UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 21

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UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 21

Question 1 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW THE RIGHT ANSWER]
Consider the following statements in the context of the study on air pollution by India State-Level Disease Burden Initiative: 1.One in eight deaths in 2017 could be attributed to air pollution. 2.More number of deaths occurred due to household air pollution than outdoor particulate matter air pollution. 3.More 3 out of 4 Indians are exposed to PM2.5 air pollution above the WHO-mandated safe limit.
  1. WHO safe limit for PM2.5 air pollution is 40g/m3.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
A
1, 2 and 3 only
B
2 and 4 only
C
1 and 3 only
D
1, 2, 3 and 4
Question 1 Explanation: 

WHO Air Quality Guideline values - Fine Particulate Matter (PM2.5) Guideline values:

  • 10 g/m3 annual mean
  • 25 g/m3 24-hour mean

Statement 3 is correct (even if the "safe limit" for the study was taken to be greater than the WHO values).

TH ;

- "

Question 2 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW THE RIGHT ANSWER]
With reference to UNESCO's Man and the Biosphere Programme (MAB), consider the following statements:
  1. It was launched in 1971.
  2. Its World Network of Biosphere Reserves currently counts 669 sites.
  3. It strives to ensure basic human welfare and a liveable environment.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
A
1 only
B
2 and 3 only
C
1 and 3 only
D
1, 2 and 3
Question 2 Explanation: 
All the statements are correct.

The MAB Programme strives to:

  1. Identify and assess the changes in the biosphere resulting from human and natural activities and the effects of these changes on humans and the environment, in particular in the context of climate change;
  2. Study and compare the dynamic interrelationships between natural/near-natural ecosystems and socio-economic processes, in particular in the context of accelerated loss of biological and cultural diversity with unexpected consequences that impact the ability of ecosystems to continue to provide services critical for human well-being;
  3. Ensure basic human welfare and a liveable environment in the context of rapid urbanization and energy consumption as drivers of environmental change;
  4. Promote the exchange and transfer of knowledge on environmental problems and solutions, and to foster environmental education for sustainable development.
Question 3 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW THE RIGHT ANSWER]
The Chief Information Commissioner is appointed on the recommendation of a committee consisting of:
  1. The Prime Minister.
  2. The Leader of Opposition in the Lok Sabha.
  3. A Union Cabinet Minister to be nominated by the Prime Minister.
  4. Minister of Home Affairs.
Choose the correct option:
A
1, 3 and 4 only
B
1, 2 and 3 only
C
1, 2 and 4 only
D
1, 2, 3 and 4
Question 3 Explanation: 
1, 2 and 3 only are correct

RTI Act 2005 provides that the Chief Information Commissioner and Information Commissioners shall be appointed by the President on the recommendation of a committee consisting of:

  1. The Prime Minister, who shall be the Chairperson of the committee.
  2. The Leader of Opposition in the Lok Sabha.
  3. A Union Cabinet Minister to be nominated by the Prime Minister.
Question 4 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW THE RIGHT ANSWER]
Recently, which of the following state in India have succeeded in thwarting an attack by the Fall Armyworm (FAW) on maize crop?
A
Kerala
B
Odisha
C
Tamil Nadu
D
Andhra Pradesh
Question 4 Explanation: 
Odisha have succeeded in thwarting an attack by the Fall Armyworm (FAW) on maize crop due to proper precaution and timely management by the state agriculture department and awareness among farmers. The Fall Armyworm (FAW) or Spodoptera frugiperda is an invasive agricultural pest. It was first reported in West Africa in 2016. FAW was spotted for the first time in India in Karnataka in June 2018 and then spread to ten other states including Odisha.
Question 5 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW THE RIGHT ANSWER]
With reference to "Zuma Mission", recently in news, which of the following statement is/are correct?
  1. It is the Russian government's secret satellite mission.
  2. It was launched by Space X .
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2
Question 5 Explanation: 
Statement 1 is incorrect. It is the US government's secret satellite mission. SpaceX has successfully launched the secretive Zuma mission from Cape Canaveral.
Statement 2 is correct. SpaceX has launched national security payloads in the past, including a spy satellite for the National Reconnaissance Office, and an X-37B space plane for the U.S. Air Force.
There are 5 questions to complete.