UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 114

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UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 114

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Question 71 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
Which of the following Effects of National Emergency on Centre-state Relations is/are correct?
  1. During a national emergency, the Centre becomes entitled to give executive directions to a state on 'any' matter.
  2. During a national emergency, the Parliament becomes empowered to make laws on any subject mentioned in the State List.
  3. While a proclamation of national emergency is in operation, the President can modify the constitutional distribution of revenues between the centre and the states.
  4. While a proclamation of national emergency is in operation, the President can issue ordinances on the state subjects also.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
A
1, 2 and 3 only
B
1 and 2 only
C
2 and 3 only
D
All the above
Aptitude Questions answers
Question 71 Explanation: 
Effects of National Emergency on the Centre-State Relations:

While a proclamation of Emergency is in force, the normal fabric of the Centre-state relations undergoes a basic change. This can be studied under three heads, namely, executive, legislative and financial.

(a) Executive: During a national emergency, the executive power of the Centre extends to directing any state regarding the manner in which its executive power is to be exercised. In normal times, the Centre can give executive directions to a state only on certain specified matters. However, during a national emergency, the Centre becomes entitled to give executive directions to a state on 'any' matter. Thus, the state governments are brought under the complete control of the Centre, though they are not suspended.

(b) Legislative: During a national emergency, the Parliament becomes empowered to make laws on any subject mentioned in the State List. Although the legislative power of a state legislature is not suspended, it becomes subject to the overriding power of the Parliament. Thus, the normal distribution of the legislative powers between the Centre and states is suspended, though the state Legislatures are not suspended. In brief, the Constitution becomes unitary rather than federal. The laws made by Parliament on the state subjects during a National Emergency become inoperative six months after the emergency has ceased to operate. Notably, while a proclamation of national emergency is in operation, the President can issue ordinances on the state subjects also, if the Parliament is not in session. Further, the Parliament can confer powers and impose duties upon the Centre or its officers and authorities in respect of matters outside the Union List, in order to carry out the laws made by it under its extended jurisdiction as a result of the proclamation of a National Emergency. The 42nd Amendment Act of 1976 provided that the two consequences mentioned above (executive and legislative) extends not only to a state where the Emergency is in operation but also to any other state.

(c) Financial: While a proclamation of national emergency is in operation, the President can modify the constitutional distribution of revenues between the centre and the states. This means that the president can either reduce or cancel the transfer of finances from Centre to the states. Such modification continues till the end of the financial year in which the Emergency ceases to operate. Also, every such order of the President has to be laid before both the Houses of Parliament.

Question 72 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
'Vision Zero' is a term frequently used across the world in the context of
A
Improving the quality of manufactured products
B
Reducing transport sector emissions
C
Safety of humans
D
Preventing illegal trade of endangered plant and animal species
Aptitude Questions answers
Question 72 Explanation: 

"The international conference on the VISION ZERO and its relevance to Occupational Safety and Health (OSH), is being organized in New Delhi. The conference aims to focus on the Occupational Safety and Health issues and challenges in the Manufacturing, Construction and Mining sector. The conference is expected to introduce the fast emerging internationally accepted concept of 'Vision Zero' in India."

A Google search for 'vision zero' will throw up results regarding road safety projects across countries.

Improvisation: PIB ;

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Question 73 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
The Kimberley Process, of which India was recently handed over the Chairmanship for 2019, is related to
A
Reducing the flow of conflict diamonds.
B
Opium production in Afghanistan.
C
Disaster risk reduction
D
None of the above
Bank exam Questions answers
Question 73 Explanation: 

The Kimberley Process (KP) unites administrations, civil societies, and industry in reducing the flow of conflict diamonds - 'rough diamonds used to finance wars against governments' - around the world. India is a founding member.

PIB ;

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Question 74 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
The right to raise a question of privilege shall NOT be governed by which of the following conditions?
  1. Not more than one question shall be raised at the same sitting
  2. The question shall be restricted to a specific matter of recent occurrence
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A
1 Only
B
2 Only
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2
Aptitude test Questions answers
Question 74 Explanation: 

The right to raise a question of privilege shall be governed by the following conditions, namely:

  • not more than one question shall be raised at the same sitting;
  • the question shall be restricted to a specific matter of recent occurrence; and
  • the matter requires the intervention of the House.

http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/congress-to-move-privilege-motion-against-smriti-irani/article8290288.ece

Question 75 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
Which of the following writs can be issued against a private individual as well as a public authority?
  1. Habeas Corpus
  2. Mandamus
  3. Prohibition
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
1 and 3 only
D
2 and 3 only
GK (GENERAL KNOWLEDGE) Questions answers
Question 75 Explanation: 
1 only is correct.
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