UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 122

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UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 122

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Question 21 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
Consider the following statements regarding Zero Yield nuclear test;
  1. It refers to a full fledged nuclear test but with no overground effect.
  2. There is no explosive chain reaction in zero yield nuclear test.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2
Aptitude Questions answers
Question 21 Explanation: 
Statement 1 is incorrect. There is no official definition for the term but it generally refers to a nuclear test where there is no explosive chain reaction of the sort caused by an atomic bomb nuclear warhead, therefore statement 2 is correct.
Question 22 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
Which of the following laws provide safeguards and penalties against chemical disasters in India.
  1. Environment Protection Act, 1986
  2. Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991
  3. National Environment Appellate Authority Act, 1997
  4. National Green Tribunal Act, 2010
Select the correct answer code:
A
1, 2, 3
B
1, 3, 4
C
1, 2, 4
D
1, 2, 3, 4
NTA NET study material
Question 22 Explanation: 

Soon after the Bhopal gas tragedy, the government passed a series of laws regulating the environment and prescribing and specifying safeguards and penalties. Some of these laws were:

  1. Bhopal Gas Leak (Processing of Claims) Act, 1985, which gives powers to the central government to secure the claims arising out of or connected with the Bhopal gas tragedy. Under the provisions of this Act, such claims are dealt with speedily and equitably.
  2. The Environment Protection Act, 1986, which gives powers to the central government to undertake measures for improving the environment and set standards and inspect industrial units.
  3. The Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991, which is an insurance meant to provide relief to persons affected by accidents that occur while handling hazardous substances.
  4. The National Environment Appellate Authority Act, 1997, under which the National Environment Appellate Authority can hear appeals regarding the restriction of areas in which any industries, operations or processes or class of industries, operations or processes shall not be carried out or shall be carried out subject to certain safeguards under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.
  5. National Green Tribunal, 2010, provides for the establishment of a National Green Tribunal for effective and expeditious disposal of cases related to environmental protection and conservation of forests.

According to PRS Legislative, any incident similar to the Bhopal gas tragedy will be tried in the National Green Tribunal and most likely under the provisions of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986. " if an offence is committed by a company, every person directly in charge and responsible will be deemed guilty, unless he proves that the offence was committed without his knowledge or that he had exercised all due diligence to prevent the commission of such an offence," PRS states.

Source

Question 23 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
Which of the following statements is/are correct as per the Washington Consensus?
  1. There should be a greater role of state vis-a-vis the private sector in a growing economy.
  2. Developed countries should stop deregulation measures which, in the past, have led to increased economic inequality.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2
Aptitude Questions answers
Question 23 Explanation: 
Neither 1 nor 2
Question 24 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
With reference to International Humanitarian Law, consider the following statements: 1.It seeks to protect property/objects that are or may be affected by armed conflict. 2.It is mandatory for nations bound by the appropriate treaties. Which of the statement(s) is/are correct?
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2
Biology Questions answers
Question 24 Explanation: 
International humanitarian law comprises of a set of rules, established by treaty or custom, that seeks to protect persons and property/objects that are (or may be) affected by armed conflict and limits the rights of parties to a conflict to use methods and means of warfare of their choice. Thus, statement 1 is correct.

The law is mandatory for nations bound by the appropriate treaties. There are also other customary unwritten rules of war, many of which were explored at the Nuremberg War Trials. By extension, they also define both the permissive rights of these powers as well as prohibitions on their conduct when dealing with irregular forces and non-signatories. Thus, statement 2 is correct.

Question 25 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
With reference to the layers of the atmosphere, Consider the following statements
  1. Troposphere is the hottest part of the atmosphere because the heat is generated in it.
  2. Ozone in the stratosphere absorbs most of the ultraviolet radiation found in the Sun's rays.
  3. The tropopause is the boundary in the Earth's atmosphere between the troposphere and the stratosphere.
Which of the above statement(s) is/are correct?
A
1 and 3 only
B
1 and 2 only
C
2 and 3 only
D
All the above
Civics Test Questions answers
Question 25 Explanation: 
Statement 1 is incorrect. Troposphere is the hottest part of the atmosphere because it is heated by the Earth's surface. It is the nearest atmospheric layer of earth's surface.

Statement 2 is correct. The ozone layer or ozone shield is a region of Earth's stratosphere that absorbs most of the Sun's ultraviolet (UV) radiation. The ozone layer absorbs 97 to 99 percent of the Sun's medium-frequency ultraviolet light.

Statement 3 is correct. The tropopause is the boundary in the Earth's atmosphere between the troposphere and the stratosphere. It is a thermodynamic gradient stratification layer, marking the end of troposphere.

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