The Victorian Novel

The Victorian Novel

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Question 46 [CLICK ON ANY COICE TO KNOW RIGHT ANSWER]
Using concepts drawn from physiognomy, early eugenics, psychiatry and Social Darwinism, Cesare Lombroso's theory of anthropological criminology essentially stated that:
A
no one can ever be certain about criminal intent, not even the criminal him/herself.
B
"man is a calculating animal, " in the causes of criminal behavior, premised on the idea that people have free will in making decisions, and that punishment can be a deterrent for crime.
C
this was the mechanism that had allowed monarchies to become the primary form of government. He concluded that monarchs had asserted the right to rule and enforced it either through an exercise in raw power, or through a form of contract.
D
criminality was inherited, and that someone "born criminal" could be identified by physical defects, which confirmed a criminal as savage, or atavistic.
Question 47 [CLICK ON ANY COICE TO KNOW RIGHT ANSWER]
Clashes like the Crimean War did not produce much fiction, but did still influence novelists. Which of the following books was most influenced by the war in Crimea?
A
Mysteries of Udolpho
B
Bleak House
C
Jane Eyre
D
Dracula
Question 48 [CLICK ON ANY COICE TO KNOW RIGHT ANSWER]
Like the "condition-of-England" novels, the governess novel often involves problems of social class. Which of the following explains why the position of governess lends itself to a novel of class critique?
A
The governess was often much better educated than her employers.
B
The governess was in the same class as her employers, and she was treated as one of the family. This demonstrated the benevolence of the middle class, which was a model of equality and domesticity.
C
The servants and the governess were generally of the same class and yet had full control of the upper-class children, playing upon the fears of class uprising among the merchant and business classes.
D
The only occupation at which an unmarried middle-class woman could earn a living and maintain some claim to gentility was that of a governess, but a governess could expect employment insecurity, minimal wages, and an ambiguous status, somewhere between servant and family member, that isolated her within the household.
Question 49 [CLICK ON ANY COICE TO KNOW RIGHT ANSWER]
Some of the tropes of gothic fiction employed by Victorians include:
A
scientific discovery, narratives of progress, and a focus on positivism.
B
colonies, foreigners, the arts, and beautiful scenery.
C
psychological and physical terror; mystery and the supernatural; madness, doubling, and heredity curses.
D
empire building, the East India Trading Company, merchant stories, and often pirates.
Question 50 [CLICK ON ANY COICE TO KNOW RIGHT ANSWER]
The Divorce and Matrimonial Causes Act and its later permutation in 1891:
A
permitted women limited divorce capability.
B
allowed married women to retain and control their earned income.
C
denied men conjugal rights to their wives' bodies without their wives' consent.
D
Both A and C
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