UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 111

 

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UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 111

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Question 1
Consider the following statements regarding Strategic Disinvestment Process.
  1. Department of Investment and Public Asset Management (DIPAM) under the Ministry of Finance is the nodal department for the strategic stake sale.
  2. DIPAM and NITI Aayog will jointly identify PSUs for strategic disinvestment.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
Both
D
None
KBC Questions answers

Question 1 Explanation: 

  • Department of Investment and Public Asset Management (DIPAM) under the Ministry of Finance has been made the nodal department for the strategic stake sale.
  • This was done with a view to streamlining and speeding up the process and reducing the role of administrative ministries.
  • DIPAM and NITI Aayog will now jointly identify PSUs for strategic disinvestment.

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Question 2
Consider the following statements: 1.As a fraction of GDP, expenditures on Research and Development (R&D) have been stagnant over the past two decades. 2.As a share of all R&D expenditure, public expenditure has reduced over the past two decades. 3.Unlike in most countries, the government in India is not just the primary source of R&D funding but also its primary user. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
A
1 and 2 only
B
2 only
C
1 and 3 only
D
1, 2 and 3
Sociology Questions answers

Question 2 Explanation: 

India's spending on R&D (about 0.6 percent of GDP) is well below that in major nations such as the US (2.8), China (2.1), Israel (4.3) and Korea (4.2). It is also unique in how dominant government is in carrying out R&D. In most countries, the private sector carries out the bulk of research and

development even if government must play an import funding role. However, in India, the government is not just the primary source of R&D funding but also its the primary user of these funds. Even more, government expenditure on R&D is undertaken almost entirely by the central government.

2017-18 Economic Survey Volume 1;

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Question 3
With reference to Bonnethead shark, consider the following statements:
  1. It is commonly found in shallow estuaries and bays.
  2. It is capable of digesting and assimilating seagrass nutrients.
  3. The species is currently assessed as Endangered in the IUCN Red List.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/ are correct?
A
1 only
B
2 and 3 only
C
1 and 2 only
D
1, 2 and 3
Public administration Questions answers

Question 3 Explanation: 
Statement 1 and 2 are Correct.
  • The Bonnethead Shark (Sphyrna tiburo) is a very abundant, small hammerhead shark that is found in shallow estuaries and bays on the Atlantic and Pacific Ocean coasts of the Americas as well as in the Gulf of Mexico.
  • Bonnethead sharks can consume copious amount of seagrass but they are actually capable of digesting and assimilating seagrass nutrients, making them clear omnivores. The bonnethead shark, a small member of the hammerhead family, was long thought to be a strict carnivore. However, scientists have now found that the bonnethead follows an omnivorous diet in which seagrass plays a key nutritional role.

Statement 3 is Incorrect. The species is currently assessed as Least Concern in the IUCN Red List.

Question 4
Consider the following statements about World Health Organization:
    1. The US is the largest contributor to the WHO followed by China.
    2. WHO came into existence on 7 April, 1945 - a date which is now celebrated every year as World Health Day.
Which of the given above statements is/are correct?
A
1 Only
B
2 Only
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2
Reasoning Questions answers

Question 4 Explanation: 
  • Stat2: WHO came into existence on 7 April, 1948 - a date which is now celebrated every year as World Health Day.
  • The organisation has more than 7,000 people working in 150 country offices, six regional offices and at its headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland.
  • Stat1: Largest contributions:
    • The United States is currently the WHO's biggest contributor, making up 14.67 per cent of total funding by providing $553.1 million.
    • The US is followed by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation forming 9.76 per cent or $367.7 million.
    • The third biggest contributor is the GAVI Vaccine Alliance at 8.39 per cent, with the UK (7.79 per cent) and Germany (5.68 per cent) coming fourth and fifth respectively.
    • The four next biggest donors are international bodies: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (5.09 per cent), World Bank (3.42 per cent), Rotary International (3.3 per cent), and the European Commission (3.3 per cent). India makes up 0.48 per cent of total contributions, and China 0.21 per cent.

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Question 5
Consider the following statements with respect to Commercial Courts, Commercial Division and Commercial Appellate Division of High Courts(Amendment) Bill of 2018: 1) The objective is to set India at the top of the Ease of Doing Business index of the World Bank. 2)The specified value of a commercial dispute has been reduced from 1 crore to 3 lakh in the bill. 3)Pre-Institution Mediation has been introduced in cases where no urgent or interim relief is contemplated. Which of the above given statements is/are correct?
A
1 only
B
1,2 and 3
C
2 and 3 only
D
1 and 2 only
Civics Test Questions answers

Question 5 Explanation: 
The Commercial Courts, Commercial Division and Commercial Appellate Division of High Courts (Amendment) Bill of 2018 intends to jump-start India as a sought-out business destination in the world. Its objective is to set India at the top of the 'Ease of Doing Business' index of the World Bank. It aims to create a conducive regulatory environment for investors to set up and operate businesses.The Bill proposes to lower the specified value of a commercial dispute to Rs. 3 lakh from the present Rs. 1 crore so that commercial disputes of a reasonable value can be decided by commercial courts.Pre-Institution Mediation has been introduced in cases where no urgent or interim relief is contemplated.
There are 5 questions to complete.

 

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