## Research Aptitude MCQ QUESTION ANSWERS UGC NET

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Question 1 |

A group of researchers do a study where children from particular classrooms are assigned to treatment or control conditions. After the study, the researcher finds out that the students in the control group are higher achievers than those in the experimental group. He found no treatment effect. The failure to find an effect may be due to:

A maturation effect | |

A testing effect | |

A treatment effect | |

A differential selection effect |

Question 2 |

Why is research important in social sciences?

To bring out solutions to business problems | |

To find out solutions for the problems of the Government | |

To come out with solutions to social problems | |

To find out solutions for the problems of the individuals |

Question 3 |

The meaning of the Historical method of research is

To employ scientific method in order to study the historical problems | |

To establish relationship between historical facts and current events | |

To make specific investigation of the past events | |

All the above |

Question 4 |

Which of the following are the characteristics of a seminar?

- It is a form of academic instruction.
- It involves questioning, discussion and debates.
- It involves large groups of individuals.
- It needs involvement of skilled persons.

(b) and (c) | |

(b) and (d) | |

(b), (c) and (d) | |

(a), (b) and (d) |

Question 5 |

The posttest-only design with nonequivalent groups is likely to control for which of the following threats to internal validity

History | |

Differential selection | |

Additive and interactive effects | |

Differential attrition |

Question 6 |

Hypothesis testing and estimation are the two key branches of the field of inferential statistics?

True | |

False | |

Neither True nor False just a statement | |

None of the above |

Question 7 |

The method of research may be selected on the basis of

Purpose of research. | |

Type of control. | |

Source of data. | |

All of the above |

Question 8 |

Which tests are used in explanation of results?

Parametric tests | |

Non-parametric tests | |

Both of them | |

None of the above. |

Question 9 |

Level of significance means the probability of

Accepting the null hypothesis. | |

Accepting the research hypothesis. | |

Rejecting the null hypothesis. | |

Rejecting the research hypothesis. |

Question 10 |

........ results if you fail to reject the null hypothesis when the null hypothesis is actually false

Type II error | |

Type III error | |

Type IV error | |

Type I error |

Question 11 |

Problem is-

Obstacle in the way of needs | |

Suggested question for a problem | |

An interrogative question | |

All of the above |

Question 12 |

Sampling which provides for a known non zero chance of selection is

analysis | |

Probability sampling | |

multiple Choice | |

Non probability sampling |

Question 13 |

Generally a scientist's observations related to Experiment and Testing are based on

Scientific principles | |

Self-imagination | |

House old rules | |

Self-experiences |

Question 14 |

Action research is

An applied research | |

A longitudinal research | |

Simulative research | |

A research carried out to solve immediate problems |

Question 15 |

Which of the following is not correct about ex-post-facto research?

The dependent variable is measured first, and after that the independent variable or variables are studied | |

It is possible to exercise much rigorous control in this and obtain highly valid results | |

It is not possible in this research to assign the subjects to the treatment groups randomly | |

It provides support for any number of different and sometimes contradictory hypothesis. |

Question 16 |

Which of the following is an example of deception in business research?

The obtaining of company material without permission. | |

The researcher wearing a disguise during an observation. | |

The researcher failing to ask permission to interview someone. | |

The researcher representing their research as being about a different topic |

There are 16 questions to complete.