UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 111

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UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 111

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Question 96 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
The first modern formulation of the doctrine of 'separation of powers' was that of
A
Voltaire
B
Montesquieu
C
Thomas Jefferson
D
Peter Singer
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Question 96 Explanation: 

A mains-oriented question.

The doctrine may be traced to ancient and medieval theories of mixed government, which argued that the processes of government should involve the different elements in society such as monarchic, aristocratic, and democratic interests. The first modern formulation of the doctrine was that of the French writer Montesquieu in De l'esprit des lois (1748), although the English philosopher John Locke had earlier argued that legislative power should be divided between king and Parliament.

https://www.britannica.com/topic/separation-of-powers ;

Improvisation: : http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/why-dont-you-trust-pm-law-minister-asks-judiciary/article20945761.ece ;

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Question 97 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
Arrange the following Capitals from South to North based on their geographical location:
  1. Cairo
  2. Amman
  3. Damascus
  4. Beirut
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
A
1-2-3-4
B
2-1-4-3
C
1-2-4-3
D
2-1-3-4
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Question 98 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
Consider the following statements:
  1. Statutory grants are funds uniformly divided among all the states from the Central resources.
  2. Statutory grants are charged on Consolidated Fund of India.
Which of the above statement(s) is/are correct?
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2
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Question 98 Explanation: 
Statement 1 is incorrect.

Statutory grants are d states. Article 275 empowers the Parliament to make grants to the states which are in need of financial assistance and not to every state.

Statement 2 is correct.

The sums sanctioned under the Article 275 as statutory grants are charged on the Consolidated Fund of India every year.

Question 99 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
Consider the following statements:
  1. Holozoic nutrition includes ingestion, digestion and absorption of food as in Amoeba, frogs and human beings.
  2. The organisms that live on or inside other living organisms, and derive their food from them are called parasites
  3. Organisms that derive their food from dead and decaying organisms are called saprotrophs.
Which of the above statement(s) is/ are correct?
A
1 and 2 only
B
2 and 3 only
C
1 and 3 only
D
1, 2 and 3
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Question 99 Explanation: 
The organisms, which depend on other organisms for their food, are called heterotrophs and their mode of nutrition is heterotrophic nutrition.

Heterotrophic nutrition is of various types

(i) Holozoic nutrition: Holozoic nutrition includes ingestion, digestion and absorption of food as in Amoeba, frogs and human beings.

(ii) Parasitic nutrition: Have you ever been bitten by a head louse or a bed bug or had worms inside the body? These organisms that live on or inside other living organisms, and derive their food from them are called parasites and the nutrition is called parasitic nutrition. Cuscuta or Dodder plant (Amar bel) is a parasite on green plants.

(iii) Saprotrophic nutrition: You must have seen a white cottony growth developing on your wet leather shoes or belts especially when they get wet during rainy days. This is a fungus. The fungus grows and feeds on substances, which were once part of the living organisms, such as stored food, wood, leather and rotten plant products. Some common examples are mushrooms, bread mould, yeast, etc. Organisms that derive their food from dead and decaying organisms are called saprotrophs. Saprotrophs help in cleaning the environment by decomposing the dead and decaying organic matter.

Question 100 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
Consider the following statements with respect to forest area in the country:
1. In India more than 35 percent of the geographical land cover with forest area
2. According to National Forest Policy 1952, 33% of the geographical area should be forest area
Which of the following codes given below is/are correct?
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2
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Question 100 Explanation: 
Forest area in the country is far lower than the desired 33 per cent of geographical area, as it was outlined in the National Forest Policy (1952). It was considered essential for maintenance of the ecological balance.
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