Research aptitude set 15

By | September 9, 2017

Research Aptitude MCQ QUESTION ANSWERS UGC NET

Question 1
If an examiner, inadvertently, allows three minutes extra time to some subjects in the group on a test of intelligence used in a research, this will introduce in the experiment
A
Sampling error of random nature.
B
Measurement error of random nature.
C
Measurement error of constant nature.
D
Sampling error of constant nature.
Question 2
Which tests are used in explanation of results?
A
Parametric tests
B
Non-parametric tests
C
Both of them
D
None of these.
Question 3
Which of the following is classified in the category of the developmental research?
A
Philosophical research
B
Action research
C
Descriptive research
D
All the above
Question 4
If the sample drawn does not specify any condition about the parameter of the population, it is called
A
Selected statistics
B
Distribution free statistics
C
Census
D
Non of the above
Question 5
The meaning of the Historical method of research is
A
To employ scientific method in order to study the historical problems
B
To establish relationship between historical facts and current events
C
To make specific investigation of the past events
D
All the above
Question 6
Which variable is deliberately manipulated by an experimenter to investigate its effect?
A
Confounding variable
B
Dependent variable
C
Extraneous variable
D
Independent variable
Question 7
When every item in the universe has an equal chance of inclusion in the sample it is Called
A
systematic sampling
B
probability sampling
C
strata sampling
D
non. probability sampling
Question 7 Explanation: 
Probability sampling is also known as ‘random sampling’ or ‘chance sampling’. Under this sampling design, every item of the universe has an equal chance of inclusion in the sample. It is, so to say, a lottery method in which individual units are picked up from the whole group not deliberately but by some mechanical process. Here it is blind chance alone that determines whether one item or the other is selected. The results obtained from probability or random sampling can be assured in terms of probability i.e., we can measure the errors of estimation or the significance of results obtained from a random sample, and this fact brings out the superiority of random sampling design over the deliberate sampling design. Random sampling ensures the law of Statistical Regularity which states that if on an average the sample chosen is a random one, the sample will have the same composition and characteristics as the universe. This is the reason why random sampling is considered as the best technique of selecting a representative sample.In such a design, personal element has a great chance of entering into the selection of the sample. The investigator may select a sample which shall yield results favourable to his point of view and if that happens, the entire inquiry may get vitiated. Thus, there is always the danger of bias entering into this type of sampling technique. But in the investigators are impartial, work without bias and have the necessary experience so as to take sound judgement, the results obtained from an analysis of deliberately selected sample may be tolerably reliable. However, in such a sampling, there is no assurance that every element has some specifiable chance of being included. Sampling error in this type of sampling cannot be estimated and the element of bias, great or small, is always there. As such this sampling design in rarely adopted in large inquires of importance. However, in small inquiries and researches by individuals, this design may be adopted because of the relative advantage of time and money inherent in this method of sampling. Quota sampling is also an example of non-probability sampling. Under quota sampling the interviewers are simply given quotas to be filled from the different strata, with some restrictions on how they are to be filled. In other words, the actual selection of the items for the sample is left to the interviewer’s discretion. This type of sampling is very convenient and is relatively inexpensive. But the samples so selected certainly do not possess the characteristic of random samples. Quota samples are essentially judgement samples and inferences drawn on their basis are not amenable to statistical treatment in a formal way.
Question 8
Which scientific method focuses on testing hypotheses developed from theories?
A
Pattern method
B
Deductive method
C
Inductive method
D
Hypothesis method
Question 9
The historical research is different from experimental research in the process of
A
replication
B
formulation of hypothesis
C
hypothesis testing
D
All of the above
Question 10
Ethics is the set of principles and guidelines that help us to uphold the things we value.
A
True
B
False
C
Neither True nor False just a statement
D
None of the above
Question 11
The main part of the research is
A
Title page
B
Trunk region
C
Posterior region
D
All the above parts
Question 12
Which of the following statements is false?
A
Discrete variables allow measurement of an infinite number of fractions of units of measurement.
B
Discrete variables can only have whole number values.
C
Continuous numbers can only have whole number values.
D
Continuous measures do not allow for scores that fall between two number values.
Question 13
Who said, Statistics has been defined as"The Science of Counting"?
A
R. A. Fisher.
B
Bowley
C
Galton
D
Stephen King
Question 14
The steps of Historical Research are given in jumbled state as following
  1. Identification and Definition of Problem
  2. Collection of Data
  3. Interpretation of Data
  4. Criticism of Data
The correct alternative which is representing these steps in relevant arrangement is
A
4, 3, 2, 1
B
1, 2, 3, 4
C
1, 2, 4, 3
D
2, 1, 3, 4
Question 15
The general feature of an article is
A
These are exhibiting critical study of specific subject-matter of the discipline
B
The research articles build the basic structure of all theoretical researches
C
The research articles have uniform pat-tern in order to enhance communicability
D
All of the above
Question 16
Which is not a characteristic of Science?
A
Science uses quantitative methods.
B
Science is based on facts
C
Science employs hypothesis
D
Science is not free from emotional bias
There are 16 questions to complete.

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