UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 78
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Income Tax Department
Financial Intelligence Unit - IND
Indra Sawhney Case
M Nagaraj Case
Jarnail Singh case
K S Puttaswamy Case
- The 'means-test and creamy layer' first finds expression in the Supreme Court's landmark judgment in Indra Sawhney versus Union of India, delivered by a nine-judge Bench on November 16, 1992.
- 'Creamy layer' are "some members of a backward class who are highly advanced socially as well as economically and educationally.
Carbon dioxide concentration in the atmosphere crosses 400ppm.
Earth is warmer than pre-industrial times.
The rate of species extinction far exceeds the normal or "background" rate.
Both b and c
Statement 'a' happened in 2015. Statement 'c' is the present scenario.
BBC : The world has experienced many periods of mass extinction caused by a variety of natural factors, but the greatest period of mass extinction the world has ever seen is occurring right now. It is reckoned that the current rate of extinction is between a hundred and a thousand times faster than the average historical extinction rate for the planet.
BBC : "Hothouse Earth" is a deadly serious concept. Researchers believe we could soon cross a threshold leading to boiling hot temperatures and towering seas in the centuries to come. Even if countries succeed in meeting their CO2 targets, we could still lurch on to this "irreversible pathway". Their study shows it could happen if global temperatures rise by 2C. An international team of climate researchers, writing in the journal, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, says the warming expected in the next few decades could turn some of the Earth's natural forces - that currently protect us - into our enemies.
In the news: TH ;
Public and private investment
India's demographic dividend and low-skilled manufacturing
Private investment and exports
Innovation and consumption
"Citing job creation and education as key priorities, the Survey sets out a plan for rapid economic expansion by recommending that policymakers keep their sights trained on strengthening "the only two truly sustainable engines - private investment and exports."
Chapter 1, State of the Economy, Economic Survey 2017-18; "
1. It was earlier called as Integrated Coastal and Marine Area Management Programme
2. It is envisaged to develop and improve the country's capabilities in addressing the challenging problems prevailing in the coastal zone Which of the following below given codes are correct?
Both 1 and 2.
Neither 1 nor 2.