UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 57
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The Leader of the Opposition, under the Act, must be interpreted as the leader of the single largest party in the opposition
The Act provides for the selection committee to make appointments even when it is truncated due to a vacancy
The Chief Justice of India can nominate a sitting Supreme Court Judge in case the former is unavailable to take part in the selection committee's proceedings
There is no bar on appointment of judicial members to the Lokpal notwithstanding the pendency of cases in the judiciary
"The government was on weak legal footing when it claimed it was awaiting the passage of these amendments, mainly of one that related to the leader of the largest party in opposition in the Lok Sabha being considered as the Leader of the Opposition for the purposes of forming the Selection Committee to choose the Lokpal. The selection panel consists of the Prime Minister, the Speaker of the Lok Sabha, Leader of the Opposition, the Chief Justice of India or his nominee, and an eminent jurist chosen by them. The court has noted that the Act provides for the selection committee to make appointments even when it is truncated due to a vacancy. It has made it clear that the fact that some amendments have been proposed and a parliamentary panel has submitted a report would not constitute a legal bar on enforcing the existing law."
1.To intervene in any proceeding involving allegation of violation of human rights pending before a court.
2. To undertake and promote research in the field of human rights.
3. To inquire into any violation of human rights or negligence in the prevention of such violation by a public servant, however, only on a petition presented to it or on an order of a court but not Suo motu.
4. To visit jails and detention places to study the living conditions of inmates and make recommendation thereon.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below
1, 2 and 3 only
1, 3 and 4 only
1, 2 and 4 only
1, 2, 3 and 4
The National Human Rights Commission is a statutory but non constitutional body. It was established in 1993 under a legislation enacted by the Parliament, namely, the Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993.
The functions of the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) are:
- To inquire into any violation of human rights or negligence in the prevention of such violation by a public servant, either suo motu or on a petition presented to it or on an order of a court.
2. To intervene in any proceeding involving allegation of violation of human rights pending before a court.
3. To visit jails and detention places to study the living conditions of inmates and make recommendation thereon.
4. To review the constitutional and other legal safeguards for the protection of human rights and recommend measures for their effective implementation.
5. To review the factors including acts of terrorism that inhibit the enjoyment of human rights and recommend remedial measures.
6. To study treaties and other international instruments on human rights and make recommendations for their effective implementation.
7. To undertake and promote research in the field of human rights.
8. To spread human rights literacy among the people and promote awareness of the safeguards available for the protection of these rights.
9. To encourage the efforts of non-governmental organisations (NGOs) working in the field of human rights.
10. To undertake such other functions as it may consider necessary for the promotion of human rights.
Help sustain and widen research in both, Antarctica as well as the Arctic regions
Enable the deployment of a remote-controlled polar vehicle in the polar regions
Both a and b
Neither a nor b
Statement 'b' refers to the PROVe, the remotely operated polar vehicle in the Antarctic region.
- A PRV, or the 'ice-breaker,' as these ships are colloquially called, can cut through a 1.5-metre thick wall of ice. With a lifespan of 30 years, the ship is expected to be central to India's ambitions in the Arctic and Antarctica in coming years.
- The vessel is expected to contribute to India's scientific expeditions and to sustain research at two Indian bases in Antarctica (Maitri and Bharti) and also dovetail research initiatives in the Southern Ocean domain in the proximal regions of the Antarctic continent.
- It could also widen the thrust on Arctic research disciplines, undertaken through Indian Station Himadri (located at Svalbard, Norway, where also the Global Seed Vault is), in addition to providing a suitable research platform for other ocean research programmes.
- PIB : Taking into consideration (i) the growing need of the scientific community to initiate studies in the frontier realms of ocean sciences, (ii) the uncertainty in the charter-hire of polar vessels and the ever-escalating chartering costs, and (iii) the expansion of our scientific activities into the Arctic and Southern Ocean, it was decided to explore the feasibility of constructing and commissioning a polar research vessel which can cater to both the scientific and logistics aspects of the polar and Southern Ocean programmes.
- It is a large-scale humanitarian assistance and disaster relief (HADR) exercise.
- It is conducted by the Indian Navy in collaboration with Indian Coast Guard.