UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 25

 

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UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 25

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Question 1
"Sports for All" as well as "Sports for Excellence "are the objectives of:
A
Khelo India programme
B
Panchayat Yuva Krida Aur Khel Abhiyan
C
Urban Sports Infrastructure Scheme
D
Scheme of Human Resource Development in Sports
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Question 1 Explanation: 
The Khelo India programme strives to promote "Sports for All" as well as "Sports for Excellence". This is for first time a long-term athlete development pathway will be made available to gifted and talented youngsters to excel in competitive sports. It will create a pool of highly competitive athletes who can compete to win at world stage. It aims to engage youth living in disturbed and deprived areas, in sporting activities, to mainstream them in nation-building process by weaning them away from unproductive and disruptive activities. It will also promote gender equity and social inclusiveness
Question 2
Akbar promulgated a new religion called Din-i- Ilahi or Divine Faith. With
reference to this, which of the following statements is/are correct?
  1. It aimed at bringing harmony among all different religions.
  2. It promoted worship of multiple Gods in simple and practical ways
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2
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Question 2 Explanation: 

The Dn-i Ilah was a syncretic religion propounded by the Mughal emperor
Akbar the Great in 1582 AD, intending to merge the best elements of the
religions of his empire, and thereby reconcile the differences that divided his
subjects. From the discussions he led at the Ibadat Khana, Akbar concluded
that no single religion could claim the monopoly of truth. This inspired him
to create the Dn-i Ilah in 1582. Various pious Muslims, among them the Qadi of Bengal and the seminal Sufi personality Shaykh Ahmad Sirhindi,
responded by declaring this to be blasphemy to Islam.

The purported Din-i-Ilahi was more of an ethical system and Din-i-Ilahi
prohibits lust, sensuality, slander and pride, considering them sins.
Piety, prudence, abstinence and kindness are the core virtues. The soul is
encouraged to purify itself through yearning of God.
Celibacy is respected and the slaughter of animals is forbidden.

There are neither sacred scriptures nor a priestly hierarchy in this religion.
To commemorate Din-e-Ilahi, he changed the name of Prayag to Allahabad
(pronounced as ilahabad) in 1583. Din-i- Ilahi believed in one God. "

Question 3
The 'Government at a Glance 2017' Report is released by which of the following
A
World Economic Forum
B
IMF
C
OECD
D
UNCTAD
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Question 3 Explanation: 
India ranked third in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development's(OECD) Government at a Glance 2017 report.OECD's Government at a Glance reportpresents an index of countries that trust their governments the most.The 2017 edition ofthe report based on Gallup World Poll for 2016 states that, Indonesia and Switzerlandwith 80% people having trust in their government.
Question 4
Consider the following statements regarding Polio.
  1. Polio is a potentially deadly disease that affects the nervous system.
  2. Polio infection is easily preventable by a vaccine.
  3. In 2010, India was declared polio-free after three years on zero cases.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
A
1, 3
B
2, 3
C
1, 2
D
1, 2, 3
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Question 4 Explanation: 

According to CDC, "Polio is a crippling and potentially deadly disease that affects the nervous system. Because the virus lives in the faeces (poop) of an infected person, people infected with the disease can spread it to others when they do not wash their hands well after defecating (pooping). People can also be infected if they drink water or eat food contaminated with infected feces. Most people with polio do not feel sick. Some people have only minor symptoms, such as fever, tiredness, nausea, headache, nasal congestion, sore throat, cough, stiffness in the neck and back, and pain in the arms and legs. In rare cases, polio infection causes permanent loss of muscle function (paralysis). Polio can be fatal if the muscles used for breathing are paralyzed or if there is an infection of the brain."

The virus multiplies in the intestine, from where it can invade the nervous system and can cause paralysis. Once that happens, the patient is crippled for life because there is no treatment for the affliction. That is why polio is so dreaded. Polio infection, however, is easily preventable by a vaccine.

In January 2014, India was declared polio-free after three years on zero cases, an achievement that is widely believed to have been spurred by the successful pulse polio campaign in which all children were administered polio drops.

Some years ago, India introduced the injectable polio vaccine in the Universal Immunisation Programme. This was to reduce chances of vaccine-derived polio infection, which continues to happen in the country. If both wild and vaccine-derived polio infection are reduced to zero, it would mean there is no trace left of the virus anywhere in the world, except in controlled situations in laboratories for future contingencies.

Source

Question 5
The Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA) aims towards
1. social development of Indian Ocean rim region.
2. enhancing security and protection from piracy.
3. trade facilitation.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
A
1 and 2 only
B
1 and 3 only
C
2 and 3 only
D
1, 2 and 3
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Question 5 Explanation: 
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There are 5 questions to complete.

 

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