UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 168

 

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UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 168

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Question 1
Which of the following is/are correct regarding the Adopt a Heritage Scheme?
  1. The scheme will allow private and public sector corporations to adopt most of India's top heritage sites and improve tourism in such sites.
  2. The agency will be selected on the basis of the unique concept of vision bid and no financial bid is involved in the scheme.
  3. These agencies are referred as Monument Mitras.
A
1 and 3 only
B
2 and 3 only
C
1 and 2 only
D
1, 2 and 3
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Question 1 Explanation: 
All three are correct. Read more on the .
Question 2
Consider the following statements:
  1. The Australia Group is a multilateral export control regime with 43 members.
  2. It aims to help member countries to identify those exports which need to be controlled so as not to contribute to the spread of chemical only.
  3. EU is a member of Australia Group.
Which of the above statements are correct?
A
1 and 2 only
B
1 and 3 only
C
2 and 3 only
D
All of the above
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Question 2 Explanation: 
Australia Group
  • The Australia Group is a multilateral export control regime (MECR) and an informal group of countries (now joined by the European Commission) established in 1985 (after the use of chemical weapons by Iraq in 1984) to help member countries to identify those exports which need to be controlled so as not to contribute to the spread of chemical and biological weapons.
  • With the incorporation of India on January 19, 2018, it now has 43 members, including Australia, the European Commission, all 28 member states of the European Union, Ukraine, and Argentina. The name comes from Australia's initiative to create the group. Australia manages the secretariat.
  • The initial members of the group had different assessments of which chemical precursors should be subject to export control. Later adherents initially had no such controls.
  • Today, members of the group maintain export controls on a uniform list of 54 compounds, including several that are not prohibited for export under the Chemical Weapons Convention, but can be used in the manufacture of chemical weapons.
  • The first was the no-undercut requirement, which stated that any member of the group considering making an export to another state that had already been denied an export by any other member of the group must first consult with that member state before approving the export.
  • The second was the catch-all provision, which requires member states to halt all exports that could be used by importers in chemical or biological weapons programs, regardless of whether the export is on the group's control lists. Delegations representing the members meet every year in Paris, France.
Question 3
INDRA - A bilateral exercise between India and Russia. It is
A
Army exercise
B
Navy exercise
C
Air force Exercise
D
Tri-services exercise
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Question 3 Explanation: 

INDRA-2017 is the first tri-service bilateral exercise between the India and Russia. Indian contingent flew in IL-76 aircraft of the Indian Air Force to Vladivostok comprising of Army and Air Force personnel.

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Question 4
The negative impacts of urban heat islands include
    1. Increased energy consumption
    2. Elevated emissions of air pollutants
    3. Lengthening of the plant-growing season
    Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A
1 and 2 only
B
3 only
C
1, 2 and 3
D
None of the above
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Question 4 Explanation: 

Elevated temperatures from urban heat islands, particularly during the summer, can affect a community's environment and quality of life. While some impacts may be beneficial, such as lengthening the plant-growing season, the majority of them are negative.

Elevated summertime temperatures in cities increase energy demand for cooling. Companies that supply electricity typically rely on fossil fuel power plants to meet much of this demand, which in turn leads to an increase in air pollutant and greenhouse gas emissions.

https://www.epa.gov/heat-islands/heat-island-impacts ;

Improvisation: http://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/the-urban-heat-island-effect/article21860626.ece ;

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Question 5
Which of these is/ are constitutional posts?
  1. Special Officer for linguistic minorities
  2. Advocate General
  3. Solicitor General
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
A
1 and 2 only
B
1 and 3 only
C
2 and 3 only
D
1, 2 and 3
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Question 5 Explanation: 
1 and 2 only
There are 5 questions to complete.

 

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