UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 215

 

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UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 215

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Question 1
Consider the following types of Hindustani Music and its meaning and identify which of the following pair/s is/are correctly matched?
  1. Sabadas - Sikh religious songs
  2. Thumri - Romantic religious literature
  3. Dhrupad - Syllables stung together to set a rhythm
  4. Tarana - Effort from vocal chords and lungs
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
A
1, 2 and 3 only
B
1, 2 and 4 only
C
2, 3 and only
D
1, 2, 3 and 4
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Question 1 Explanation: 
Types of Hindustani Music and its meaning:
  • Dhrupad - Effort from vocal chords and lungs
  • Dhamar - Play of Krishna during holy
  • Khayal - Delicate, romantic and based on imagination.
  • Thumri - Romantic religious literature
  • Tappa - Quick turn of phase
  • Bhajan - Religious devotional songs
  • Tarana - Syllables stung together to set a rhythm
  • Sabadas - Sikh religious songs
  • Qawali - Indo- Muslim repertories of songs in groups.
  • Ghazal - Independent couplets on love and devotion.
Question 2
  1. Which of the following pair(s) is/are not correctly matched?
  2. First Buddhist Council- Sattapani Caves, Rajgriha,
  3. Second Buddhist Council- Pataliputra.
  4. Third Buddhist Council- Vaishali.
  5. Fourth Buddhist Council- Kundalvana, Kashmir.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
A
3 only
B
2 and 3 only
C
1, 2, 3 only
D
None of the bove.
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Question 2 Explanation: 
First Buddhist Council - Held soon after the mahaparinirvana of the Buddha, around 400 BC under the patronage of king Ajatshatru with the monk Mahakasyapa presiding, at Rajgriha, in the Sattapani Cave. The idea was to preserve Buddha's teachings (Sutta) and rules for disciples (Vinaya). Ananda, one of the great disciples of Buddha recited Suttas and Upali, another disciple recited Vinaya. AbhidhammaPitaka was also included.

Second Buddhist Council- It was held in 383 BC. This idea of this council was to settle a dispute on VinayaPitaka, the code of discipline. The dispute was on 10 Points such as storing salt in horn, eating after midday, eating once and going to villages for alms, eating sour milk after one's meal etc. It was not settles and Buddhism sects appeared for the first time. The subgroups were Sthaviravada, Mahasanghika and Sarvastivada. It was held at Vaishali under the patronage of King Kalasoka and the presidency of Sabakami. Sthaviravada followed the teachings of the elders and Mahasanghika became extinct later. Sthaviravada later continued till 3rd Buddhist council.

Third Buddhist Council- Held in 250 BC at Pataliputra under the patronage of King Asoka and under the presidency of MoggaliputtaTissa.The teachings of Buddha which were under two baskets were now classified in 3 baskets as AbhidhammaPitaka was established in this council, and they were known as "Tripitaka". It also tried to settle all the disputes of VinayaPitaka.

The Fourth Buddhist Council was held at Kundalvana, Kashmir in 72 AD under the patronage of Kushan king Kanishka and the president of this council was Vasumitra, with Asvaghosa as his deputy. This council distinctly divided the Buddhism into 2 sects Mahayan&Hinayan.

Question 3
Abhinaya Darpana, a famous treatise on dance is written by?
A
Bharata Muni
B
Nandikeshwara
C
Kalidasa
D
Bhasa
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Question 3 Explanation: 

Nandikeshvara (5th century-4th century BC) was the great theorist on stage-craft of ancient India. He was the author of the Abhinaya Darpana ("The Mirror of Gesture"), a famous treatise on dance. "

Question 4
Recently SnowEx has been in news for sometimes, this program initiated and funded by
A
NASA
B
JAXA
C
ISRO
D
ESA
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Question 4 Explanation: 
SnowEx
  • It is a five year program initiated and funded by NASA.
  • Objective: To address the most important gaps in snow remote sensing knowledge and thus lay the groundwork for a future snow satellite mission.
  • It focuses on airborne campaigns and field work, and on comparing the various sensing technologies, from the mature to the more experimental, in globally-representative types of snow.

Refer: "

Question 5
Consider the following statements regarding Republic.
  1. In a republic, the head of the state is only elected directly.
  2. It means vesting of political sovereignty in the people.
  3. Absence of any privileged class.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
A
1, 2
B
1, 3
C
2, 3
D
1, 2, 3
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Question 5 Explanation: 

In a republic, the head of the state is always elected directly or indirectly for a fixed period, eg, USA. Therefore, the term 'republic' in our Preamble indicates that India has an elected head called the president. He is elected indirectly for a fixed period of five years.

A republic also means two more things: one, vesting of political sovereignty in the people and not in a single individual like a king; second, the absence of any privileged class and hence all public offices being opened

to every citizen without any discrimination. "

There are 5 questions to complete.

 

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