UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 122

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UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 122

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Question 16 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
Consider the following statements with respect to National River Conservation Directorate (NCRD):
1. NRCD is only providing financial assistance under the National River Conservation Plan to the State Governments/ local bodies
2. NRCP has also been identified as one of the four core Centrally Sponsored Schemes (CSS) of the ministry approved by the Cabinet Which of the following given below given codes are correct?
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2
GK (GENERAL KNOWLEDGE) Questions answers
Question 16 Explanation: 
National River Conservation Directorate (NRCD) in the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change is implementing the Centrally Sponsored Schemes of National River Conservation Plan (NRCP) and National Plan for Conservation of Aquatic Ecosystems' (NPCA) for conservation of rivers, lakes and wetlands in the country. NRCD is only providing financial assistance under the National River Conservation Plan to the State Governments/ local bodies to set up infrastructure for pollution abatement of rivers in identified polluted river stretches based on proposals received from the State Governments/ local bodies. NRCP has also been identified as one of the four core Centrally Sponsored Schemes (CSS) of the ministry approved by the Cabinet. As per amendment to the Government of India (Allocation of Business) Rules, 1961 notified vide Gazette Notification SO No. 1986(E) dated 31st July, 2014, the work relating to Ganga and its tributaries along with NMCG/NGRBA (National Ganga River Basin Authority) have been transferred to the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation ( MoWR , RD&GR). "
Question 17 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
Consider the following statements regarding National Investigation Agency (Amendment) Act of 2019.
  1. The Act empoweres the agency to investigate offences committed outside India, subject to international treaties and domestic laws of other countries.
  2. The NIA can investigate cases related to human trafficking, counterfeit currency, manufacture or sale of prohibited arms and cyber-terrorism.
  3. The 2019 amendment allowed the central government to designate Sessions Courts as Special Courts for the trial of scheduled offences under the Act.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
A
1, 2
B
1, 3
C
2, 3
D
1, 2, 3
Bank exam Questions answers
Question 17 Explanation: 

The NIA Act was enacted in the aftermath of the Mumbai terrorist attacks of 2008. A decade later, the Act was amended with the objective of speedy investigation and prosecution of certain offences, including those committed outside India.

The 2019 amendment in the law focussed on three main areas.

OFFENCES OUTSIDE INDIA: The original Act allowed NIA to investigate and prosecute offences within India. The amended Act empowered the agency to investigate offences committed outside India, subject to international treaties and domestic laws of other countries. The amended section reads: "Where the Central Government is of the opinion that a Scheduled Offence has been committed at any place outside India to which this Act extends, it may direct the Agency to register the case and take up investigation as if such offence has been committed in India." The NIA special court in New Delhi will have jurisdiction over these cases.

WIDENED SCOPE OF LAW: The NIA can investigate and prosecute offences under the Acts specified in the Schedule of the NIA Act. The Schedule originally had The Atomic Energy Act, 1962, The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967, and The Anti-Hijacking Act, 1982, among other entries. The amendment has allowed the NIA to investigate, in addition, cases related to (i) human trafficking, (ii) counterfeit currency or banknotes, (iii) manufacture or sale of prohibited arms, (iv) cyber-terrorism, and (v) offences under the Explosive Substances Act, 1908.

SPECIAL COURTS: The 2008 Act constituted Special Courts for conducting the trial of offences under the Act. The 2019 amendment allowed the central government to designate Sessions Courts as Special Courts for the trial of scheduled offences under the Act. The central government is required to consult the Chief Justice of the High Court under which the Sessions Court is functioning, before designating it as a Special Court. When more than one Special Court has been designated for any area, the seniormost judge will distribute cases among the courts. State governments too, may also designate Sessions Courts as Special Courts for the trial of scheduled offences.

Source

Question 18 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
Consider the following statements regarding the National Human Rights Commission.
  1. It is neither a constitutional body nor a statutory body.
  2. NHRC works for the implementation of the UN Human rights declaration - 1948.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2
Crack any exam
Question 18 Explanation: 
NHRC is a statutory body.
Question 19 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
The Centre recently decided to extend the Armed Forces Special Powers Act in three districts of Arunachal Pradesh due to "extortion and intimidation" by the cadres of which organisation?
A
National Socialist Council of Nagaland (Isak-Muivah)
B
National Socialist Council of Arunachal Pradesh (Chakma)
C
National Socialist Council of Nagaland (Khaplang)
D
National Socialist Council of Arunachal Pradesh (Hajong)
KBC Questions answers
Question 19 Explanation: 

This is relevant, because: The government signed a 'framework agreement' with the NSCN-IM in September 2015 to find a final solution to the six-decade-old Naga issue. Yet, it is due to the NSCN-IM that AFSPA is being extended in three districts of Arunachal Pradesh.

http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/centre-extends-afspa-to-check-naga-factions/article9320851.ece "

Question 20 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
Consider the following statements: 1] Hatiya is situated on the estuary of the River Meghna and is a nine-hour journey away from the camps where the Rohingya have taken shelter. 2] The Rohingya people are Muslim Indo-Aryan peoples from the Rakhine State, Myanmar. Which of the above statements is/are correct?
A
1 Only
B
2 Only
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2
Civics Test Questions answers
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