UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 30

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UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 30

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Question 46 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
Consider the following statements about Bioremediation Technology. 1. Bioremediation is the use of living microorganisms to degrade the environmental contaminants into less toxic forms. 2. One of the advantages of Bioremediation is that it is effective in all environmental conditions.
  1. Genetic engineering can be used to create microorganisms specifically designed for bioremediation.
  2. Any contaminant with heavy metals such as cadmium and lead can be readily and completely treated by bioremediation using microorganisms.
Which of the above statements is/are incorrect?
A
1, 3
B
2, 4
C
1, 3, 4
D
1, 2, 4
English grammar Questions answers
Question 46 Explanation: 

  • Bioremediation is the use of living microorganisms to degrade the environmental contaminants into less toxic forms.
  • Bioremediation can be effective only where environmental conditions permit microbial growth and activity.
  • Statement 3: This will be a standard practice in the industry in coming years. For e.g. Alcanivorax, a bacteria with oil-eating abilities, can be used to create species that are much more capable of cleaning oil spills.
  • Bio-remediation is a slow process, so. Heavy metals such as cadmium and lead are NOT readily absorbed or captured by microorganisms.
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Question 47 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
With reference to Pharmacovigilance Programme of India (PvPI), consider the following statement. 1) It is launched by World Health Organisation. 2) The main function of PvPI is monitoring the Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR) efficiently by setting up various Adverse Drug Reaction Monitoring Centres Select the statement which is/are correct.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
Both 1 and 2 only
D
Neither 1 and 2
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Question 47 Explanation: 
Pharmacovigilance is a crucial part of drug development process which helps in assessing any drugs adverse event profile. Years after the start of WHO's International Drug Monitoring Programme, Government of India launched the Pharmacovigilance Programme of India (PvPI) in 2010. The main function of PvPI is monitoring the Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR) efficiently by setting up various Adverse Drug Reaction Monitoring Centres (AMC) across India and training personnel who can perform this function. PvPI has played an important role in generating awareness amongst healthcare professionals (HCPs) about the importance and the process of reporting ADRs which has led to a multifold increase in ADR reporting
Question 48 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
Which of the following was the main objective of launching Jan Dhan Yojana?
A
Social inclusion
B
Financial Literacy
C
Financial Inclusion
D
Promote spending
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Question 48 Explanation: 
Jan Dhan Yojana was launched in 2014. It was a flagship scheme of the government to promote Financial inclusion.It has led to the opening of nearly 29.6 crore accounts in the last three years, 17.7 crore of which are in rural areas and 11.9 crore in urban areas. The number of RuPay cards has increased to 22.7 crore.Financial inclusion is the process of ensuring access to financial services, and timely and adequate credit where needed, by vulnerable groups, such as weaker sections and low-income groups, at an affordable cost. Financial inclusion would provide universal access to a wide range of financial services beyond banking, such as insurance and equity products.
Question 49 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
'Progress Panchayat', launched recently, is a campaign to
A
Educate people in villages about the government's efforts in eradication of Open Defecation, and make attempts at behavioural change.
B
Realise former President Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam's vision of transformation of rural India.
C
Reach out to minorities, particularly Muslims, to create awareness among them about the government's policies and programmes.
D
Create awareness among the rural populace about government policies and programmes.
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Question 49 Explanation: 

September 29th, 2016: "The Narendra Modi government will on Thursday launch Progress Panchayat, a campaign to reach out to the minorities, particularly Muslims, to create awareness in these communities about the government's policies and programmes and remove "fears and misconceptions" about the government."

http://www.business-standard.com/article/politics/modi-govt-to-launch-progress-panchayat-for-minorities-today-116092801086_1.html

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Improvisation: http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=153312

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Question 50 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
ISRO's 'Rohini' series of rockets are classified as
A
Sounding Rockets
B
Augmented Satellite Launch Vehicles
C
Polar Satellite Launch Vehicles
D
Reusable Launch Vehicles
NTA NET study material
Question 50 Explanation: 

Sounding rockets are one or two stage solid propellant rockets used for probing the upper atmospheric regions and for space research. They also serve as easily affordable platforms to test or prove prototypes of new components or subsystems intended for use in launch vehicles and satellites. With the establishment of the Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station (TERLS) in 1963 at Thumba, a location close to the magnetic equator ( THIS image shows the magnetic equator in green), there was a quantum jump in the scope for aeronomy and atmospheric sciences in India.

ISRO has developed a series of sounding rockets called Rohini series, important among them being RH-200, RH-300 and RH-560, number in the name indicating the diameter of the rocket in mm.

Improvisation: 50 years of TERLS ;

https://www.isro.gov.in/launchers/sounding-rockets ;

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