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UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 188
Question 1 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW THE RIGHT ANSWER]
- Fundamental Rights
- Fundamental Duties
1, 2, 3
The Constitution of India stands for a secular state. Hence, it does not uphold any particular religion as the official religion of the Indian State. The following provisions of the Constitution reveal the secular character of the Indian State:
(a) The term 'secular' was added to the Preamble of the Indian Constitution by the 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act of 1976.
(b) The Preamble secures to all citizens of India liberty of belief, faith and worship.
(c) The State shall not deny to any person equality before the law or equal protection of the laws (Article 14).
(d) The State shall not discriminate against any citizen on the ground of religion (Article 15).
(e) Equality of opportunity for all citizens in matters of public employment (Article 16).
(f) All persons are equally entitled to freedom of conscience and the right to freely profess, practice and propagate any religion (Article 25).
(g) Every religious denomination or any of its section shall have the right to manage its religious affairs (Article 26).
(h) No person shall be compelled to pay any taxes for the promotion of a particular religion (Article 27).
(i) No religious instruction shall be provided in any educational institution maintained by the State (Article 28).
(j) Any section of the citizens shall have the right to conserve its distinct language, script or culture (Article 29).
(k) All minorities shall have the right to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice (Article 30).
(l) The State shall endeavour to secure for all the citizens a Uniform Civil Code (Article 44).
The Indian Constitution embodies the positive concept of secularism, i.e., giving equal respect to all religions or protecting all religions equally.
Fundamental Duties (Article 51-A): to promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious, linguistic and regional or sectional diversities and to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women; "
Question 2 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW THE RIGHT ANSWER]
1. It is a five-day coastal exercise conducted by Coast guard
2. The exercise, named after Matla River, aimed to interact with coastal communities to spread awareness on coastal security
Which of the following codes given below is/are correct?
Both 1 and 2
Neither 1 nor 2
Question 3 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW THE RIGHT ANSWER]
Iron and Steel
Question 4 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW THE RIGHT ANSWER]
- The political leadership selected industry as the leading force of the economy after Independence-this was already decided by the dominant group of the nationalist leaders way back in the mid-1930s when they felt the need for economic planning in India before setting up the National Planning Committee in 1938.
- Hence option A is correct.
Question 5 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW THE RIGHT ANSWER]
- Pakistan - Border Security Force
- China - Assam Rifles
- Bhutan - Sashastra Seema Bal
2 and 3 only
1 and 3 only
1, 2 and 3
Bangladesh and Pakistan borders - BSF;
China border - ITBP;
Myanmar border - Assam Rifles;
Nepal and Bhutan borders - Sashastra Seema Bal;
Besides, Indian army guards land borders along the LOC on Pakistan border and LAC on China border. The Indian Navy and Coast Guard are vested with the responsibility of coastal borders, where the State (Marine) Police act as the second line of defence.
Annual Report, MHA: http://mha.nic.in/annualreports ;