UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 175
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Question 1 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
- Pradhan Mantri Matruvandana Yojana and Mission Indradhanush work under Ministry of Women and Child Development.
- Mission Indradhanush provides support to pregnant and lactating women.
Both 1 and 2
Neither 1 nor 2
- Pradhan Mantri Matruvandana Yojana, which provides support to pregnant and lactating women, works under the Ministry of Women and Child Development.
- Mission Indradhanush, which seeks to increase rates of complete immunisation of women and children, is under the Ministry of Health.
Question 2 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
- The first city discovered in harappan civilization is Mohenjadaro.
- Largest site of Indus valley civilization is Harappa.
- Based on the evidences it is strongly believed that Indus valley people are atheist.
1 and 2 only
2 and 3 only
All the above
None of the above
First site discovered in Indus valley civilization is Harappa and thus got the name harappan civilization.
Largest site in Indus valley civilization ever discovered is Mohenjadaro.
Based on the evidences like Pasupati seals, Fire altars, great bath etc, It is strongly believed that people lived in Indus valley are believed in God.
Question 3 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
- President can disqualify MLAs for holding an 'office of profit'
- Office of profit seeks to enforce the principle of separation of power between the legislature and the executive
- State legislatures have power to enact laws for exempting certain offices from the purview of office of profit
2 and 3
1, 2 and 3
- In 2018, Following the recommendation of the Election Commission (EC), the President disqualified 20 MLAs of the Delhi Legislative Assembly last month for holding an 'office of profit'. The legislators in question were appointed as parliamentary secretaries to various ministries in the Delhi government.
- MPs and MLAs, as members of the legislature, hold the government accountable for its work. The essence of disqualification under the office of profit law is if legislators holds an 'office of profit' under the government, they might be susceptible to government influence, and may not discharge their constitutional mandate fairly. The intent is that there should be no conflict between the duties and interests of an elected member. Hence, the office of profit law simply seeks to enforce a basic feature of the Constitution- the principle of separation of power between the legislature and the executive.
- What does Constitution says about holding an Office of Profit?
- Under the provisions of Article 102 (1) and Article 191 (1) of the Constitution, an MP or an MLA (or an MLC) is barred from holding any office of profit under the central or state government. The articles clarify that "a person shall not be deemed to hold an office of profit under the government of India or the government of any state by reason only that he is a minister". The Constitution specifies that the number of ministers including the Chief Minister has to be within 15% of the total number of members of the assembly (10% in the case of Delhi, which is a union territory with legislature).
- Provisions of Articles 102 and 191 also protect a legislator occupying a government position if the office in question has been made immune to disqualification by law. In the recent past, several state legislatures have enacted laws exempting certain offices from the purview of office of profit. Parliament has also enacted the Parliament (Prevention of Disqualification) Act, 1959, which has been amended several times to expand the exempted list.
Question 4 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
- Which of the following is/are the example(s) of chemical change?
- Using a chemical battery
- Baking a cake
- Rotting of bananas
2 and 3 only
1 and 3 only
1, 2 and 3
Chemical changes involve chemical reactions and the creation of new products. Typically, a chemical change is irreversible.
In contrast, physical changes do not form new products and are reversible. Examples of physical change include: change of state, creation or separation of a mixture, physical deformation such as cutting, change in color by addition of dye.
Following are the few examples of chemical change:
Rusting of iron
Combustion (burning) of wood
Metabolism of food in the body
Mixing an acid and a base, such as hydrochloric acid (HCl) and sodium hydroxide (NaOH)
Cooking an egg
Digesting sugar with the amylase in saliva
Mixing baking soda and vinegar to produce carbon dioxide gas
Baking a cake
Electroplating a metal
Using a chemical battery
Explosion of fireworks
Rotting of bananas
Grilling a hamburger
Souring of Milk
Question 5 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
- The play is about the Indigo Rebellion in Bengal in the 19th century.
- It was written by Dinabandhu Mitra and translated into English by Rev. Long.
Both 1 and 2
Neither 1 nor 2