UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 78

 

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UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 78

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Question 1
Which organisation is responsible for enforcing the provisions of the Prevention of Money Laundering Act?
A
CBI
B
Enforcement Directorate
C
Income Tax Department
D
Financial Intelligence Unit - IND
UPSC test Questions answers

Question 1 Explanation: 
Enforcement Directorate
Question 2
The 'means-test and creamy layer' first finds expression in the Supreme Court's landmark judgment in
A
Indra Sawhney Case
B
M Nagaraj Case
C
Jarnail Singh case
D
K S Puttaswamy Case
HRM Questions answers

Question 2 Explanation: 
  • The 'means-test and creamy layer' first finds expression in the Supreme Court's landmark judgment in Indra Sawhney versus Union of India, delivered by a nine-judge Bench on November 16, 1992.
  • 'Creamy layer' are "some members of a backward class who are highly advanced socially as well as economically and educationally.

Refer: "

Question 3
"Hothouse earth", a term recently seen in the news, most appropriately refers to a scenario in which
A
Carbon dioxide concentration in the atmosphere crosses 400ppm.
B
Earth is warmer than pre-industrial times.
C
The rate of species extinction far exceeds the normal or "background" rate.
D
Both b and c
Sociology Questions answers

Question 3 Explanation: 

Statement 'a' happened in 2015. Statement 'c' is the present scenario.

BBC : The world has experienced many periods of mass extinction caused by a variety of natural factors, but the greatest period of mass extinction the world has ever seen is occurring right now. It is reckoned that the current rate of extinction is between a hundred and a thousand times faster than the average historical extinction rate for the planet.

BBC : "Hothouse Earth" is a deadly serious concept. Researchers believe we could soon cross a threshold leading to boiling hot temperatures and towering seas in the centuries to come. Even if countries succeed in meeting their CO2 targets, we could still lurch on to this "irreversible pathway". Their study shows it could happen if global temperatures rise by 2C. An international team of climate researchers, writing in the journal, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, says the warming expected in the next few decades could turn some of the Earth's natural forces - that currently protect us - into our enemies.

In the news: TH ;

- "

Question 4
According to the latest economic survey, India must continue improving the climate for rapid economic growth on the strength of the only "two truly sustainable engines" that are
A
Public and private investment
B
India's demographic dividend and low-skilled manufacturing
C
Private investment and exports
D
Innovation and consumption
Reading comprehension Questions answers

Question 4 Explanation: 

"Citing job creation and education as key priorities, the Survey sets out a plan for rapid economic expansion by recommending that policymakers keep their sights trained on strengthening "the only two truly sustainable engines - private investment and exports."

http://www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/economic-survey-cautious-optimism/article22579781.ece ;

Chapter 1, State of the Economy, Economic Survey 2017-18; "

Question 5
Consider the following statements with respect to National Centre for Coastal Research (NCCR):
1. It was earlier called as Integrated Coastal and Marine Area Management Programme
2. It is envisaged to develop and improve the country's capabilities in addressing the challenging problems prevailing in the coastal zone Which of the following below given codes are correct?
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
Both 1 and 2.
D
Neither 1 nor 2.
Computer science Questions answers

Question 5 Explanation: 
In 1997, Government of India implemented Environment Management Capacity Building (EMCB) programme for a period of five years, funded by the International Development Association through the World Bank. The Department of Ocean Development (DOD) established a Project Directorate i.e., Integrated Coastal and Marine Area Management (ICMAM-PD), at Chennai in January,1998 with the approval of Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs to implement the EMCB programme. After completion of the World Bank assignment, it was decided by DOD to continue the activities of ICMAM, as a long-term R&D activity with a mandate to promote research addressing issues related to coastal processes, ecosystems, shoreline erosion, pollution, hazards and coastal vulnerability. The projects implemented included preparation of model ICMAM plans, GIS-based information for critical habitats, determination of waste assimilation capacity, development of EIA guidelines, determination of 'no impact zone', determination of use classification for coastal waters, shoreline management plans for selected locations, ecosystem modelling for coastal habitats, marine ecotoxicology and storm surge inundation modelling. The activities were long term in nature and continued through subsequent five year plans with expanded scope and wider geographical coverage. In order to provide a long-term organisational framework to continue these research activities, the Project Directorate is designated as the "National Centre for Coastal Research (NCCR)" an attached office of MoES. NCCR, is envisaged to develop and improve the country's capabilities in addressing the challenging problems prevailing in the coastal zone, which have societal, economical and environmental implications. These activities of NCCR would be an integral part of the Ministry's mission to offer scientific and technical support to coastal communities and stakeholders for integrated and sustainable use of resources towards socio-economic benefit of the society. "
There are 5 questions to complete.

 

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