UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 114
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Question 76 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
Formation of island arc
Formation of Himalayas
Formation of rift valley
Formation of oceanic trenches
Question 77 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
- It prohibits the launching of ballistic missiles, which could be armed with WMD warheads through space
- China is not a party to the treaty
- The treaty explicitly forbids any government to claim a celestial resource such as the Moon or a planet
- It allows state parties to hold bilateral or multilateral military exercises in space or on celestial bodies
- As per the treaty, if a State launches a space object, and retains jurisdiction and control over that object, it is also liable for damages caused by their space object
3 and 5 only
1, 2, 3, 4 and 5
2, 3 and 5 only
1, 4 and 5 only
- Space exploration is governed by a complex series of international treaties and agreements which have been in place for years. The first and probably most important of them is the Outer Space Treaty.
- The treaty was initially signed by the United States of America, the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union on January 27, 1967 and it came into effect from October 10, 1967.
- The treaty was initially called 'Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and other Celestial bodies.
- The treaty forbids countries from deploying "nuclear weapons or any other kinds of weapons of mass destruction" in outer space. The term "weapons of mass destruction" is not defined, but it is commonly understood to include nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons. The treaty, however, does not prohibit the launching of ballistic missiles, which could be armed with WMD warheads, through space.
- China is a member.
- The treaty's key arms control provisions are in Article IV. States-parties commit not to:
- Place in orbit around the Earth or other celestial bodies any nuclear weapons or objects carrying WMD.
- Install WMD on celestial bodies or station WMD in outer space in any other manner.
- Establish military bases or installations, test "any type of weapons," or conduct military exercises on the moon and other celestial bodies.
- The treaty explicitly forbids any government to claim a celestial resource such as the Moon or a planet.
- Article II of the Treaty states that "outer space, including the Moon and other celestial bodies, is not subject to national appropriation by claim of sovereignty, by means of use or occupation, or by any other means".
Refer: Cooperation in the peaceful uses of outer space: "
Question 78 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
- No restriction can be imposed by executive action alone.
- The judiciary has power to test the validity of these restrictions.
- Contempt of Court has been recognised as a valid ground for imposing restrictions on the freedom of speech and expression.
1 and 2 only
2 and 3 only
1 and 3 only
1, 2 and 3
There are limitations imposed by Article 19(2) to 19(6) on the freedoms guaranteed by Arts. 19(1) (a) to (g). They specify that freedoms are not absolute but are subject to regulation. These articles also put a limitation on the power of a legislature to restrict these freedoms. Legislature cannot impose more limitations than prescribed under these provisions.
Essential elements of these restrictions are as follows:
- Restrictions can be imposed only by or under the authority of law. Restrictions cannot be imposed by the executive action without legal authority.
- The restriction must be 'reasonable'.
- Restriction must be related to the purpose specifically mentioned in these clauses.
- The judiciary has power to test the validity of these restrictions on two grounds, firstly-whether the restriction is reasonable or secondly whether it is for the purpose mentioned in the clause under which the restriction is being imposed? Legislative determination as to reasonableness is not final and it is subjected to judicial scrutiny.
Article 19(2) was amended in 1951 and the State was allowed to make laws with the object of imposing reasonable restrictions on the exercise of the right conferred by Article 19(1)(a) in the interests of
- Security of State,
- Friendly relations with foreign states,
- Public order,
- Decency or morality
- In relation to Contempt of court
- Incitement to an offence.
- Sovereignty and integrity of India ( This ground is added in Article 19(2) by Constitution (Sixteenth Amendment) Act, 1963)
Question 79 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
- It is a UN agency.
- It is headquartered in New York.
Both 1 and 2
- The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is an intergovernmental economic organisation with 35 member countries, founded in 1960 to stimulate economic progress and world trade.
- So, it is not an UN agency.
- It is a forum of countries describing themselves as committed to democracy and the market economy, providing a platform to compare policy experiences, seeking answers to common problems, identify good practices and coordinate domestic and international policies of its members. Most OECD members are high-income economies with a very high Human Development Index (HDI) and are regarded as developed countries.
- Its headquarter is at Paris, France.
Question 80 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
1.Reusable Launch Vehicle uses air-breathing propulsion system which can utilise the atmospheric oxygen during their flight and reduce the total propellant required to place a satellite in orbit.
- GSLV Mk2 is the 4th generation launch vehicle, a three-stage vehicle with four liquid strap-on boosters.
- GSLV Mk2 can take up to 5000 kg of pay load to Low Earth Orbits, 2500 kg of payload to GeosynchronousTransfer Orbit (GTO)
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
2 and 3 only
1, 2 and 3
1 and 3 only
Scram-Jet engine air-breathing propulsion system which can utilize the atmospheric oxygen during their flight and reduce the total propellant required to place a satellite in orbit. "