What are the barriers to effective communication?
Dialogue, summary and self-review.
Personal statements, eye contact and simple narration.
Use of simple words, cool reaction and defensive attitude.
Moralising, being judgemental and comments of consolation.
Question 1 Explanation:
Common Barriers to Effective Communication:
- The use of jargon. Over-complicated, unfamiliar and/or technical terms.
- Emotional barriers and taboos. Some people may find it difficult to express their emotions and some topics may be completely 'off-limits' or taboo. Taboo or difficult topics may include, but are not limited to, politics, religion, disabilities (mental and physical), sexuality and sex, racism and any opinion that may be seen as unpopular.
- Lack of attention, interest, distractions, or irrelevance to the receiver. (See our page Barriers to Effective Listening for more information).
- Differences in perception and viewpoint.
- Physical disabilities such as hearing problems or speech difficulties.
- Physical barriers to non-verbal communication. Not being able to see the non-verbal cues, gestures, posture and general body language can make communication less effective. Phone calls, text messages and other communication methods that rely on technology are often less effective than face-to-face communication.
- Language differences and the difficulty in understanding unfamiliar accents.
- Expectations and prejudices which may lead to false assumptions or stereotyping. People often hear what they expect to hear rather than what is actually said and jump to incorrect conclusions. Our page The Ladder of Inference explains this in more detail.
- Cultural differences. The norms of social interaction vary greatly in different cultures, as do the way in which emotions are expressed. For example, the concept of personal space varies between cultures and between different social settings. See our page on Intercultural Awareness for more information.
Which among the following gives more freedom to the learner to interact?
Use of film
Small group discussion
Lectures by experts
Viewing country-wide classroom programme on TV
Question 2 Explanation:
Why use small group discussion?
- Students enjoy it
- It allows active involvement by everyone
- The shy and less articulate are more able to contribute
- Students learn from each other
- Everyone gets more practice at expressing their ideas
- A two way discussion is almost always more creative than individual thoughts
- Social skills are practiced in a 'safe' environment e.g. tolerance, cooperation
- Discussion is essential to clarify arguments for a topic where there are no 'right answers'
- Make sure that the task is clear and has definite product which has to be communicated back.
- Make sure they have enough knowledge and resources to complete the task.
- Don't let it run for too long. Some groups will stray off task.
- Drop in on groups for short periods with support or challenge as appropriate.
- Make sure that seating allows everyone in the group to see each other, best round a table not side by side.
- Do not allow one group to become too noisy. They will attract interest from other groups, who will then lose their own identity.
- Normally groups work best with friends because they trust them but be prepared to break up groups which are not working. Some members will be pleased.
- Allow time for feedback at the end and value the contributions of all groups.
The English word 'Communication' is derived from the words
Communist and Commune
Communis and Communicare
Communism and Communalism
Communion and Common sense
Education is a powerful instrument of:
All the above
The statement by the then Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi that a new education would made so as to "Prepare Indians for the 21st Century in the year
The theory of learning associated with connectionism was propounded by
Over all activities of an institution
The base on which the subject activities and experience are planned is called:
If a student does not pay any respect to you, then you will
award less marks in examination
talk to his/her parents
Nehru School of Sports in Haryana is located at
Which of the following statement is correct?
Objectives are to be stated in Chapter I of the Thesis
In research, objectives can be worded in statement form.
In research, objectives can be worded in questionform.
All of the above
Research problem is selected from the stand point of:
Availability of relevant literature
Dan is one of two students in Ms. Kane’s fifth-grade class under the "least-restrictive environment'' provision. Dan has a very limited attention span and says he usually cannot follow what is going on in class. One of the IEP objectives for Dan is "Given a 10–12 minute lecture/oral lesson, Dan will take appropriate notes as judged by the teacher. '' Which of the following strategies has the best potential to help Dan meet this goal by the end of the year?
Ms. Kane grades Dan’s notes on lecture/oral lesson material and incorporates the grade into Dan’s overall class grade.
Ms. Kane allows Dan to tape-record the lecture/ oral lesson, rather than taking notes, and then listen to the tape at home to learn the material.
Ms. Kane provides Dan with a graphic organizer, or a skeleton outline, of the lecture so Dan can fill in the missing information as it is provided.
Ms. Kane seats Dan with a student he says he likes and allows Dan to ask that student questions as the lecture/oral lesson proceeds.
The play of children in the technique commonly applied by the psychologist in
Distracting attention of children
All of the above
Our social institutions are frequently in conflict with one another. Which is not the possible reason?
They are established by people for meeting their needs
They are so complex that they are only partially understood by many people
People's points of view with regard to their functioning or value may vary greatly
Different individuals and groups with different needs are associated with them for quite different reasons
Intelligence testing is useful for knowing..........
All of these
Of the following learning theories, the one that embodies the idea that the learning takes place through insight is known as
There are 17 questions to complete.