UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 90

 

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UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 90

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Question 1
Consider the statements below
  1. Before the dissolution of Planning Commission, planning at state and Panchayat levels was extra-constitutional
  2. State level planning got institutionalised with the establishment of Planning Commission only
Which of the above is/are right
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
Both
D
None


Question 1 Explanation: 
  • Though the planning at the central and the state levels are still extra-constitutional activities, it has become constitutional at the local bodies level through 73rd and 74th Constitutional amendment.
  • It was by the late 1950s and the early 1960s that the states demanded the right to plan at the state level. By the mid 1960s, the states were given the power to plan by the Centre advising them that they should promote planning at the lower levels of the administrative set strata, too i.e. the district level
    planning-via the Municipalities and Corporations in the urban areas and via Block level through Panchayats and the Tribal Boards. By the early 1980s, India was a country of the multi-level planning (MLP) with the structure and strata of planning.

GS 2 - Federalism and issues - Planning at local levels - a unique feature developed in India - how it helped Panchayats and also failures "

Question 2
With reference to "Sentinel-5P", recently in news, which of the following statement is/are correct?
  1. It is an American satellite tracking the levels air pollutants around the world.
  2. It carries an instrument called Tropomi.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2


Question 2 Explanation: 
Statement 1 is correct. Sentinel- 5P, a European satellite tracking the levels air pollutants around the world has beamed back new views of the Earth's atmosphere, including images of pollution drifting away from power plants in India. The worst of this pollution runs from north of Patna in Bihar to south of Raipur in Chhattisgarh. The Sentinel-5P satellite is designed to make daily global maps of the gases and particles that pollute the air.

Statement 2 is correct. It carries an instrument called Tropomi - a spectrometer that observes the reflected sunlight coming up off the Earth, analysing its many different colours. This helps detect the presence of trace gases such as nitrogen dioxide, ozone, sulphur dioxide, methane, and carbon monoxide in the atmosphere.

Question 3
With reference to ISRO, consider the following statements
    1. Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR) was established under Jawaharlal Nehru government in 1962 under the Department of Atomic Energy
    2. first Indian-made satellite was the Rohini-75
    3. first Indian-built launch vehicle was ASLV
Which of the above given statements is/are correct?
A
1, 2
B
2, 3
C
2 only
D
1, 3


Question 3 Explanation: 
ISRO evolution, milestones and rise as a space power
  • India decided to go to space when Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR) was set up by the Government of India in 1962. With the visionary Dr Vikram Sarabhai at its helm, INCOSPAR set up the Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station (TERLS) in Thiruvananthapuram for upper atmospheric research.
  • First Indian-made satellite was the Rohini-75 (RH-75). It was launched from TERLS in 1967.
  • ISRO built its first satellite in 1975 and named it Aryabhatta. This was launched by the Soviet Union.
  • The first Indian-built launch vehicle was SLV-3 and it was used to launch the Rohini satellite in 1980.
  • ISRO launched the first INSAT in 1988. It was a communication satellite.
  • ISRO also launched the first IRS (remote-sensing satellite) in 1988.
  • ISRO has developed three types of launch vehicles (or rockets) namely, the PSLV (Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle), the GSLV (Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle) and Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark III (GSLV Mark III or LVM).
  • ISRO launched its first lunar mission Chandrayaan I in 2008.
  • It also launched the Mars Orbiter Mission or the Mangalyaan in 2014. With this, India became the first country to achieve success in putting a satellite on the Mars orbit in its maiden attempt and the fourth space agency and the first Asian agency to do so.
  • In 2017, ISRO created another world record by launching 104 satellites in a single rocket. It launched its heaviest rocket yet, the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle-Mark III and placed the GSAT 19 in orbit. There are future plans for a human spaceflight (Gaganyaan), interplanetary probes and a solar mission as well.

Refer: https://www.isro.gov.in/about-isro/isros-timeline-1960s-to-today "

Question 4
Middle income trap refers to
A
Economic policy through which one country attempts to remedy its economic problems means that tend to worsen the economic problems of other countries
B
A country having conflict of economic interests that arises between short-term domestic and long-term international objectives
C
Economic development situation, where a country which attains a certain income will get stuck at that level
D
An economic condition where the economy is ruled by Middle class because of high demand of Consumer Products


Question 4 Explanation: 
Economic development situation, where a country which attains a certain income will get stuck at that level
Question 5
With reference to Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), consider the following statements
    1. OIC is the second largest inter-governmental organization after the United Nations
    2. The OIC has permanent delegations to the United Nations and the European Union
    3. India and Pakistan are two founding members of OIC
Which of the given above statements is/are correct?
A
1 and 2
B
1 only
C
1 and 3
D
1, 2 and 3


Question 5 Explanation: 
  • Organisation of Islamic Cooperation is an international organization founded in 1969, consisting of 57 member states.
  • It is the second largest inter-governmental organization after the United Nations.
  • The organisation states that it is "the collective voice of the Muslim world" and works to "safeguard and protect the interests of the Muslim world in the spirit of promoting international peace and harmony ".
  • The OIC has permanent delegations to the United Nations and the European Union.
  • Permanent Secretariat is in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
  • India is not a member of OIC

Refer: "

There are 5 questions to complete.

 

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