UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 185
Part of an initiative by Jane Goodall's 'Grass Roots & Shoots' to spot young, talented people who showcase technological inventions that can improve our planet's health
Bestowed to outstanding environmental leaders by the German Environment foundation
The United Nation's highest environmental honour
Enable Earth Foundation's lifetime achievement award to individuals as well as organisations for having inspired critical action on behalf of the global environment
"..the Versova beach in Mumbai, which was infamous for its filth has now transformed into a clean and beautiful beach. People toiled for about 80-90 weeks, unceasingly and turned the beach around by extracting thousand of tonnes of waste materials. This campaign was owned by Versova Residence volunteer. A gentleman called Afroz Shah started this mission slowly people started joining his bandwagon and turned into a people's movement. For this outstanding work, United Nations Environment Programme or UNEP awarded 'Champion of the Earth' Award to Sh. Afroz Shah, and thus he has become the first Indian to achieve this distinction."
- Champions of the Earth, the UN's highest environmental honour, celebrates outstanding figures from the public and private sectors and from civil society whose actions have had a transformative, positive impact on the environment.
- It is India's first indigenous and long-range artillery gun system.
- It has a strike range of 200 kilometers.
- It is an upgraded version of Swedish Bofors gun procured by India in the mid-1980s.
1 and 2 only
1 and 3 only
2 and 3 only
1, 2 and 3
Both 1 and 2
Neither 1 nor 2
(Previous Year UPSC Question) "
1. The corridor will connect Dera baba Nanak shrine on Pakistan side and Kartarpur Gurudwara on Indian side.
2. It would allow the pilgrims to cross over into Pakistan from the Indian side to visit the shrine and return the same day.
Which of the above given statement is/are correct?
Both 1 and 2
Neither 1 nor 2
Gurudwara in Kartarpur:
* The gurdwara in Kartarpur is located on the bank of river Ravi in Pakistan.
* It is about four km from the Dera Baba Nanak shrine, and about 120 km northeast of Lahore.
* It was here that Guru Nanak assembled a Sikh community and lived for 18 years until his death in 1539.
* The shrine is visible from the Indian side, as Pakistani authorities generally trim the elephant grass that would otherwise obstruct the view.
* Indian Sikhs gather in large numbers for darshan from the Indian side, and binoculars are installed at Gurdwara Dera Baba Nanak.
* The gurdwara was opened to pilgrims after repairs and restoration in 1999, and Sikh jathas have been visiting the shrine regularly ever since.
* Sikh jathas from India travel to Pakistan on four occasions every year- for Baishakhi, the martyrdom day of Guru Arjan Dev, the death anniversary of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, and the birthday of Guru Nanak Dev.
Kartarpur Sahib Corridor
* There had been demands from the Shiromanni Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee and political leaders to build a corridor that would allow the pilgrims to cross over into Pakistan from the Indian side to visit the Kartarpur Sahib shrine and return the same day
* The corridor, once built, will give Indian pilgrims an easy access to the shrine in Kartarpur
* A bridge will need to be constructed over the Ravi and there shall be no need for passports or visas
* India will build the corridor from Dera Baba Nanak in Punjab's Gurdaspur district to the International Border, as informed by Home Minister Rajnath Singh
* Singh also informed that a high-level committee chaired by him will regularly review, monitor and oversee the implementation of activities to celebrate the 550th birth anniversary of Guru Nanak
India had first proposed the Kartarpur Sahib corridor in 1999 when the then Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee took a bus ride to Lahore. "