tests at the Pokhran range in Rajasthan in May 1998, catapulting this nation of 950 million people overnight into a superpower on its own, would send shock waves across Beijing, Islamabad, Washington, the European capitals and even Tokyo. The Buddha smiled once way back in 1974 and he smiled five times on May 11, 1998 on the Buddha Poornima Day and May 13 when India's Prime Minister proudly announced to the nation and the rest of the world about India venturing into the exclusive club of nuclear weapon states as part of the national security shield even as he congratulated the top scientists of India over their great achievement. India is a country wedded to peace and non-violence and her great sons like Lord Buddha, Ashoka and Gandhiji had been living examples to prove this gospel. But India as a self-respecting nation would not propagate the peace of the graveyard or the non-violence of the weak. It is a pity that our non-violence has been mistaken by many as our weakness and many assume that India is a nation of weak-willed people. Time and again, our leaders have reminded the world community that India has an inalienable right to defend its freedom, sovereignty and its ancient heritage and that it would take appropriate measures at the appropriate time to make its defence preparedness as strong as it could. No nation needs be apologetic, if it tries its best to defend its freedom. And a nation like India that has suffered centuries of foreign subjection has every right-more than any other nation to strengthen its defence. Moreover, India cannot take any chances when it lives in a hostile nuclear environment, with Pakistan receiving all sorts of smuggled nuclear and missile material from North Korea, China and other sources, and China itself having conducted several nuclear tests and armed herself to teeth.

In times of crises, India has to fall back upon its resources to defend itself, its hard-won freedom, its economic gains and its own ancient cultural legacy. It has had three wars with Pakistan and another disastrous war with China and both the countries are still in illegal occupation of Indian territory. India hopes that the smiling Buddha on May 11, 1998 would have conveyed the right message to the right quarters that evil designs on this country would not be tolerated. It was this logic, too, that prevented India from signing both NPT and CTBT treaties that are discriminatory in nature. When the present government came to power, they had announced that India would go nuclear. The decision of the government to go nuclear does not emanate from any kind of jingoism or sabre rattling mentality. It arises from the supreme concern to preserve the integrity of nation described by many of the detractors as a functioning anarchy. Far from it, India has conveyed to the rest of the world that it has the best brains that can excel the best in the world.

What is the passage about?

A
India becomes a nuclear power
B
Indo-Pak relations
C
Peaceful and non-violent policy of India
D
India and its neighboring countries
UPSC Questions answers
Question 1 Explanation: 
The whole passage talks about India as a nuclear power. All the other options can be seen in the passage but to qualify them as the main theme would be a very big mistake as they are very specific in nature and just find a mention in the passage and nothing more.
Question 2
As per the passage 'Buddha smiled five times' on/in I. May 11, 1998 II. May 13, 1998 III. 1974
A
I only
B
I and II
C
I and III
D
II and III
Arab culture Questions answers
Question 2 Explanation: 
Refer to the quoted line of the first paragraph '..The Buddha smiled once way back in 1974 and he smiled five times on May 11, 1998 on the Buddha Poornima Day and May 13 when India's Prime...'; the answer becomes self-evident, which is option (b).
Question 3
India's non-violence has been mistaken for
A
lack of willingness to fight
B
others' weakness
C
our weakness
D
our cultural legacy
GK Questions answers
Question 3 Explanation: 
The answer can be derived from the line '..It is a pity that our non-violence has been mistaken by many as our weakness and many assume that India is a nation of weak-willed people..' this line. So, option (c) becomes the obvious answer.
Question 4
Decision by the government to go nuclear is because of
A
some kind of jingoism
B
sabre rattling mentality
C
concern to preserve the integrity of the country
D
centuries of foreign subjection
Bank exam Questions answers
Question 4 Explanation: 
The answer can be taken from the concluding lines of the second paragraph. The lines are '..The decision of the government to go nuclear does not emanate from any kind of jingoism or sabre rattling mentality. It arises from the supreme concern to preserve the integrity of nation described by many of the detractors as a functioning anarchy..'. So, option (c) is the correct choice.
Question 5
According to the passage, India has the right to
A
strengthen its defence
B
fight with its neighbours
C
be hostile
D
send shock waves to the world
Public administration Questions answers
Question 5 Explanation: 
The answer can be found somewhere towards the end of the first paragraph and the lines are '.. that India is a nation of weak-willed people. Time and again, our leaders have reminded the world community that India has an inalienable right to defend its freedom, sovereignity and its ancient heritage and that it would take appropriate measures at the appropriate time to make its defence preparedness as strong as it could...'. So, option (a) is the apt choice.
There are 5 questions to complete.

 

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