UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 165

UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 165

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Question 71 [CLICK ON ANY COICE TO KNOW RIGHT ANSWER]
Consider the following statements with respect to Mi-17 Helicopter:
1. It is designed and developed by Lockheed Martin
2. Designed to transport cargo inside the cabin and it is one of the world's most advanced helicopters Which of the following below given codes are correct?
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2
Question 71 Explanation: 
Mi-17V-5 (domestic designation Mi-8MTV-5) is a military transport variant in the Mi-8/17 family of helicopters. It is produced by Kazan Helicopters, a subsidiary of Russian Helicopters.Designed to transport cargo inside the cabin and on an external sling, the Mi-17V-5 is one of the world's most advanced helicopters. It can also be deployed in troop and arms transport, fire support, convoy escort, patrol, and search-and-rescue (SAR) missions.The Indian Ministry of Defence (MoD) placed an order for 12 Mi-17V5 helicopters during the Aero India show held in February 2013.
The Indian MoD had awarded a $1.3bn contract to Russian Helicopters for 80 helicopters in December 2008. Deliveries to the Indian Air Force (IAF) began in 2011 and 36 helicopters were delivered by early 2013. "
Question 72 [CLICK ON ANY COICE TO KNOW RIGHT ANSWER]
Secondary circulation in atmosphere consists of
1. polar easterlies
2. temperate cyclones
3. mountain winds
4. monsoon
5. sea breezes
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
A
1 only
B
2, 4 and 5 only
C
3 and 5 only
D
2 and 4 only
Question 72 Explanation: 
2 and 4 only
Question 73 [CLICK ON ANY COICE TO KNOW RIGHT ANSWER]
Consider the following statements, with reference to Eco-Sensitive Zone (ESZ):
  1. Purpose of declaring ESZ is to create a buffer zone, where activities will be regulated to protect areas demarcated as Protected Areas (PAs).
  2. The Environment Protection Act, 1986 does not mention the word "Eco-sensitive Zones".
  3. Establishment of hotels and resorts is strictly prohibited in ESZs.
Which of the above statement/s is are correct?
A
1 and 2 only
B
2 and 3 only
C
1 and 3 only
D
1, 2 and 3
Question 73 Explanation: 
Statement 1 and 2 is correct"
  • Eco-Sensitive Zone is created to act as a buffer for further protection around Protected Areas (PAs) such as National Parks and Wildlife sanctuaries.
  • The Environment Protection Act, 1986 does not mention the word "Eco-sensitive Zones".The section 3(2)(v) of the Act, says that Central Government can restrict areas in which any industries, operations or processes or class of industries, operations or processes shall not be carried out or shall be carried out subject to certain safeguards

Statement 3 is incorrect:

ESZ Guidelines classify activities under three categories:

  • Prohibited:Commercial Mining, Setting of Saw Mill, Setting of industries causing pollution, establishment of major hydroelectric projects etc.
  • Regulated: Felling of Trees, Establishment of hotels and resorts, erection of electrical cables, Drastic change of agricultural systems etc.

Permitted : Ongoing agriculture and horticulture practices by local communities, rain water harvesting, organic farming etc.

Question 74 [CLICK ON ANY COICE TO KNOW RIGHT ANSWER]
Exercise "Ajeya warrior" is a joint military exercise between India and which of the following country?
A
Russia
B
USA
C
United Kingdom
D
Japan
Question 74 Explanation: 
Fifth edition of Joint Military Exercise AJEYA WARRIOR-2020 between India and United Kingdom will be conducted at Salisbury Plains, United Kingdom from 13 to 26 February 2020. It was held for the first time in 2013. The aim of this exercise is to conduct company level joint training with emphasis on counter terrorists operation in Urban and Semi Urban areas. Training on modern weapon systems, equipment and simulator training have also been planned. Notably, in the series of military training exercises undertaken by India with various countries, Exercise AJEYA WARRIOR with United Kingdom is an important exercise in terms of the security challenges faced by both the nations in the realm of changing facets of global terrorism. The exercise is conducted alternatively in United Kingdom and India. The joint military exercise displays a bilateral willingness to work jointly and share operating procedures to deal with a situation in a specified operational setting. Exercise AJEYA WARRIOR will promote defence cooperation and enhance interoperability while sharing experiences between both the armies.
Question 75 [CLICK ON ANY COICE TO KNOW RIGHT ANSWER]
Nobel Prize in Physics for the year 2019 is won for which among the following studies?
A
Theoretical discoveries in physical cosmology
B
Discovery of an exoplanet orbiting a star similar to sun
C
Both A and B
D
None
Question 75 Explanation: 
The 2019 Nobel prize for Physics was awarded to Swiss Scientists Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz and Canadian - American physicist James Peebles. One half of the prize was won by the American for his contribution towards "Theoretical discoveries in physical cosmology". The other half was shared between the Swiss scientists for their work on "Discovery of an exoplanet orbiting a star similar to sun". The prize consists of 914,000 USD that will be split with one half to the American scientist and the other half to be shared between the Swiss scientists.
James Peebles discoveries: The Canadian - American physicist James Peebles had contributed several discoveries in the field of physical cosmology for which he is awarded with the prize. His discoveries are as follows:
* In 1987, Peebles proposed Primordial Isocurvature Baryon Model which explains the development of early Universe.
* He is also known for the Ostriker - Peebles criterion that related to the stability of galactic formation.
* He has made significant contributions towards cosmic microwave background radiation, Big Bang nucleosynthesis, dark energy and dark matter.
* He was the pioneer in the theory of Cosmic structure formation. "
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