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Question 1
Consider the following statements with respect to Human Development Report (HDR):
1. The report was first published by UNDP in 1992
2. It was the first attempt to define and measure the level of development of economies Which of the following below given codes are correct?
1 only
2 only
Both 1 and 2
Neither 1 nor 2
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Question 1 Explanation: 
The dilemma of measuring the developmental level of economies was solved once the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) published its first Human Development Report (HDR) in 1990. The report had a human development index (HDI) which was the first attempt to define and measure the level of development of economies. The 'index' was a product of select team of leading scholars, development practioners and members of the Human Development Report office of the UNDP. The first such team which developed the HDI was led by Mahbub ul Haq and Inge Kaul. The term 'human development' is a corollary of 'development' in the index. "
Question 2
Consider the sources of energy:
  1. Geo-thermal energy
  2. Biofuels
  3. Biomass energy
  4. Nuclear energy
Which of the above are the sources of renewable energy?
1 and 3 only
2 and 4 only
1, 2 and 3 only
1, 2, 3 and 4
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Question 2 Explanation: 
Renewable source of energy: Renewable sources are those which can be generated continuously in nature and are inexhaustible. Geo-thermal energy, Biofuels and Biomass energy are renewable sources.
Question 3
Consider the following statements.
  1. India stood ahead of China in terms of honey production in 2017-18.
  2. Beekeeping Development Committee under the Chairmanship of Bibek Debroy is setup to identify ways of advancing beekeeping in India.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
1 only
2 only
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Question 3 Explanation: 

The Economic Advisory Council to the Prime Minister set up a Beekeeping Development Committee under the Chairmanship of Professor Bibek Debroy.

BDC was constituted with the objective of identifying ways of advancing beekeeping in India, that can help in improving agricultural productivity, enhancing employment generation, augmenting nutritional security and sustaining biodiversity.

As per Food and Agricultural Organization database, in 2017-18, India ranked eighth in the world in terms of honey production (64.9 thousand tonnes) while China stood first with a production level of 551 thousand tonnes. "

Question 4
Which of the following can be attributed as themes of contemporary Indian literature
  1. Post - modernism
  2. A call for moving towards urbanisation
  3. Celebration of regional-ness while contemplating composite Indian-ness
Select the right code
1 only
2 and 3
1 and 3
All of them
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Question 4 Explanation: 
  • In the uttara Adhunika (post-modern) era the effort is to be natural, to be Indian, to be near to the common man, to be socially conscious. The third generation of Malayalam writers like N. Prabhakaran, and P. Surendran prefer the term anti-modernism to post-modernism and are content simply to narrate human tales without any explicit social message or philosophical pretensions. The modernist idea that anything simple should not be accepted is now questioned. It is established now that simple texts may present complex extra-textual structures
  • The central tension experienced by the vast majority of contemporary Indian novelists is that of transition from the rural and traditional to an urban and post-modern situation, expressed either through a romantic nostalgia for the village left behind, or through fear and hatred of the cruel impersonal city, with all its sex, horror, murder and cruelty. Birendra Kumar Bhattacharya (Assamese), Sunil Gangopadhyay (Bengali), Pannalal patel (Gujarati), Mannu Bhandari (Hindi), Nayantara Sahgal (English), V. Bedekar (Marathi), Samaresh Basu (Bengali) and others, with their rural-urban sensitivity, have portrayed the Indian experience in its totality.
  • In the contemporary Indian novels by Jayamohan (Tamil), Debes Ray (Bengali) and Shivprasad Singh (Hindi), dealing with various neglected regions, and the spoken dialect of that area, a composite picture of a total India, pulsating with new experience and struggling to hold on to the old values, and in the process sometimes discarding them, is also easily discernible. These regional novelists have forcefully demolished the myths created by the western Indologists that Indianness is just fatalism

Source - CCRT Literature

GS 1 - Art and culture - Literature

  • Modern Indian literature genre and strands can be asked


Question 5
  1. Bavaria
Is the capital of Moldova
Is a region through which flows River Danube
Opens out to the Black Sea
All of the above
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Question 5 Explanation: 

Bavaria is a state in Southeastern Germany, bordering Liechtenstein, Austria and the Czech Republic. River Danube, the second-longest river in Europe after River Volga

In the news: PIB: India and Bavaria set up joint group to identify areas of cooperation in water sector ; "

There are 5 questions to complete.


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