UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 49
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Question 6 [CLICK ON ANY COICE TO KNOW RIGHT ANSWER]
- It is established by UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) and Japan
- Initiative will support land and forest rehabilitation in post conflict areas to reduce peace and security challenges stemming from natural resource degradation
Both 1 and 2
Neither 1 nor 2
Question 7 [CLICK ON ANY COICE TO KNOW RIGHT ANSWER]
- The right under Article 29 includes the right of a minority to imparteducation to its children in its own language.
- Article 30 provides that no citizen shall be denied admission into any educational institution maintained by the State on grounds only of religion, race, caste, or language.
Both 1 and 2
Neither 1 Nor 2
- Article 30 grants the following rights to minorities, whether religious orlinguistic:
- All minorities shall have the right to establish and administer educationalinstitutions of their choice.
- The compensation amount fixed by the State for the compulsoryacquisition of any property of a minority educational institution shall notrestrict or abrogate the right guaranteed to them. This provision was addedby the 44th Amendment Act of 1978 to protect the right of minorities inthis regard. The Act deleted the right to property as a Fundamental Right(Article 31).
- In granting aid, the State shall not discriminate against any educationalinstitution managed by a minority.
- Thus, the protection under Article 30 is confined only to minorities(religious or linguistic) and does not extend to any section of citizens (asunder Article 29). However, the term 'minority' has not been definedanywhere in the Constitution.
- The right under Article 30 also includes the right of a minority to imparteducation to its children in its own language.
- Article 29 provides that any section of the citizens residing in any part ofIndia having a distinct language, script or culture of its own, shall have theright to conserve the same. Further, no citizen shall be denied admission intoany educational institution maintained by the State or receiving aid out ofState funds on grounds only of religion, race, caste, or language.
- The first provision protects the right of a group while the second provisionguarantees the right of a citizen as an individual irrespective of thecommunity to which he belongs.
- Article 29 grants protection to both religious minorities as well aslinguistic minorities.
Question 8 [CLICK ON ANY COICE TO KNOW RIGHT ANSWER]
- In plants, Phosphorus (P) is considered second to nitrogen as the most essential nutrient to ensure health and function.
- Phosphorus deficiency can be controlled by applying sources of phosphorus such as bone meal.
- Many parts of India had phosphorous-deficient soil.
1 and 3 only
1 and 2 only
All are correct
Question 9 [CLICK ON ANY COICE TO KNOW RIGHT ANSWER]
- Global warming has in recent years caused colourful coral reefs to bleach and die around the world - but not in the Gulf of Eilat, or Aqaba, part of the northern Red Sea.
- Corals fare well in heat thanks to their slow journey from the Indian Ocean through the Bab al-Mandab Strait, between Djibouti and Yemen, where water temperatures are much higher. Over the past 6,000 years, they underwent a form of selection through a very, very hot body of water, and only those that could pass through that hot water body reached here, the northern Red Sea and Gulf of Eilat.
Question 10 [CLICK ON ANY COICE TO KNOW RIGHT ANSWER]
1.No cultural heritage items of India are listed in the "List of Intangible Cultural Heritage in need of Urgent Safeguarding"
2. Ramman, religious festival and ritual theatre of Garhwal hills is listed in Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
Both 1 and 2
Neither 1 nor 2
Both the statements are correct. "