UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 56

 

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UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 56

Question 1
Cloudy nights are warmer compared to clear cloudless nights, because clouds:
A
Reflect back the heat given off by earth
B
Prevent cold waves from the sky from descending on earth
C
Produce heat and radiate it towards earth
D
Absorb heat from the atmosphere and send it towards earth
English literature Questions answers
Question 1 Explanation: 
Reflect back the heat given off by earth
Question 2
Consider the following statement regarding Institution of Eminence (IoE) status
1. Indian Institute of Technology (IIT)-Bombay, IIT-Delhi and IISc Bangalore are the three public universities which have been granted the IoE status
2. Jio Institute by Reliance Foundation, Amity University, and Manipal Academy of Higher Education are the three private universities which have been granted the status of IoE
Which of the following statements are correct
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2
UPSC test Questions answers
Question 2 Explanation: 
Recently, the Human Resource Development Ministry has granted Institution of Eminence (IoE) status to 6 universities.
1. Indian Institute of Technology (IIT)-Bombay, IIT-Delhi and IISc Bangalore are the three public universities which have been granted the IoE status
2. Jio Institute by Reliance Foundation, BITS Pilani, and Manipal Academy of Higher Education are the three private universities which have been granted the status of IoE
Question 3
According to India state of forest report-2019, the following states are showing maximum loss in forest cover, in the context of this, arrange them in ascending order
    1. Manipur
    2. Arunachal Pradesh
    3. Mizoram
Select the correct answer using the code below:
A
2-1-3
B
3-2-1
C
1-2-3
D
2-3-1
HRM Questions answers
Question 3 Explanation: 
  • States showing maximum loss in forest cover are Manipur (499 sq km), Arunachal Pradesh (276 sq km) and Mizoram (180 sq km).

Refer: http://164.100.117.97/WriteReadData/userfiles/ISFR2019%20Vol-I.pdf "

Question 4
Which of the following High Courts in India has/have original jurisdiction?
  1. Delhi
  2. Bombay
  3. Calcutta
  4. Himachal Pradesh
A
1 and 3 only
B
2 and 4 only
C
1, 2 and 4 only
D
1, 2, 3 and 4
Reading comprehension Questions answers
Question 4 Explanation: 
1, 2, 3 and 4. Madras High Court also has original jurisdiction.
Question 5
With reference to the Battle of Plassey, consider the following statements:
  1. As a result of this war, the rule of Nawabs came to an end.
  2. The East India Company's control over the whole of Bengal was legalised.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2
HRM Questions answers
Question 5 Explanation: 
Statement 1 is incorrect. After the Battle of Plassey, the Nawabs continued to rule which resulted conflict of interests between the Nawabs and the East India Company. It was the battle of Buxer that ended the rule of Nawabs.

After the defeat at Plassey, Sirajuddaulah was assassinated and Mir Jafar made the nawab. The Company was still unwilling to take over the responsibility of administration. Its prime objective was the expansion of trade. The Company wanted to take over territories without direct conquest but through the help of local rulers who were willing to grant privileges.

When Mir Jafar protested, the Company deposed him and installed Mir Qasim in his place. When Mir Qasim complained, he in turn was defeated in a battle fought at Buxar (1764), driven out of Bengal, and Mir Jafar was reinstalled. The Nawab had to pay Rs 500,000 every month but the Company wanted more money to finance its wars, and meet the demands of trade and its other expenses.

Statement 2 is incorrect. The East India Company's control over the whole of Bengal was legalised after the Battle of Buxar. The Treaty of Allahabad (16 August 1765) was an important outcome of the Battle of Buxar. It was signed between Lord Clive (East India Company) and Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II, who had submitted to the British in the battle.

As per the threaty, the Mughal Emperor granted Fiscal Rights (Diwani) or right to administer the territory and collect taxes to the East India Company at Bengal, Bihar and Orissa. Thus the British became the masters of fate of the people of Bihar, Bengal and Orissa and now they would collect the revenue. In lieu of this Right, the Company gave an annual tribute of 26 Lakh Rupees to the Mughals.

The districts of Kora and Allahabad were returned to Mughal Emperor.

Awadh was returned to Shuja-ud-Daulah but Allahabad and Kora was taken from him.

There are 5 questions to complete.

 

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