UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 98

 

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UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 98

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Question 1
Once an area is declared as an 'Ecologically Sensitive Zone', Which of the following activities will be prohibited? 1) Establishment of major hydro electric projects 2) Establishment of hotels and resorts 3) Setting up of saw mills 4) Widening of roads Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
A
1, 2 and 3 only
B
2, 3 and 4 only
C
1 and 3 only
D
All of the above
Commerce Questions answers

Question 1 Explanation: 
There are certain activities that are prohibited and some activities are regulated.

Activities which fall under the prohibited category include commercial mining, setting up of saw mills, setting up of industries causing pollution, establishment of major hydro electric projects, discharge of effluent and solid waste into natural water bodies or areas, use or production of any hazardous substances,etc.

While activities like felling of trees, establishment of hotels and resorts, widening of roads, protection of river banks and hill slopes,etc. comes under regulated category.

Question 2
Vinaya Pitaka dealt with the .....
A
Monastic code
B
Birth story of Buddha
C
Philosophy of Buddism
D
Jain Philosophy
KBC Questions answers

Question 3
Which of the following provisions in the Constitution can be amended by a simple majority of the two Houses of Parliament?
  1. Elections to Parliament and state legislatures.
  2. Union territories.
  3. Delimitation of constituencies.
  4. Abolition or creation of legislative councils in states
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
A
1, 2 and 3 only
B
2, 3 and 4 only
C
2 and 4 only
D
1, 2, 3 and 4
EVS Questions answers

Question 3 Explanation: 
A number of provisions in the Constitution can be amended by a simple majority of the two Houses of Parliament outside the scope of Article 368.

Some of them are as follows:

  1. Admission or establishment of new states.
  2. Formation of new states and alteration of areas, boundaries or names of existing states.
  3. Abolition or creation of legislative councils in states.
  4. Second Scheduleemoluments, allowances, privileges and so on of the president, the governors, the Speakers, judges, etc.
  5. Conferment of more jurisdictions to the Supreme Court.
  6. Elections to Parliament and state legislatures.
  7. Delimitation of constituencies.
  8. Union territories.
  9. Fifth Scheduleadministration of scheduled areas and scheduled tribes and Sixth Scheduleadministration of tribal areas. Etc
Question 4
The objectives of 'NISHTHA' mega-training programme are:
  1. To equip all the elementary stage teachers on learning outcomes, school-based assessment, learner -centered pedagogy, new initiatives in education and addressing diverse needs of children through multiple pedagogies.
  2. To orient state functionaries and school principals on learning outcomes, national achievement survey, learner- centered pedagogy and new initiatives in school education so that they are able to monitor schools and extend support to schools for the implementation of new initiatives.
Select the correct code:
A
1 Only
B
2 Only
C
Both
D
None
English grammar Questions answers

Question 4 Explanation: 
NISHTHA - National Initiative for School Heads' and Teachers' Holistic Advancement is an initiative to build capacities of teachers and school principals at the elementary stage.

The initiative is an Integrated Teacher Training Programme of the Department of School Education and Literacy, Ministry of HRD as part of its National Mission to improve learning outcomes at the Elementary level under the Centrally Sponsored Scheme of Samagra Shiksha during 2019-20.

The programme aims to build the capacities of around 42 lakh participants covering all teachers and Heads of Schools at the elementary level in all Government schools, faculty members of State Councils of Educational Research and Training (SCERTs), District Institutes of Education and Training (DIETs) as well as Block Resource Coordinators and Cluster Resource Coordinators in all States and UTs.

The objectives of Nishtha mega-training programme are:

  • To equip all the elementary stage teachers on learning outcomes, school based assessment, learner -centred pedagogy, new initiatives in education and addressing diverse needs of children through multiple pedagogies, etc.
  • To monitor and provide extensive support to the teachers using multiple modes up to the classroom level, in view of improving learning outcomes of the students.
  • To orient state functionaries and school principlas on learning outcomes, national achievement survey, learner- centred pedagogy and new initiatives in school education so that they are able to monitor schools and extend support to schools for the implementation of new initiatives.
Question 5
Consider the following statements: 1.Indian soils are deficient in micronutrients, especially zinc
  1. Zinc deficiency is a condition characterised by stunting in children
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2
UPSC test Questions answers

Question 5 Explanation: 

It is well-known that urea prices in India are among the lowest in the world (hovering around $ 86 per tonne). Urea prices in neighbouring countries in South and Southeast Asia, including China, are at least two to three-times higher.

  • Also, the price ratio of urea to DAP and MOP is highly skewed. No wonder, Indian farmers are using higher doses of urea (nitrogen) compared to phosphate (DAP) and potash (MOP), and not getting the best results in terms of yields.
  • Also Indian soils are deficient in micronutrients, especially zinc (about 48 per cent) - a fallout of which is zinc deficiency in wheat and rice, which, in turn, contributes to stunting in children.

The imbalanced use of N, P and K, therefore, needs urgent correction. Extremely low prices of urea also lead to its diversion to non-agricultural uses - as well as smuggling to neighbouring countries - that needs to be checked.

Source: http://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/from-plate-to-plough-for-farmers-the-next-big-idea-4987307/ ;

For additional reading: http://www.who.int/whr/2002/chapter4/en/index3.html ;

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There are 5 questions to complete.

 

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