UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 85
- The original constitution gave a constitutional status and protection to co-operative societies.
- Right to form co-operative societies is a fundamental right in India.
- Parliament in empowered to make laws with respect to multi-state cooperative societies.
The 97th Constitutional Amendment Act of 2011 gave a constitutional status and protection to co-operative societies. It made the following three changes in the Constitution:
- It made the right to form co-operative societies a fundamental right (Article 19).
- It included a new Directive Principle of State Policy on promotion of cooperative societies (Article 43-B).
- It added a new Part IX-B in the Constitution which is entitled as "The Cooperative Societies".
The new Part IX-B contains various provisions to ensure that the cooperative societies in the country function in a democratic, professional, autonomous and economically sound manner. It empowers the Parliament in respect of multi-state cooperative societies and the state legislatures in respect of other co-operative societies to make the appropriate law. "
- The increased weightage for the electricity and manufacturing sectors have been compensated by a decrease in weightage for the mining sector
- Data on electricity generation figures from renewable sources is being included in the revised index
Both 1 and 2
Neither 1 nor 2
IIP in the revised series will continue to represent the Mining, Manufacturing and Electricity sector.
- To reflect the increasing significance of electricity generation from renewable sources, it has been decided to include data on electricity generation figures from these sources in the new series.
- Additional Information: The Use-Based Classification (UBC) has been re-framed by replacing "Basic Goods" with "Primary Goods" and introducing a new "Infrastructure/ Construction goods" category.
- Deflation A. Reduction in the rate of inflation
- Disinflation B. General fall in the level of prices
- Stagflation C. Combination of inflation and rising unemployment due to recession
- Reflation D. Attempt to raise the prices to counteract the deflationary prices.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
1-A, 2-B, 3-C, 4-D
1-B, 2-A, 3-C, 4-D
1-B, 2-A, 3-D, 4-C
1-A, 2-B, 3-D, 4-C
- It is established as the successor to the planning commission
- It is statutory body created by the law of the Parliament
- The policy process of NITI Aayog is based on bottom-line approach
1 and 2
1 and 3
2 and 3
It is the Premier policy 'Think Tank' of the central government as it provides directional and policy inputs.
It is created by an executive resolution of the Union Cabinet thus it is neither a Constitutional body nor a Statutory body, it is a extra- Constitutional body.
It promotes co-operative federalism thus the policy thinking is shaped by a bottom-up approach rather than top-down approach.
- SDRF was constituted based on the recommendations of the 14th Finance Commission.
- The Central Government contributes 50% to SDRF and the remaining 50% is provided from the State Government.
- A State Government may use the funds available under the SDRF for providing immediate relief to the victims of natural disasters that they consider to be 'disasters' within the local context in the State.
- SDRF has been constituted by each state under the provisions of Disaster Management act 2005.
- It was constituted based on the recommendations of the 13th Finance Commission.
- Funding: The government of India contributes 75% and 90% of the total yearly allocation of SDRF to general states and special category states respectively.
- Heads: The state executive committee headed by the Chief Secretary is authorized to decide on all matters relating to the financing of the relief expenditure from the SDRF.
Disaster (s) covered under SDRF: Cyclone, drought, earthquake, fire, flood, tsunami, hailstorm, landslide, avalanche, cloudburst, pest attack, frost and cold waves.
Local Disaster: A State Government may use up to 10 percent of the funds available under the SDRF for providing immediate relief to the victims of natural disasters that they consider to be 'disasters' within the local context in the State and which are not included in the notified list of disasters of the Ministry of Home Affairs subject to the condition that the State Government has listed the State specific natural disasters and notified clear and transparent norms and guidelines for such disasters with the approval of the State Authority, i.e., the State Executive Authority (SEC).