UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 172

 

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UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 172

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Question 1
Which of the following statements is/are correct?
  1. Hiuen Tsang visited India during Harshavardhana's reign.
  2. Harsha could not expand his kingdom to south India because he was defeated by the Chalukya king Pulakesin II.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2
GK Questions answers

Question 1 Explanation: 
Both are correct. Read more on .
Question 2
That Section 497 of the Indian Penal Code is discriminatory, was an argument dismissed by the Supreme Court in 1985 as the said section was found to be in tune with which one of the following articles of the Indian Constitution?
A
15 (3) (exceptions to the general rule of non-discrimination)
B
19 (2) (imposition of 'reasonable restrictions' on the right to freedom of speech and expression)
C
21 (Protection of life and personal liberty)
D
25 (Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion)
Management Questions answers

Question 2 Explanation: 

About Section 497 of the IPC: The Supreme Court on Friday said the dusty Victorian provision of adultery in the Indian Penal Code treats a married woman as her husband's "subordinate."

The court admitted a petition to drop adultery as a criminal offence from the statute book. Section 497 of the IPC mandates that "Whoever has sexual intercourse with a person who is and whom he knows or has reason to believe to be the wife of another man, without the consent or connivance of that man, such sexual intercourse not amounting the offence of rape, is guilty of the offence of adultery and shall be punished."

Issuing notice, the court would examine two aspects of the penal provision. One, why does Section 497 treat the man as the adulterer and the married woman as a victim.

Relating to the above question (1985 SC Judgment): "Answering the question why a wife cannot be prosecuted as an abettor to adultery, Justice Vivian Bose, speaking for the Bench, said the protection from prosecution given to women under Section 497 is in tune with Article 15 (3) of the Constitution. Article 15 (3) allows the legislature to make "special provisions" which are "beneficial" for women and children."

http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/supreme-court-agrees-to-examine-adultery-provision-in-ipc/article21296775.ece ;

http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/scs-re-visit-of-adultery-law-signals-a-paradigm-shift-in-the-courts-sensibility/article21332156.ece ; "

Question 3
Consider the following statements about ParamparagatKrishiVikasYojana
  1. It is to promote organic farming
  2. There is no liability for farmers for expenditure on certification.
Which of the above statement(s) is/are correct?
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
Both 1 & 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2
Data interpretation (DI) Questions answers

Question 3 Explanation: 
It is to promote organic farming and the products will be linked with the market. It will be implemented in a cluster based approach and farmers will be funded to meet the expenditure from farm to market. There is no liability for farmers for expenditure on certification.
Question 4
Consider the following statements about Sinking Fund:
1. It is a method of repayment of public debt.
2. It is created by the government out of budgetary revenues every year.
Which of the above given statement is/are correct?
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2
Commerce Questions answers

Question 4 Explanation: 
A sinking fund is a type of fund that is created and set up purposely for repaying debt. The owner of the account sets aside a certain amount of money regularly and uses it only for a specific purpose. Often, it is used by corporations for bonds and deposits money to buy back issued bonds or parts of bonds before the maturity date arrives. It is also one way of enticing investors because the fund helps convince them that the issuer will not default on their payments.
Basically, the sinking fund is created to make paying off a debt easier and to ensure that a default won't happen because there is a sufficient amount of money available to repay the debt. Though most bonds take several years to mature, it is always be easier and more convenient to be able to reduce the principal amount long before it matures, consequently lowering credit risk.
A sinking fund is a fund created by the government and gradually accumulated every year by setting aside a part of current public revenue in such a way that it would be sufficient to pay off the funded debt at the time of maturity. Under this method, the aggregate burden of public debt is least felt, as the burden of taxing the people to repay the debt is spread evenly over the period of the accumulation of the fund. The preferable alternative for the government is to raise a new loan and credit the proceeds of sinking fund. It is a separate fund established by a government. "
Question 5
Consider the following conditions:
1. A party secures 6% of valid votes polled in four or more states in General elections
2. If the party is recognized as a state party in at least 5 states.
3. Party wins 2 per cent of seats in Lok sabha.
Which of the above given conditions are necessary for a party to be recognized as a national party?
A
1 and 2 only
B
2 and 3 only
C
1 and 3 only
D
1, 2 and 3
UPSC Questions answers

Question 5 Explanation: 
The Election Commission registers political parties for the purpose of elections and grants them recognition as national or state parties on the basis of their poll performance. The other parties are simply declared as registered unrecognized parties.
At present (2016), a party is recognised as a national party if any of the following conditions is fulfilled:
1. If it secures six per cent of valid votes polled in any four or more states at a general election to the Lok Sabha or to the legislative assembly; and, in addition, it wins four seats in the Lok Sabha from any state or states; or
2. If it wins two per cent of seats in the Lok Sabha at a general election; and these candidates are elected from three states; or
3. If it is recognised as a state party in four states. "
There are 5 questions to complete.

 

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