UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 30

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UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 30

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Question 21 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
With respect to Right to property, consider the following
  1. It can be regulated only after passing a constitutional amendment
  2. It is protected against executive action
Select the right code
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
Both
D
None
Aptitude Questions answers
Question 21 Explanation: 

As Right to Property is only a legal right enshrined in the constitution after 44th Constitutional Amendment, the following implications are available

  • It can be regulated ie, curtailed, abridged or modified without constitutional amendment by an ordinary law of the Parliament.
  • It protects private property against executive action but not against legislative action.
  • In case of violation, the aggrieved person cannot directly move the Supreme Court under Article 32 (right to constitutional remedies including writs) for its enforcement. He can move the High Court under Article 226.
  • No guaranteed right to compensation in case of acquisition or requisition of the private property by the state.
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Question 22 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
Consider the following statements

1.The process of removal of a State Election Commissioner is similar to the removal of a Judge of a State High Court.

2.A council of ministers must always exist to advise the governor, even after the dissolution of the state legislative assembly.

3.Article 356 can be invoked only on the written recommendation of the cabinet

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A
2 only
B
3 only
C
1 and 2 only
D
1 and 3 only
UPSC FREE STUDY
Question 22 Explanation: 

Article 356 can be invoked without written recommendation of the cabinet. "

Question 23 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
A 'Bank Run'
A
Is a situation in which a bank that is authorised to hold the assets and liabilities of an insolvent bank can no longer meet its own financial obligations
B
Is an oft-witnessed chain reaction in which lowering of interest rates by one bank forces others to do the same
C
Refers to the phenomenon of predatory pricing of loans in order to "poach" customers of competitor banks
D
Occurs when a large number of customers of a bank withdrawing their deposits simultaneously
Biology Questions answers
Question 23 Explanation: 
  • A bank run occurs when a large number of customers of a bank or another financial institution withdraw their deposits simultaneously due to concerns about the bank's solvency. As more people withdraw their funds, the probability of default increases, thereby prompting more people to withdraw their deposits. In extreme cases, the bank's reserves may not be sufficient to cover the withdrawals.
  • Additional information: A silent bank run is much like a normal bank run, except withdrawals are made by customers in the form of electronic fund transfers and wire transfers, rather than going into the bank and withdrawing cash or a bank draft. As banking has become more and more automated, the electronic movement of funds from one institution to another has become more common.

http://www.investopedia.com/terms/b/bankrun.asp ;

Improvisation: http://www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/bail-in-doubts/article21261606.ece ;

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Question 24 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
Consider the following statements with respect to Pitt's India Act 1784:
1. It distinguished between the commercial and political functions of the Company
2. Court of Directors manage both commercial and political affairs Which of the following below given codes are correct?
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2
Computer science (GATE/NET) Questions answers
Question 24 Explanation: 
In a bid to rectify the defects of the Regulating Act of 1773, the British Parliament passed the Amending Act of 1781, also known as the Act of Settlement. The next important act was the Pitt's India Act of 1784.
1. It distinguished between the commercial and political functions of the Company.
2. It allowed the Court of Directors to manage the commercial affairs but created a new body called Board of Control to manage the political affairs. Thus, it established a system of double government.
3. It empowered the Board of Control to supervise and direct all operations of the civil and military government or revenues of the British possessions in India. "
Question 25 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
Prafulla Samantara was one of the Goldman Environmental Prize Awardees of 2017 for his work related to protection of the land rights of the
A
Mariyas
B
Dongria Kondhs
C
Korkus
D
Bhils
Computer science (GATE/NET) Questions answers
Question 25 Explanation: 

A question on the Goldman Environmental Prize was posted here a few days ago.

  • "An iconic leader of social justice movements in India, Prafulla Samantara led a historic 12-year legal battle that affirmed the indigenous Dongria Kondh's land rights and protected the Niyamgiri Hills from a massive, open-pit aluminum ore mine."

TH: Interview with Prafulla Samantara ; "

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