UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 109

 

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UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 109

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Question 1
Agrarian question could not be satisfactorily solved during the Congress stint in provinces in 1937. Which of the following can be attributed as reasons
  1. Congress wanted to maintain class harmony
  2. Second chamber in Provincial legislatures was a hurdle
  3. Provinces lacked financial resources
Select the right code
A
1 and 2
B
2 and 3
C
1 and 3
D
All of them


Question 1 Explanation: 
  • Congress could not attempt a complete overhaul of the agrarian structure by completely eliminating the zamindari
  • According to the constitutional structure of the 1935 Act, the provincial Ministries did not have enough powers to do so. They also suffered from an extreme lack of financial resources, for the lion's share of India's revenues was appropriated by the Government of India.
  • The strategy of class adjustment also forebade it. A multi-class movement could develop only by balancing or adjusting various, mutually clashing class interests. To unite all the Indian people in their struggle against colonialism, the main enemy of the time, it was necessary to make such an adjustment
  • Further, nearly all the Congress-run states (that is, U.P., Bihar, Bombay, Madras and Assam) had reactionary second chambers in the form of legislative councils, which were elected on a very narrow franchise - while the number of voters for the assemblies in these states was over 17.5 million, it was less than 70 thousand for the second chambers. These were, therefore, dominated by landlords, capitalists and moneylenders, with the Congress forming a small minority

Source - Chapter 26, Bipan Chandra

GS 1 - Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues

  • The reasons stated above have been true after independence as well.
"
Question 2
Which of the following article enables the Supreme Court to review its own judgments, subject to the provisions of any law made by Parliament?
A
137
B
145
C
142
D
138


Question 2 Explanation: 
  • Under Article 137, the Supreme Court has the power to review any of its judgments or orders.
  • Scope for review:
    • When a review takes place, the law is that it is allowed not to take fresh stock of the case but to correct grave errors that have resulted in the miscarriage of justice.
    • The court has the power to review its rulings to correct a "patent error" and not "minor mistakes of inconsequential import".

Refer: "

Question 3
In which one of the following States is Lippa-Asra Wildlife Sanctuary located?
A
Arunachal Pradesh
B
Himachal Pradesh
C
Sikkim
D
Mizoram


Question 3 Explanation: 

Snow leopards have been spotted in Lippa-Asra wildlife sanctuary in Kinnaur district of Himachal Pradesh. This finding indicates that snow leopards are inhabiting new areas. "

Question 4
Which among the following statement is incorrect about the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) of India?
A
He controls the entire financial system of the country at both the levels-the Centre and the state.
B
He swears to devote himself to the service and well-being of the people of India.
C
He can be removed by the President on same grounds and in the same manner as a judge of the Supreme Court.
D
He is not eligible for further office.


Question 4 Explanation: 
Statement b is incorrect. The CAG, before taking over his office, makes and subscribes before the President an oath or affirmation:
  1. To bear true faith and allegiance to the Constitution of India;
  2. To uphold the sovereignty and integrity of India;
  3. To duly and faithfully and to the best of his ability, knowledge and judgement perform the duties of his office without fear or favour, affection or ill-will; and
  4. To uphold the Constitution and the laws.
Question 5
Consider the following statements regarding BIEN (Basic Income European Network): 1.It is a body under European Union. 2.It aims to serve as a link between all countries interested in basic income. Select the correct code given below:
A
1 and 2 only
B
2 only
C
1 only
D
Neither 1 nor 2


Question 5 Explanation: 
It is an international network that serves as a link between individuals and groups interested in basic income, and fosters informed discussion of the topic throughout the world.The mission of the Basic Income Earth Network (BIEN) is to offer education to the wider public about alternative arguments about, proposals for, and problems concerning, basic income as idea, institution, and public policy practice. To this end, BIEN organises public conferences around the world on an annual basis in which empirical research and new ideas are disseminated and discussed
There are 5 questions to complete.

 

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