UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 165

UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 165

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Question 16 [CLICK ON ANY COICE TO KNOW RIGHT ANSWER]
The first ever G20 Digital Ministerial Meeting on Digital Economy was held in which country?
A
India
B
Russia
C
Germany
D
China
Question 16 Explanation: 
Germany
Question 17 [CLICK ON ANY COICE TO KNOW RIGHT ANSWER]
Which of the following provisions are related to the Charter Act of 1813?
A
It ended the activities of the East India Company as a commercial body.
B
It introduced for the first time, local representation in the Central Legislative Council.
C
For the first time explicitly defined the constitutional position of the British territories in India.
D
It separated for the first time, the legislative and executive functions of the Governor-General's council.
Question 17 Explanation: 

Statement a - Charter Act of 1833.

Statement b and d - Charter Act of 1853. "

Question 18 [CLICK ON ANY COICE TO KNOW RIGHT ANSWER]
What does National Treatment mean with respect to the WTO?
  1. All countries must not discriminate between imported and domestic product.
  2. WTO members must not discriminate between imported and domestic product.
  3. Exported products of a WTO member state must not be discriminated by other members via-a-vis domestic products.
A
2 and 1 only
B
1 and 3 only
C
2 and 3 only
D
1, 2 and 3
Question 18 Explanation: 
2 and 3 only
Question 19 [CLICK ON ANY COICE TO KNOW RIGHT ANSWER]
Consider the following statements with respect to "National Security Act":
  1. NSA was enacted before independence.
  2. NSA empowers the Centre or a State government to detain a person to prevent him from acting in any manner prejudicial to national security.
Which of the following codes below given is/are correct?
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2
Question 19 Explanation: 
The Congress-led government in Madhya Pradesh invoked the National Security Act (NSA) 1980 against three men accused of killing a cow near Kharkhali village. This and a spate of recent cases, in which different State governments have invoked the stringent provisions of the NSA to detain citizens for questionable offences, have brought the focus back on the potential abuse of the controversial law. Put simply, the NSA empowers the Centre or a State government to detain a person to prevent him from acting in any manner prejudicial to national security. The maximum period for which one may be detained is 12 months. But the term can be extended if the government finds fresh evidence. Post-independence India got its first preventive detention rule when the government of Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru enacted the Preventive Detention Act of 1950. The NSA is a close iteration of the 1950 Act. After the Preventive Detention Act expired on December 31, 1969, the then Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi, brought in the controversial Maintenance of Internal Security Act (MISA) in 1971 giving similar powers to the government. Though the MISA was repealed in 1977 after the Janata Party came to power, the successive government, led by Mrs. Gandhi, brought in the NSA.
Question 20 [CLICK ON ANY COICE TO KNOW RIGHT ANSWER]
Which of the following Plateaus are formed by the solidification of molten lava which had escaped from the earth's interior to its surface at different geological times?
  1. The Malwa Plateau
  2. Kimberlay Plateau
  3. Tibetian Plateau
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
A
1 and 2 only
B
2 and 3 only
C
1 and 3 only
D
1, 2 and 3
Question 20 Explanation: 
The highest and biggest plateau on Earth, the Tibetan Plateau in East Asia, resulted from a collision between two tectonic plates about 55 million years ago. The land buckled up along the seam of the collision and formed the Himalaya mountain range. Farther away, the crust uplifted but didn't crumple and wrinkle, creating instead a raised, flat, and wide open expanse known as the "roof of the world." The Malwa plateau and Deccan traps of India, Columbia and Snake Rivers Plateau of North America, Kimberlay Plateau of Australia and Parana and Patagonian Plateaus of South America were also formed by the solidification of molten lava which had escaped from the earth's interior to its surface at different geological times.
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