UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 218

 

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UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 218

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Question 1
Consider the following statements:
  1. Between 2001 and 2011, employment growth was lower than growth in the labour force
  2. Employment elasticity is a measure of how employment growth varies with the growth in labour force
Which of the statements above is/are correct?
A
1 Only
B
2 only
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2
Education Questions answers

Question 1 Explanation: 

"The huge challenge of employment generation needs to be addressed. As the Economic Survey 2014-15 shows, regardless of the data source used, employment growth (1.40 per cent) has lagged behind growth in the labour force (2.23 per cent) between 2001 and 2011. Clearly, employment elasticity of growth, showing the effectiveness of the economic system in generating employment, seems to have declined over time."

Employment elasticity is a measure of how employment varies with economic output.

Example (From 2012): The Planning Commission says that employment elasticity has come down "from 0.44 in the first half of the decade 1999-2000 to 2004-05, to as low as 0.01 during the second half of the decade 2004-05 to 2009-10." An employment elasticity of 0.01 implies that with every 1 percentage point growth in GDP, employment increases by just one basis point. (One basis point is one-hundredth of a percentage point.) It's as good as saying that the extraordinary growth during those years didn't lead to any employment growth at all.

http://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/going-against-the-grain/article8194370.ece "

Question 2
Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF), often in news is
A
An international independent medical humanitarian organisation
B
A group of NGOs working on non-communicable diseases
C
UN organ working for medical assistance for African Nations
D
Evaluation of Border Entry Screening for Infectious Diseases in Humans
Journalism Questions answers

Question 2 Explanation: 

Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF), is an international, independent medical humanitarian organisation. It provides medical assistance to people affected by conflict, epidemics, disasters, or exclusion from healthcare. The teams are made up of tens of thousands of health professionals, logistic and administrative staff - most of them hired locally. The actions are guided by medical ethics and the principles of impartiality, independence and neutrality.

Source "

Question 3
Consider the following statement:
  1. GSTN is a statutory body passed under the GST act.
  2. It has been set up primarily to provide IT infrastructure and services to the Central and State Governments, tax payers and other stakeholders for implementation of the Goods and Services Tax (GST).
A
1 ONLY
B
2 ONLY
C
BOTH 1 AND 2
D
NEITHER 1 NOR 2
Aptitude test Questions answers

Question 3 Explanation: 
GSTN is a not for profit, non-Government, private limited company incorporated in 2013.The Union Government holds 24.5% equity in GSTN. It has been set up primarily to provide IT infrastructure and services to the Central and State Governments, tax payers and other stakeholders for implementation of Goods and Services Tax (GST). All States including two UTs (Delhi and Puducherry) and the Empowered Committee of State Finance Ministers (EC) together hold another 24.5%. Balance 51% equity is with non-Government financial institutions-HDFC Bank Ltd (10%), HDFC Ltd (10%), ICICI Bank Ltd (10%), NSE NSE Strategic Investment Corporation Ltd (10%) and LIC Housing Finance Limited (11%).
Question 4
"Lorenz curve" is associated to which of the following?
A
Unemployment
B
Inflation
C
Inequality
D
Climate Change
Reasoning Questions answers

Question 4 Explanation: 
A graph showing the degree of inequality in income and wealth in a given population or an economy. It is a rigorous way to measure income inequality. In this method (for example), personal incomes in an economy are arranged in increasing order; the cumulative share of total income is then plotted against the cumulative share of the population. The curve's slope is thus proportional to per capita income at each point of the population distribution. In the case of complete equality of income, the lorenz curve will be a straight line and with greater curvature the inequality rises proportionally-the Gini Coefficient measures this inequality.
Question 5
Consider the following statement about North Eastern Region Community Resource Management Project (NERCORMP)
  1. Its objective is to improve the livelihood of vulnerable groups in a sustainable manner
  2. NERCORMP is a joint initiative of the North eastern Council, Ministry of DoNEAR and NITI Aayog
Which of the following statement are correct
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2
English grammar Questions answers

Question 5 Explanation: 
North Eastern Region Community Resource Management Project for Upland Areas (NERCORMP) came into being to improve the livelihood of vulnerable groups in a sustainable manner through improved management of their resource base in a way that contributes to preservation and restoration of the environment. Statement 1 is correct

NERCORMP is a joint initiative of the North eastern Council, Ministry of DoNEAR and International fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD). Statement 2 is not correct

There are 5 questions to complete.

 

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