UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 25

UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 25

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Question 16 [CLICK ON ANY COICE TO KNOW RIGHT ANSWER]
Should a submarine canyon be found in Indian waters, what are the potential benefits that may accrue to India?
  1. India's crude oil import bill will fall
  2. It will help us develop new treatment systems for heart diseases
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A
1 only
B
2 Only
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2
Question 16 Explanation: 

These are the probable, not definite, benefits.

Submarine Canyon : Any of a class of narrow steep-sided valleys that cut into continental slopes and continental rises of the oceans. Submarine canyons originate either within continental slopes or on a continental shelf.

The new canyon system is very huge and probably formed by the river Kandivalasa. The depth of the canyon varies from about 90 metres from the starting point to about 2,500 metres at the deepest point, and it extends to about 50 to 70 km deep into the sea and the width varies from 50 metres to two km.

  • Justification for Statement 1: Most of the canyons in the ocean system across the world act as channels for depositing sediments in the shelf region. "The more the deposit, the more are the chances of finding hydro-carbons. But it is too early to say on this aspect, as we have just discovered the canyon and the shelf region is yet to be explored," said Dr. Prasanna Kumar.
  • The discovery of the canyon is not only a major breakthrough in underwater geological formations, but also gives us immense scope to study and explore new benthic ecosystem.
  • Justification for Statement 2: The study of ecology and fauna and micro organisms will not only tell us about our past but also throw light on new science. The study of how organisms live and flourish at low oxygen level and high current system can lead us to understand human heart diseases better and help us develop new treatment system.

TH: NIO finds a new canyon system:

- "

Question 17 [CLICK ON ANY COICE TO KNOW RIGHT ANSWER]
Consider the following statements:
    1. The State Election Commission is a Constitutional Authority.
    2. The powers and functions of the State Election Commission are identical to those vested in the Election Commission of India.
    3. State Election Commissioner cannot be removed by the Governor, though appointed by him.
Which of the given above statements is/are correct?
A
1 and 2
B
2 and 3
C
1 and 3
D
All of the above
Question 17 Explanation: 
  • State election commissioner is appointed by The Governor.
  • The powers and functions of the State Election Commission under article 243K AND 243ZA of the Constitution Of India are identical to those vested in the Election Commission Of India constituted under article 324 of the Constitution Of India in their respective domains.
  • His conditions of service and tenure of office shall also be determined by the governor.
  • He shall not be removed from the office except in the manner and on the grounds prescribed for the removal of the judge of the state high court.
  • A judge of a high court can be removed from his office by the president on the recommendation of the parliament. This means that a state election commissioner cannot be removed by the governor, though appointed by him.

Refer: "

Question 18 [CLICK ON ANY COICE TO KNOW RIGHT ANSWER]
To facilitate simultaneous elections to the Lok Sabha and the State Assemblies, a constitutional amendment would have to be 1.Introduced in the Rajya Sabha only 2.Cleared by both Houses of Parliament by simple majority followed by ratification of half of the state legislatures Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2
Question 18 Explanation: 

Neither statements are correct.

  • A constitution amendment bill can be introduced in either House of Parliament (and not in state legislatures).
  • Such a bill (to facilitate simultaneous elections) would have to be cleared by both Houses of Parliament by special majority followed by ratification of half of the state legislatures.

http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/ec-pulled-up-for-backing-simultaneous-polls/article22491823.ece "

Question 19 [CLICK ON ANY COICE TO KNOW RIGHT ANSWER]
With reference to recent development in Indian polity, which one of the following statements is not correct?
A
According to Government of India Act, Legislative council abolished in J&K
B
According to Article 169 of the constitution, Parliament may by law create or abolish the second chamber in a state
C
As per article 171, total number of members in the legislative council of a state shall not exceed one third of the total number of the members in the legislative Assembly of that state
D
None of the above statements are Not Correct
Question 19 Explanation: 
Here, Directive word is NOT CORRECT!!
  • Option (a) is wrong, because Legislative council abolished in J&K as per Section 57 of the J&K Reorganisation Bill, 2019, which reduced the State to the Union Territories of J&K and Ladakh.

Refer: "

Question 20 [CLICK ON ANY COICE TO KNOW RIGHT ANSWER]
Chapchar Kut is a festival celebrated in the state of
A
Arunachal Pradesh
B
Assam
C
Mizoram
D
Sikkim
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