UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 79
Which of the following statements are correct :
- Project 'Brainwave' is a project by IBM
- It is for accelerating deep learning real-time artificial intelligence
Both 1 and 2
Neither 1 nor 2
Question 1 Explanation:
Microsoft has launched Project Brainwave, a deep learning acceleration platform for real-time artificial intelligence (AI). Its launch is important as the real-time AI has increasingly became important as cloud infrastructures process live data streams, whether they be videos, sensor streams, search queries or interactions with users.
Consider the following statements with reference to Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana:
- PMFBY was launched in February 2016.
- Under the scheme, there will be a uniform premium of only 2% to be paid by farmers for all Kharif crops and 1.5% for all Rabi crops.
- There is an upper limit on Government subsidy.
1 and 2
2 and 3
1 and 3
1, 2 and 3
Question 2 Explanation:
Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (2016).
- Merged schemes include National Agricultural Insurance Scheme (NAIS) and Modified National Agricultural Insurance Scheme (MNAIS). It aims to reduce the premium burden on farmers and ensure early settlement of crop assurance claim for the full insured sum.
- There will be a uniform premium of only 2% to be paid by farmers for all Kharif crops and 5% for all Rabi crops. In case of annual commercial and horticultural crops, the premium to be paid by farmers will be only 5%.
- The premium rates to be paid by farmers are very low and balance premium will be paid by the Government to provide full insured amount to the farmers against crop loss on account of natural calamities.
- There is no upper limit on Government subsidy. Even if balance premium is 90%, it will be borne by the Government.
Who among the following below Governor-Generals started the policy of Ring-Fence?
Question 3 Explanation:
Warren Hastings took charge as the governor-general at a critical period of British rule when the British were to encounter the powerful combination of the Marathas, Mysore and Hyderabad. He followed a policy of ring-fence which aimed at creating buffer zones to defend the Company's frontiers. Broadly speaking, it was the policy of defence of their neighbours' frontiers for safeguarding their own territories. This policy of Warren Hastings was reflected in his war against the Marathas and Mysore. The chief danger to the Company's territories was from the Afghan invaders and the Marathas. To safeguard against these dangers, the Company undertook to organise the defence of the frontiers of Awadh on the condition that the Nawab would defray the expenses of the defending army. The defence of Awadh constituted the defence of Bengal during that time. Thus the states brought under the ring-fence system were assured of military assistance against external aggression-but at their own expense. In other words, these allies were required to maintain subsidiary forces which were to be organised, equipped and commanded by the officers of the Company who, in turn, were to be paid by the rulers of these states.
With reference to National Digital Communications Policy (NDCP) 2018, consider the following statements
- It aims to provide Broadband to all by 2022
- It seeks to bring India to the top 20 rank(from present 134) in the ICT Development Index of the International Telecom Union
1 and 2 both
None of the above
Question 4 Explanation:
National Digital Communications Policy (NDCP) 2018 aims to provide Broadband to all by 2022. It seeks to bring India to the top 50 rank (from present 134) in the ICT Development Index of the International Telecom Union
Consider the following pairs: Term relating to treaty actions - explanation
- Signature - Expresses the willingness of the signatory state to continue the treaty-making process, but does not establish the consent to be bound
- Ratification - A state indicating its consent to be bound to a treaty
- Accession - It has the same legal effect as Ratification
1 and 2 only
2 and 3 only
1, 2 and 3
Question 5 Explanation:
"The Convention Against Torture (CAT) came into force in 1987 and India signed it in 1997. Today, the CAT has 162 state parties; 83 are signatories.." India has so far refused to ratify it.
- Signature Subject to Ratification, Acceptance or Approval: Where the signature is subject to ratification, acceptance or approval, the signature does not establish the consent to be bound. However, it is a means of authentication and expresses the willingness of the signatory state to continue the treaty-making process.
- Ratification: Ratification defines the international act whereby a state indicates its consent to be bound to a treaty if the parties intended to show their consent by such an act. The institution of ratification grants states the necessary time-frame to seek the required approval for the treaty on the domestic level and to enact the necessary legislation to give domestic effect to that treaty.
- Accession: "Accession" is the act whereby a state accepts the offer or the opportunity to become a party to a treaty already negotiated and signed by other states. It has the same legal effect as ratification. Accession usually occurs after the treaty has entered into force.
There are 5 questions to complete.