UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 42

 

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UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 42

Question 1
  1. Consider the following statement about Quick Reaction Surface-to-Air missiles(QR-SAM)
  2. It is a truck-mounted missile with a 360$^\circ$ rotatable, electro-mechanically operated, turret-based launch unit.
  3. It is being developed by India in collaboration with France
Choose the correct option
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2
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Question 1 Explanation: 
India successfully test-fired two indigenously developed Quick Reaction Surface-to-Air missiles (QR-SAM) from a test range off the Odisha coast. The QR-SAM weapon system has been jointly developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Bharat Electronics Ltd. It is a quick reaction, all-weather, network-centric missile system capable of search-on-the-move. It is a truck-mounted missile with a 360$^\circ$ rotatable, electro-mechanically operated, turret-based launch unit.
Question 2
Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct regarding to National Human Rights Commission (NHRC)?
  1. NHRC is directly created under article 338 of Indian constitution.
  2. The chairman of NHRC should be retired chief justice of Supreme Court or High court.
  3. Chairman of national commission for minorities is an ex officio member of NHRC.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
A
1 and 2 Only.
B
2 Only
C
2 and 3 Only.
D
3 Only
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Question 2 Explanation: 
Statement 1 is incorrect.National Human Rights Commission came into being in October, 1993. In terms of Section 2 of the Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993. Thus it is a statutory body.

The NHRC consists of:

  • A Chairperson, should be retired Chief Justice of India, Not serving CJI. Thus statement 2 is incorrect.
  • One member who is, or has been, a Judge of the Supreme Court of India
  • One member who is, or has been, the Chief Justice of a High Court
  • Two members to be appointed from among persons having knowledge of, or practical experience in, matters relating to human rights
  • In addition, the Chairpersons of four National Commissions (Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Women and Minorities) serve as ex officio members. Thus statement 3 is correct.
  • The sitting Judge of the Supreme Court or sitting Chief Justice of any High Court can be appointed only after the consultation with the Chief Justice of Supreme Court.
Question 3
Consider the following statements in the context of exploration and production activities of hydrocarbons:
1. India's sedimentary basins cover an area roughly equalling India's land surface area
2. Most of India's sedimentary basins have established commercial production
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2
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Question 3 Explanation: 

India has 26 sedimentary basins covering an area of 3.14 million square kilometres. The sedimentary basins of India, onshore and offshore up to the 200m isobath, have an areal extent of about 1.79 million sq. km. In the deepwater beyond the 200m isobath, the sedimentary area has been estimated to be about 1.35 million sq. km. Thus, the total works out to 3.14 million sq. km (India's land surface area is 3.24 million sq. km.). At the moment, only about 15% area of sedimentary basins have established commercial production.

http://petroleum.nic.in/sites/default/files/basins_0.pdf ;
In the news: http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=170710 ;
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Question 4
Over the years, the scope of Right to Life and Personal Liberty has been expanded by the Supreme Court. Which of the following is/are included under the Right to Life and Personal Liberty?
  1. Right to live with human dignity
  2. Right to live free from exploitation
  3. Right to privacy
  4. Right to shelter and livelihood
  5. Right to good health
Select the correct answer using codes below:
A
1, 2 and 4 Only
B
1,2,3 and 4 Only
C
2,3 and 4 Only
D
1,2,3,4 and 5
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Question 5
Consider the following statements with respect to "CODEX ALIMENTARIUS":
  1. The Codex Alimentarius is a collection of internationally adopted food standards and related texts presented in a uniform manner.
  2. Codex standards and related texts are a substitute for, or alternative to national legislation.
Which of the following codes below given is/are correct?
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2
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Question 5 Explanation: 
The Codex Alimentarius is a collection of internationally adopted food standards and related texts presented in a uniform manner. These food standards and related texts aim at protecting consumers' health and ensuring fair practices in the food trade. The publication of the Codex Alimentarius is intended to guide and promote the elaboration and establishment of definitions and requirements for foods to assist in their harmonization and in doing so to facilitate international trade. Codex standards and related texts are not a substitute for, or alternative to national legislation. Every country's laws and administrative procedures contain provisions with which it is essential to comply. Codex standards and related texts contain requirements for food aimed at ensuring for the consumer a safe, wholesome food product free from adulteration, correctly labeled and presented. A Codex standard for any food or foods should be drawn up in accordance with the Format for Codex Commodity Standards and contain, as appropriate, the sections listed therein.
There are 5 questions to complete.

 

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