UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 113

UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 113

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Question 1 [CLICK ON ANY COICE TO KNOW RIGHT ANSWER]
The interpretation of the word 'Swaraj' kept on changing during course of the Indian freedom struggle. But who presided over Calcutta session of the Congress in 1906 and declared its goal as 'Swaraj' for the first time?
A
Gopal Krishna Gokhale
B
Bal Gangadhar Tilak
C
Rash Behari Ghosh
D
Dadabhai Naoroji
Question 1 Explanation: 
Dadabhai Naoroji
Question 2 [CLICK ON ANY COICE TO KNOW RIGHT ANSWER]
Setting a precedent in allowing women to enter religious places, the Bombay high court ruled that women can enter the Haji Ali Dargah. In saying So Which of the following Fundamental rights did that court say were being contravened by not allowing women to enter the dargah by the Trust
  1. Article 14 (equality before law)
  2. Article15 (prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth)
  3. Article 25 (freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion)
  4. Article (abolition of Untouchability)
A
1 and 2 only
B
1 and 4 only
C
1,2 and 3
D
All the Above
Question 3 [CLICK ON ANY COICE TO KNOW RIGHT ANSWER]
Consider the following statements:
  1. Pregnant women who have never had diabetes before but who have high blood glucose levels during pregnancy are said to have gestational diabetes
  2. Diagnosing and treating gestational diabetes can help keep the burden of diabetes under check
  3. The United Nations has set a global target of halting adult prevalence of diabetes at 2010 levels by 2025
Which of the statements above is/are correct?
A
1 and 3 Only
B
2 and 3 Only
C
1 and 2 Only
D
1, 2 and 3
Question 4 [CLICK ON ANY COICE TO KNOW RIGHT ANSWER]
Consider the following statements with regard to aftermath of Chauri Chaura Incident:
  1. Congress halted the Non-cooperation Movement as a direct result of the Chauri Chaura.
  2. Gandhi was arrested and sentenced to six years of imprisonment.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2
Question 4 Explanation: 
Chauri Chaura Incident occurred when a large group of protester's, participating in the Non-cooperation movement clashed with police, who in return opened fire.

In retaliation the demonstrators attacked and set fire to a police station, killing all of its occupants. The incident led to the deaths of three civilians and 22 or 23 policemen. In reaction to this incidence Mahatma Gandhi halted the Non-cooperation as he was strictly against violence.

In response to killing of the police, the British authorities declared martial law in and around Chauri Chaura.

Several raids were conducted and hundreds of people were arrested.

Gandhi was also arrested and sentenced to six years of imprisonment but was later released in February 1924 on grounds of ill health.

Question 5 [CLICK ON ANY COICE TO KNOW RIGHT ANSWER]
Consider the following statements
  1. Capital deficit refers to the difference between capital receipts and capital expenditure needs
  2. Primary deficit encompasses the sum of interest liabilities of the government
Which of the above is/are correct
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
Both
D
None
Question 5 Explanation: 
  • Basically, thegovernments face the problem of managing as much funds, money, capital as isrequired by it for public expenditure. Such expenditure might be of revenue kind or capital kind. The apparent deficit is sometimes termed as capital deficit, though the term does not come in the nomenclature of public finance theoretically. Suchdifficulties have always been with the developing economies due to their high level requirement ofcapital expenditures.
  • The fiscal deficit excluding the interest liabilities for a year is the primary deficit, a term India startedusing since the fiscal 1997-98.It shows the fiscal deficit for the year in which the economy had notto fulfill any interest payments on the different loans and liabilities which it is obliged to-shownboth in quantitative and percentage of GDP forms

Source - Chapter 18, Ramesh Singh "

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