## Research Aptitude MCQ QUESTION ANSWERS UGC NET

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Question 1 |

If an examiner, inadvertently, allows three minutes extra time to some subjects in the group on a test of intelligence used in a research, this will introduce in the experiment

Sampling error of random nature. | |

Measurement error of random nature. | |

Measurement error of constant nature. | |

Sampling error of constant nature. |

Question 2 |

Which tests are used in explanation of results?

Parametric tests | |

Non-parametric tests | |

Both of them | |

None of these. |

Question 3 |

Which of the following is classified in the category of the developmental research?

Philosophical research | |

Action research | |

Descriptive research | |

All the above |

Question 4 |

If the sample drawn does not specify any condition about the parameter of the population, it is called

Selected statistics | |

Distribution free statistics | |

Census | |

Non of the above |

Question 5 |

The meaning of the Historical method of research is

To employ scientific method in order to study the historical problems | |

To establish relationship between historical facts and current events | |

To make specific investigation of the past events | |

All the above |

Question 6 |

Which variable is deliberately manipulated by an experimenter to investigate its effect?

Confounding variable | |

Dependent variable | |

Extraneous variable | |

Independent variable |

Question 7 |

When every item in the universe has an equal chance of inclusion in the sample it is Called

systematic sampling | |

probability sampling | |

strata sampling | |

non. probability sampling |

Question 7 Explanation:

Probability sampling is also known as ‘random sampling’ or ‘chance sampling’. Under this sampling design, every item of the universe has an equal chance of inclusion in the sample. It is, so to say, a lottery method in which individual units are picked up from the whole group not deliberately but by some mechanical process. Here it is blind chance alone that determines whether one item or the other is selected. The results obtained from probability or random sampling can be assured in terms of probability i.e., we can measure the errors of estimation or the significance of results obtained from a random sample, and this fact brings out the superiority of random sampling design over the deliberate sampling design. Random sampling ensures the law of Statistical Regularity which states that if on an average the sample chosen is a random one, the sample will have the same composition and characteristics as the universe. This is the reason why random sampling is considered as the best technique of selecting a representative sample.In such a design, personal element has a great chance of entering into the selection of the sample. The investigator may select a sample which shall yield results favourable to his point of view and if that happens, the entire inquiry may get vitiated. Thus, there is always the danger of bias entering into this type of sampling technique. But in the investigators are impartial, work without bias and have the necessary experience so as to take sound judgement, the results obtained from an analysis of deliberately selected sample may be tolerably reliable. However, in such a sampling, there is no assurance that every element has some specifiable chance of being included. Sampling error in this type of sampling cannot be estimated and the element of bias, great or small, is always there. As such this sampling design in rarely adopted in large inquires of importance. However, in small inquiries and researches by individuals, this design may be adopted because of the relative advantage of time and money inherent in this method of sampling. Quota sampling is also an example of non-probability sampling. Under quota sampling the interviewers are simply given quotas to be filled from the different strata, with some restrictions on how they are to be filled. In other words, the actual selection of the items for the sample is left to the interviewer’s discretion. This type of sampling is very convenient and is relatively inexpensive. But the samples so selected certainly do not possess the characteristic of random samples. Quota samples are essentially judgement samples and inferences drawn on their basis are not amenable to statistical treatment in a formal way.

Question 8 |

Which scientific method focuses on testing hypotheses developed from theories?

Pattern method | |

Deductive method | |

Inductive method | |

Hypothesis method |

Question 9 |

The historical research is different from experimental research in the process of

replication | |

formulation of hypothesis | |

hypothesis testing | |

All of the above |

Question 10 |

Ethics is the set of principles and guidelines that help us to uphold the things we value.

True | |

False | |

Neither True nor False just a statement | |

None of the above |

Question 11 |

The main part of the research is

Title page | |

Trunk region | |

Posterior region | |

All the above parts |

Question 12 |

Which of the following statements is false?

Discrete variables allow measurement of an infinite number of fractions of units of measurement. | |

Discrete variables can only have whole number values. | |

Continuous numbers can only have whole number values. | |

Continuous measures do not allow for scores that fall between two number values. |

Question 13 |

Who said, Statistics has been defined as"The Science of Counting"?

R. A. Fisher. | |

Bowley | |

Galton | |

Stephen King |

Question 14 |

The steps of Historical Research are given in jumbled state as following

- Identification and Definition of Problem
- Collection of Data
- Interpretation of Data
- Criticism of Data

4, 3, 2, 1 | |

1, 2, 3, 4 | |

1, 2, 4, 3 | |

2, 1, 3, 4 |

Question 15 |

The general feature of an article is

These are exhibiting critical study of specific subject-matter of the discipline | |

The research articles build the basic structure of all theoretical researches | |

The research articles have uniform pat-tern in order to enhance communicability | |

All of the above |

Question 16 |

Which is not a characteristic of Science?

Science uses quantitative methods. | |

Science is based on facts | |

Science employs hypothesis | |

Science is not free from emotional bias |

There are 16 questions to complete.