UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 96

 

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UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 96

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Question 1
In reference to Nuclear Technology, which of the following statements correctly describes the term "Criticality"?
A
It refers to balance of neutrons in the system i.e a perfect balance between the production rate and the loss rate
B
It refers to a system where loss rate of neutrons is greater than the production rate of neutrons
C
It refers to a system in which production rate of neutrons is greater than loss rate of neutrons
D
None of the above is correct
Sociology Questions answers

Question 1 Explanation: 
Statement A is correct:
  • Criticality is a nuclear term that refers to the balance of neutrons in the system.
  • When the neutron population remains constant, this means there is a perfect balance between production rate and loss rate, and the nuclear system is said to be "critical."
  • The criticality of a system can be calculated by comparing the rate at which neutrons are produced, from fission and other sources, to the rate at which they are lost through absorption and leakage out of the reactor core.
  • A nuclear reactor is a system that controls this criticality or balance of neutrons.

Statement B is incorrect:

The definition given in the statement holds true for sub-critical

  • Subcritical" refers to a system where the loss rate of neutrons is greater than the production rate of neutrons and therefore the neutron population (or number of neutrons) decreases as time goes on.

Statement C is incorrect:

The statement holds true for Super-critical and not criticality.

  • "Supercritical" refers to a system where the production rate of neutrons is greater than the loss rate of neutrons and therefore the neutron population increases.
Question 2
Recently the India has organised Global Mobility Summit "Pitch to MOVE". Consider the following statement. 1) Pitch to MOVE aims to identify and incentivise the start-ups in Environment Friendly Mobility. 2) It is organised by Ministry of Road Transport and Highways.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
1 and 2 only
D
Neither 1 and 2 only
Data interpretation (DI) Questions answers

Question 2 Explanation: 
Statement 1: is correct. Pitch to MOVE aims to identify and incentivise the start-ups, which will help the Government realize its vision of Shared, Connected, Intermodal and Environment Friendly Mobility for India.

Statement 2: is wrong.It is organized by NITI Aayog in collaboration with Invest India and Society of Indian Automobile Manufacturers (SIAM).

Question 3
Consider the following statements regarding Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act (POCSO Act).
  1. The Act defines a child as any person below eighteen years of age.
  2. It is the legal duty upon a person who has knowledge that a child has been sexually abused to report the offence.
  3. The POCSO Act is only applicable to child survivors and adult offenders.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
A
1, 2
B
1, 3
C
2, 3
D
1, 2, 3
Civics Test Questions answers

Question 3 Explanation: 

The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act (POCSO Act) 2012 was formulated in order to effectively address sexual abuse and sexual exploitation of children.

The Act defines a child as any person below eighteen years of age. It defines different forms of sexual abuse, including penetrative and non-penetrative assault, as well as sexual harassment and pornography.

The Act also provides for mandatory reporting of sexual offences. This casts a legal duty upon a person who has knowledge that a child has been sexually abused to report the offence; if he fails to do so, he may be punished with six months' imprisonment and/ or a fine.

The POCSO Act is only applicable to child survivors and adult offenders. In case two children have sexual relations with each other, or in case a child perpetrates a sexual offence on an adult, the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000, will apply.

Source

Question 4
Consider the following statements regarding Strategy on Resource Efficiency.
  1. Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) in collaboration with the European Union delegation to India have released the Strategy on Resource Efficiency.
  2. This strategy is the first policy document to emphasize resource productivity in the country.
  3. The Strategy emphasizes on Sustainable Public Procurement (SSP)as an action agenda which will be the market transformation tool to transform to a resource efficient economy.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
A
1, 2
B
1, 3
C
2, 3
D
1, 2, 3
GK Questions answers

Question 4 Explanation: 

  • NITI Aayog in collaboration with the European Union delegation to India have released the Strategy on Resource Efficiency. The strategy aims to promote resource efficiency in India.
  • This strategy is the first policy document to emphasize resource productivity in the country. The Strategy emphasizes on Sustainable Public Procurement (SSP) as an action agenda which will be the market transformation tool to transform to a resource efficient economy.
  • It is developed with the recommendations from the Indian Resource Efficiency Programme (IREP), launched by the Indian Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC) and Indian Resource Panel (InRP) in April 2017.

Source "

Question 5
Recently which Government has launched a 'Cyber Safe Women' initiative to spread awareness against atrocities committed against children and women?
A
Maharashtra
B
Telangana
C
Kerala
D
Haryana
Aptitude test Questions answers

Question 5 Explanation: 
Maharashtra Government has launched a 'Cyber Safe Women' initiative under which awareness camps will be held across all the districts of the state regarding cyber safety. In a statement, Chief Minister Uddhav Thackeray has said the initiative will help in educating women about how the web is used by anti-social elements and child predators to commit various types of crimes.
There are 5 questions to complete.

 

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