UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 97

 

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UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 97

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Question 1
. Article 37 of the Indian Constitution states that
  1. Provisions contained in Part IV shall not be enforceable by any court
  2. It shall be the duty of the State to apply the principles enshrined in Part IV in making laws
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A
1 Only
B
2 Only
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2


Question 1 Explanation: 

Article 37 in The Constitution Of India 1949 : Application of the principles contained in this Part: The provisions contained in this Part shall not be enforceable by any court, but the principles therein laid down are nevertheless fundamental in the governance of the country and it shall be the duty of the State to apply these principles in making laws.

Constitutionalists apply the metaphor to courts who are forbidden by Article 37 of the Constitution to enforce by writs or orders the catena of Directive Principles of State Policy set forth in Part IV of the Constitution. But ever since 1986 (the Indian Express Building case), judges have frequently crossed the lakshmana rekha of Article 37 - simply because "the State" (the legislatures and/ or the executive) have failed to implement the Directive Principles of State Policy.

http://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/surely-mr-jaitley-2807699/ "

Question 2
In the map shown in the given figure, rivers labelled as 1, 2, 3 and 4 respectively
A
Kosi, Gomati, Ghaghara and Gandak
B
Kosi, Ganga, Gomati and Ghaghara
C
Gandak, Ganga, Gomati and Ghaghara
D
Teesta, Gomati, Ghaghara and Kosi


Question 2 Explanation: 
The rivers marked are
  1. Kosi
  2. Gomati
  3. Ghaghara
  4. Gandak
Question 3
Consider the following statements
  1. Bodhisattvas was someone who delayed his final liberation to help other sentient beings.
  2. Buddha taught that suffering and unhappiness are caused because we have cravings and desires which often cannot be fulfilled.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A
1 only
B
2 only
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2


Question 3 Explanation: 

Both the statements are correct. "

Question 4
With reference to Heart of Asia which of the following statements is/are correct?
  1. An international governmental organization that was founded in Istanbul, Turkey.
  2. A humanitarian organization to protect human life and health based in India.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A
1only
B
2 only
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2


Question 4 Explanation: 
The Heart of Asia-Istanbul Process (HOA) is an international governmental organization that was founded on November 2nd, 2011 in Istanbul, Turkey. The Heart of Asia provides a platform for sincere and results-oriented regional cooperation by placing Afghanistan at its center, in recognition of the fact that a secure and stable Afghanistan is vital to the prosperity of the Heart of Asia region.
Question 5
Which of the following will be included in a country's national income?
  1. Expenditure on purchase of an old house.
  2. Brokerage on sale of shares.
  3. Meals given to the beggars.
  4. Commission on the sale on second hand car.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
A
1, 2 and 3 only
B
1, 3 and 4 only
C
2 and 4 only
D
1, 2 and 4 only


Question 5 Explanation: 
In national income, all new goods and services produced are included. So, expenditure on purchase of an old house is not included. Brokerage on sale of shares is income of the agent for his services and it is included. Meals given to the beggars in not included because it is expenditure without any productive return. Commission on the sale on second hand car is again the income of the agent for his services and it will be included.
There are 5 questions to complete.

 

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