Teaching aptitude MCQ questions set 1

By | September 7, 2017

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Teaching aptitude.

Question 1
The enrolment in higher education in India is contributed both by Formal System of Education and by System of Distance Education. Distance education contributes.
A
25% of formal system
B
Distance education system's contribution is not taken into account while considering the figures of enrolment in higher education
C
10% of the formal system
D
50% of formal system
Question 1 Explanation: 
25% of Indian students covered by distance education. The Open Distance Learning (ODL) system, also known as Distance Education (DE) system, has evolved as one of the effective modes of education and training as the overall annual growth in enrollment between 1975-76 and 2008-09 was 5.6% for the conventional system, while it was 16.3% in the ODL system. In fact, the enrollment in distance education has been increasing approximately at the rate of more than 10% in last two decades. Enrollment in Open Universities (OUs) and Distance Education Institutions (DEI) has increased steadily at a higher pace than in conventional programmes. According to the report of a seven-member committee headed by NR Madhava Menon, the share of distance education increased from 2.6% in 1975-76 to 8.9% in 1985-86 and further improved to 10.7% in 1990-91 and to 20.56% in 2008-09. At present, close to 24% of all enrollments are in the ODL system and growing fast because of the reach of this mode and the opportunities it gives to those who are already employed and seek to enhance their qualifications, Prof V N Rajasekharan Pillai, former vice chancellor of IGNOU and member of the committee told FE.   https://www.financialexpress.com/archive/25-of-indian-students-covered-by-distance-education-study/945204/
Question 2
Which one of the following is not a quality of teacher?
A
Teacher must be fair tin grading and marking.
B
Teacher should maintain an autocratic atmosphere in the class.
C
He/she should have interest in his/her profession and knowledge must be updated.
D
Teacher should use modern techniques. Methods and gadgets are teaching for better understanding of subject matter.
Question 2 Explanation: 
Teaching Style and Classroom Management Dr. Thomas W. Phelan, ParentMagic Newsletter, Special Teachers' Edition, July 2005 The process of maintaining a calm and productive classroom environment starts with the teacher. The action and attitudes of a teacher toward a student who is misbehaving can make the situation better or worse. Have you ever noticed that on a day that you are not feeling well, the students are more poorly behaved? Students look to the teacher for consistency and safety in the classroom. Some kids will become anxious and withdraw if it appears that a teacher cannot handle behavior problems. Other students, however, will retaliate if they feel a teacher is overreacting to a situation in a hostile and unnecessary way. Effective Teachers are Both Warm and Demanding: Teachers manifest different personalities and teaching styles in the classroom and it is helpful to categorize these approaches in terms of some basic dimensions. It has been said that good teachers are both warm and demanding. Being warm means caring and emotional support for students. Being demanding—in the good sense—means expecting something from your kids, both in terms of academic work and behavior. Depending on whether the warm and demanding switches are in the “OFF” or “ON” positions, we can describe four fundamental teaching styles. Authoritarian: Demanding ON, Warm OFF: Teachers in this category are quick to “jump” on every behavior that is not acceptable in the classroom. Support and positive reinforcement, however, are rare. The authoritarian teacher may use a loud voice to get the attention of her students. She may act shocked and angry when students don’t follow her directives. The “benefit” of this style is that the teacher frequently gets the immediate compliance from her students. The cost of the authoritarian style includes student anxiety and minimal long-term positive effects. No student enjoys a teacher’s yelling. Although kids may comply out of fear, this teaching technique rarely produces behavioral changes that last over time. Permissive: Demanding OFF, Warm ON: Teachers in this category are often “too nice.” They want students to like them and they want to be helpful, so they are warm and supportive but not very good at setting limits. Permissive teachers may focus on effort while de-emphasizing the quality of students’ productions. Disruptive behavior may be ignored or handled with weak, soft-spoken “reprimands” or pleading. While warmth and support are good qualities, students still appreciate discipline even if they don’t show it. The cost of the permissive style is a classroom that is out of control. Constructive learning does not flow well. While students may describe a permissive teacher as “nice and easy”, when push comes to shove they do not feel that they can trust her to take care of problem situations. Detached: Demanding OFF, Warm OFF: The detached teacher tends to be neither warm nor demanding. She may sit at her desk when students are working or grade papers when “supervising” the playground. Students who need extra emotional support do not get it from her, and students who need firm behavioral limits do not get that either. The detached teacher may miss important “warning signs” from students who are having trouble, academically or behaviorally. Other students may withdraw and feel unimportant. And still other kids may increase acting-out behavior. Authoritative: Demanding ON, Warm ON: The authoritative teacher is the ideal, though this approach is easier said than done! This teacher has a positive, kind and supportive relationship with her students, but they know when she “means business.” Because she has an effective discipline plan and her classroom is orderly, the students trust her and respect her. There is more time for academics. This teacher feels empowered and energized because she sees positive growth and development in her students. Her students feel safe as well as capable.  https://www.bridges4kids.org/articles/2005/8-05/Phelan7-05.html
Question 3
Navodaya Schools have been established to.....
A
provide good education in rural areas
B
check wastage of education in rural areas
C
complete 'Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan'
D
increase number of school in rural areas
Question 3 Explanation: 
The Navodaya Vidyalaya system is an unique experiment unparalleled in the annals of school education in India and elsewhere. Its significance lies in the selection of talented rural children as the target group and the attempt to provide them with quality education comparable to the best in a residential school system. Such children are found in all sections of society, and in all areas including the most backward.
Question 4
In today's society school should give
A
Ornamental base
B
Vocational base
C
Both A & B
D
None of the above
Question 5
"Education is the most powerful factor in making men modern''. This was said by
A
Robert C. Williamson
B
Alex Inkeles
C
M. S. Gore
D
Margaret L. Cormack
Question 5 Explanation: 
In his paper "Making Men Modern: On the Causes and Consequences of Individual Change in Six Developing Countries", Alex Inkeles quoted that "Education is the most powerful factor in making men modern, but occupational experience in large-scale organizations, and especially in factory work, makes a significant contribution in "schooling" men in modern attitudes and in teaching them to act like modern men. Those who come from very traditional backgrounds and receive little formal schooling can, under the right circumstances, still become modern in adult life. Modern men in developing countries not only have modern attitudes, but they can be shown to behave differently. Despite popular impressions to the contrary, exposure to the influence of migration and modern institutions does not lead to psychic distress."
Question 6
Liberation, according to Jaina philosophy, is
A
Freedom of matter
B
Freedom from Karma
C
Freedom from life and death
D
All of these
Question 6 Explanation: 
Moksha is the 9th fundamental element of Jain Tattvas. Moksha means liberation from the bondages of karmas. So to go to moksha or to be liberated one has to get rid of all eight karmas. When Mohniya, Jnanavarniya, Darshnavaraniya and Antaray karmas are removed completely, the soul exhibits it true nature by surfacing Kevalgnan or Omniscience; Kevaldarshan or Omnivison; Vitrag, and Omnipotentness. At this time there is no more attachment or haltered for anyone or for any activity. And, at the time of ending of current life one would completely get rid of rest of the four karmas, namely Nam, Gotra, Vedniya and Ayushya karmas and one's soul would obtain Moksha. Once soul obtains Moksha, it stops wandering in this universe and is free from the cycle of birth and death. Moksha is also known as salvation or liberation. Just as balloon tied with heavy weight will sink in swimming pool, but as soon as the weight is removed balloon will come to the surface; in the same way when soul is freed from the bondage of all karmas, soul in its natural form moves upward to the top of universe and reaches to Shiddha‑shila or abode of the liberated souls. The ultimate goal of anybody who follows the path of Jin will be one to attain Moksha just as Mahavir, other Tirtahnkars and Jins did it.   http://www.jainworld.com/philosophy/liberation.asp
Question 7
The theory of Naya is based upon
A
Ekantvada
B
Anekantvada
C
Both A and B
D
None of these
Question 7 Explanation: 
 

The Theory of Nayavada

Nayavada or the theory of partial truth is an integral part of the conception of Anekantavada, Which is essential to concieve the sole nature of reality (vastu nayati prapayati samved-anakotimarohati). It provides for the acceptance of different viewpoints on the basis that each reveals a partial truth about an object. Naya investigates analytically a particular standpoint of the problem.55 But if the problem is treated as the complete truth, it is not Naya, but Durnaya or Nayabhasa or Kunaya. For instance, it is is Naya, and it is and is only is durnaya, while "it is relatively (syat)" is an example of Syadvada56.

Nayas can be as many as there are ways of speaking about a thing. This infinite number of nayas has been reduced to seven, viz. Naigama (figurative), (ii) Sangrha (general or common), (iii) Vyavahare (distributive), (iv) Rijusutra (the actual condition at a particular instant for a long time), (v) Sabda (descriptive), (vi) Samabhirudha (specific), and (vii) evansbhuta (active). The first four nayas are Sabdanayas and the rest are the Artha Nayas, for thoughts and words are the only means by which the mind can approach reality. These seven Nayas have been also divided into two categories, Dravyarthika or Samanya (noumenallor intellectual intuition relating to the substance), and Paryayarthika or Visesa (phenomenal view relating to the modifications of substances). The first three nayas are connected with the former division and the rest with the latter. In the scriptural language these are named the Niscayanaya (real standpoint) and the Vyavharanaya (prartical standpoint). The Tattvarthavartika (1.33) mentions the Drvyastika and the Paryayastika in place of drvyarthika and paryayarthika.

As regards nayabhasa, the Nyaya-Vaisesika systems are called in Naigamabhasa, as they hold the absolute distincition in the characters of a thing. The Sankhya and the Advaita schools are enumerated under the Sangrahabhasa, the Carvaka under the Vyavharnayabhasa, the Buddhist conception of Ksanabhangavada in the Rjusutranayabhasa, the Samabhirudhanayabhasa and so on. 

The theory of Naya in Buddhist literature

Pali literature indicates some of the characteristics of Nayavada, The Buddha mentions ten possible ways of claiming knowledge in the course of addressing the Kalamas. The ten (i) anussavena, (ii) paramparaya, (iii) itikiraya, (iv) pitakasampadaya (v) bhavyarupataya (vi) samano na guru, (vii) takkihetu, (viii) nayahetu, (ix) akaraparivitakkena, and (x) ditthinijjhanakkhantiya.58 Out of these, the eighth way, viz. Nayahetu is more important for our study. Here Naya is a method of statement which leads a meaning to a particular judgment.59 The Jataka says that the wise man draws a particular standpoint.60 In about the same meaning. Naya is used in Jaina philosophy, as we have already seen. This Nayahetu of Buddhism appears to indicate the Jaina influence of Naya, and it would have been made a part of its own in the form of two types of Saccas, viz. Sammutisacca and the Paramatthasacca,61 which are used in about the same sense as Paryayarthikanaya and Dravyarthikanaya or Vyavaharanaya and Niscayanaya. The words Sunaya and Dunnaya are also found in Buddhism used in identical way.62

The Suttanipata indicates that the Sammutisacca was accepted as a common theory of Recluses and the Brahamanas,63 and the Paramatthasacca was treated as the highest goal.64 These two Saccas are characterised as Nitattha (having a a direct meaning) and Neyyattha (having an indirect meaning).65 The Commentary on the Anguttara Nikaya says that there is no third truth (tatiyam n'upalabbhti). Sammuti (conventional statement) is true because of convention and Paramattha is true because of indicating the true characteristics of realties :

Duve saccani akkhasi Sambuddho vadatam varo.

Sammutim paramatthanca tatiyam n' upalabbhati.

Paramatthavavanam saccam dhammanam tathalakkhanam.66

On the other hand, it is also said that there is only one truth, not second (ekam hi saccam na dutiyamatthi).67 This contradictory statement appears to give the impression that even in Buddhism the nature of things is considered through some sort of relativistic standpoint which is similar to the theory of Nayavada of Jainism,

Buddhlsm was aware of the conception of the Nayavada of Jainism, since the Anguttara Nikaya refers to the several Paccekasaccas (individual truths) of the several recluses and Brahmanas. If it is so, the conception of Paccekasacca (Partial truth) of Buddhism is definitely influenced by the Nayavada of Jainism. There is no doubt that Jainism founded this theory earlier than Buddhism. 

Question 8
The statement "the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer Hardware'' refers to
A
Artificial Intelligence (AI)
B
Information Technology (IT)
C
Information and Data Technology (IDT)
D
Information and Collaborative Technology (ICT)
Question 8 Explanation: 
 

Information technology (IT) is "the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware." IT deals with the use of electronic computers and computer software to convert, store, protect, process, transmit, and securely retrieve information.

Today, the term information technology has ballooned to encompass many aspects of computing and technology, and the term has become very recognizable. The information technology umbrella can be quite large, covering many fields. IT professionals perform a variety of duties that range from installing applications to designing complex computer networks and information databases. A few of the duties that IT professionals perform may include data management, networking, engineering computer hardware, database and software design, as well as the management and administration of entire systems.

When computer and communications technologies are combined, the result is information technology, or "infotech". Information technologyis a general term that describes any technology that helps to produce, manipulate, store, communicate, and/or disseminate information. Presumably, when speaking of Information Technology (IT) as a whole, it is noted that the use of computers and information are associated.

Question 9
In Indian philosophy the theory of error has been mostly utilised in the field of
A
Axiology
B
Metaphysics
C
Epistemology
D
All of these
Question 9 Explanation: 
The branch of mathematical statistics devoted to the inference of accurate conclusions about the numerical values of approximately measured quantities, as well as on the errors in the measurements. Repeated measurements of one and the same constant quantity generally give different results, since every measurement contains a certain error. There are three basic types of error: systematic, gross and random. Systematic errors always either overestimate or underestimate the results of measurements and arise for specific reasons (incorrect set-up of measuring equipment, the effect of environment, etc.), which systematically affect the measurements and alter them in one direction. The estimation of systematic errors is achieved using methods which go beyond the confines of mathematical statistics (see Processing of observations). Gross errors (often called outliers) arise from miscalculations, incorrect reading of the measuring equipment, etc. The results of measurements which contain gross errors differ greatly from other results of measurements and are therefore often easy to identify. Random errors arise from various reasons which have an unforeseen effect on each of the measurements, both in overestimating and in underestimating results.
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18 thoughts on “Teaching aptitude MCQ questions set 1

      1. prasad ingawale

        sir please tell me the answer you had given to Q.no 6: A teacher can establish rapport with his students by … impressing the students by knowledge and skills. i think the 4 th option is more better

        Reply
  1. Shainoor

    Its good….but how will i come 2 know whether my ans is correct or not……plzzz give answer key also

    Reply
  2. Dr.PREMJEET SHEKHAR

    Hello this is good approach of practice but how vl I get complete practice set this only ten

    Reply
  3. sivaramakrishna k

    thanku very much sir, i am preparing for net in managament, regarding this could you upload any material sir.

    Reply
  4. Alok Kumar Sahoo

    wow..This is a mind blowing site…it is very helpful for students …I like it

    Reply
  5. Monika Bhatt

    I don’t understand teaching aptitude but with the help of these sets i might get it. . .
    Thnks sir for posting such sets for helping students.
    I got 8/9

    Reply

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